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M1083 MTV

General utility truck

M1083 MTV

The M1083 MTV or Medium Tactical Vehicle is available in many variants

 
 
Country of origin United States
Entered service 1996
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 8.71 t
Maximum load 4.53 t
Length 6.93 m
Width 2.4 m
Height 3.18 m
Mobility
Engine Caterpillar 3115 ATAAC 6.6-liter diesel
Engine power 290 hp
Maximum road speed 89 km/h
Range over 480 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.6 m
Fording 0.9 m

 

   During the late 1980s the US Army was looking for a new military truck family. The main emphasis was stressed on reliability, low unit and running costs, and long term efficiency. There was a grueling series of selection trials which took place over a period of many months. Eventually an Austrian Steyr design was selected as a winner. In 1991 a Stewart & Stevenson company was awarded a large-scale contract to manufacture the US Army's new Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) with the intention that eventually all the existing (and ageing) medium trucks in the Army's inventory would be replaced by a modern and efficient design. First production vehicles were fielded by the US Army in 1996. Eventually all ageing medium trucks in the Army's inventory were replaced by this modern and efficient design. Since 2012 these trucks are produced by Oshkosh Corporation. These trucks were offered for export.

   The FMTV is based on an Austrian truck, the Steyr 12M18, but considerably reengineered to be available as the 4x4 2.5-tone Light Medium Tactical Vehicle (LMTV) and the 6x6 5-tone Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV). Both models have over 90 percent of components in common such as the cab, engine, drive train, tyres, wheels, front suspension, axles, etc, and involve many commercial components. There was also an 8x8 heavy tactical vehicle, however only a couple of its prototypes were built and it never reached mass production. The basic LMTV is the M1078 cargo carrier while the 6x6 baseline model is the M1083.

   The cab accommodates driver and two passengers. Experience in Iraq led to development of an armored cab. It is known as Low Signature Armored Cab (LSAC). Two man team can remove and replace a standard cab by an armored cab in the field within 4 hours. The armored cab provides protection for the occupants against small arms fire, artillery shell splinters and mine blasts. These were widely used in Iraq and Afghanistan. Later a new Long Term Armor Strategy (LTAS) armored cab appeared. It can adapt various armor levels, depending on the threat.

   The MTV family of 6x6 military trucks is powered by Caterpillar 3115 ATAAC 6.6-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 290 hp. It is the same engine as on the M1078 4x4 truck, but tuned differently to develop more power. It was a high efficiency and low emission engine. Over time improved engines were fitted on MTV series trucks, including Caterpillar 3116, -3126 and Caterpillar C7. The engine is coupled with a fully automatic transmission. A central tyre pressure system is fitted as standard.

   Some versions are fitted with load handling cranes and others have recovery winches. It is also produced as bare chassis for special bodies to be added. A machine gun mounting is provided.

   Throughout the exercise the MTV accent has been on reliability, low unit and running costs, and long term efficiency, all aspects well demonstrated during a grueling series of selection trials which took place over a period of many months before selection of the Steyr design. The MTV was destined to serve well into the 21st Century. This military truck is being offered for export sales in the Far East and elsewhere.

   The M1083 MTV basic model have many variants such as:

- M1085 long wheelbase version;
- M1086 long wheelbase version;
- M1087 with expansible van body;
- M1088 truck tractor;
- M1089 wrecker;
- M1090 dump truck;
- M1091 fuel or water tanker;
- M1093 special version for low altitude air drops;
- M1095 cargo trailer for any MTV vehicle.

  This truck is used as a chassis for an M142 HIMARS multiple launch rocket system.

   Recently a new FMTV A2 family of medium tactical vehicles is being developed for the US Army. These will include LMTV A2 and MTV A2 series tactical vehicles. The new vehicles have stretched wheelbases and an added bonnet at the front. Production contract was awarded in 2018. The updated FMTV family is destined to serve well into the 21st Century.

 

 

 

 
M1083 MTV

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M1083 MTV

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M1083 MTV

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M1083 MTV

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M1089 Wrecker

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M1083 MTV

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