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KamAZ-4310

General utility truck

KamAZ-4310

The KamAZ-4310 general utility truck was the workhorse of the Soviet military

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1980
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) ~ 7 t
Payload capacity 6 t
Length ~ 7.4 m
Width ~ 2.5 m
Height ~ 3 m
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-740 diesel
Engine power 210 hp
Maximum road speed 85 km/h
Range ~ 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step up to 0.6 m
Trench ~ 1 m
Fording 0.5 m

 

   The KamAZ-4310 general utility truck is produced since 1980. It is a militarized version of commercial vehicle. Since its introduction the KamAZ-4310 become the work horse of the Soviet military. This truck took part in numerous military conflicts.

   This military truck has a conventional layout, with a front-mounted engine and a forward control cab.

   A baseline version of the KamAZ-4310 has a general troop/cargo body with folding-down sides and tailgate. Its cargo area is covered with removable bows and canvas cover. However this military truck is also available with a number of body styles.

   Its payload on cross-country terrain is limited to 6 t. Load with 6 t of cargo the KamAZ-4310 has a maximum road speed of 85 km/h. It can also tow trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight up to 7 t.

   An all-metal cab provides seating for driver and two passengers. Numerous military conflicts revealed that driver and cabin passengers of KamAZ trucks are very vulnerable to mine blasts due to the cab-over-engine layout. Typically the cab is completely destroyed once the truck runs over an anti tank mine. Russian soldiers preferred to drive a contemporary Ural-4320 truck with a bonneted cab, which was offset from the front wheels.

   The KamAZ-4310 is powered by a YaMZ-740 10.85-liter V8 diesel engine, developing 210 hp. The same engine is also used by the Ural-4320 and some passenger busses. Vehicle has a full-time all wheel drive. This military truck is fitted with a central tyre pressure system, which improves off-road mobility. A self-recovery winch was fitted to some models.

 

Variants

 

   KamAZ-43101, improved version, produced since 1989. It is fitted with a more powerful diesel engine, developing 220 hp.

   KamAZ-5350 general utility truck. It is a further development of the KamAZ-4310. The KamAZ-5350 is a member of Mustang family of military trucks. It was adopted by the Russian Army in 2002. Its small-scale production commenced in 2003.

 

 

 

 
KamAZ-4310

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KamAZ-4310

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KamAZ-4310

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KamAZ-4310

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KamAZ-4310

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