DURO I 4x4
DURO I 6x6
Country of origin
1 + 1 men
Dimensions and weight
2.83 - 2.89 t
2.9 - 3.1 t
5.07 - 6 m
VM Motori diesel
Maximum road speed
~ 0.5 m
~ 0.5 m
~ 0.6 m
DURO (DUrable and RObust) is a Swiss tactical transport vehicle. It
was specially designed to meet a Swiss Army requirement. In concept it is
broadly similar to an Austrian
However the DURO is significantly larger and heavier vehicle, that can carry much more
payload. Its development began in the 1980s. The Bucher DURO participated in
the competition among 15 other vehicles to meet a
Swiss Army requirement to replace a fleet of ageing light utility vehicles.
Eventually after extensive trials the Bucher DURO was selected as the winner
and adopted by the Swiss Army. In 1993 the
Swiss Army ordered initial batch of 2 000 DUROs. Production
commenced during the same year and first vehicles were delivered in
1994. Deliveries were completed in 1999. A second batch of 1 000
vehicles was subsequently ordered and deliveries were completed in
2001. In 2000-2002 A small number of these vehicles, modified as
firefighters, were exported to South Africa (14) and Singapore (61).
Other operators are Venezuela (358) and Malaysia (57). In 2003 the
Bucher company sold its transport vehicle unit, producing DURO
trucks to MOWAG. During the same year MOWAG replaced the original
DURO in production with an improved model, called the
military vehicle has unusual appearance. The main role of the DURO
is to carry troops and supplies over difficult terrain. This vehicle
was specially designed to operate in mountainous terrain. The baseline vehicle
has a 4x4 configuration. It weights 2.8 t and has a payload capacity
of 3 t.
The DURO was
designed as a modular vehicle that could be easily fitted with
interchangeable bodies, including fully-enclosed bodies and various
shelters. Over 30 interchangeable bodies were proposed, including
ambulance, command vehicle, UAV launcher, firefighting bodies.
The bodies could be simply swapped by a crane, or using purpose
designed lifting legs.
A baseline open-top troop/cargo body with bench seats at the
rear is covered with canvas cover. It can carry up to 14
fully-equipped troops, or alternatively 6 standard pallets.
Passengers enter and leave the vehicle via rear doors. The DURO can
be used to tow light trailers and artillery pieces with a maximum
weight of 3.5 t. The towed load is increased to 5 t with air braked
trailer. All models of the DURO had these capabilities.
was available with different wheelbase lengths. The 4x4S version had
short wheelbase, while there was also a 4x4L with longer wheelbase.
The 4x4 model was soon joined in production by a 6x6 version. It
could carry up to 18 fully-equipped troops.
fully-enclosed 2-door cab is of aluminum and plastic construction.
It accommodates driver and one passenger. A third seat was proposed
as an option. The cab is tilted forward for engine access and
The DURO is
powered by Italian VM Motori 3.75-liter turbocharged diesel engine,
developing 150 hp. There was also a 4.2-liter diesel, developing 160
hp. Engine is located under the cab. It is mated to Mercedes-Benz or
Allison 4-speed automatic transmission, which is located at the rear
of the vehicle. The DURO has a full-time all-wheel drive. This Swiss
vehicle uses a patented stabilizer system, which allows axle
twisting on rough terrain. Each wheel can travel independently. Such
design resulted in great off-road mobility. Also the DURO proved to
be a reliable vehicle. Optional equipment included winch, central
tyre inflation system and run-flat tyres.
or DURO I is an initial production version. It was produced between
1993 and 2001. A total of 3 000 vehicles were delivered to the Swiss
Army. The Swiss Army operates this vehicle in more than 40 variants. In 2000-2002 A small number of the
DUROs, modified as
firefighters, were exported to South Africa (14) and Singapore (61).
Between 2001 and 2003 a total of 358 DURO I vehicles were exported
to Venezuela. Between 2000 and 2003 a total of 57 DURO I vehicles
with 6x6 configuration were exported to Malaysia. These were
supplied in kit form for local assembly. A small number of DURO I
trucks were obtained by the British armed forces. These were
configured as Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) vehicles. In 2003
the Bucher company sold its transport vehicle unit, producing DURO
vehicles to MOWAG. Production of the original Bucher DURO I ceased
in 2003. During the same year MOWAG launched production of an
improved MOWAG DURO II model.
Bucher DURO. The upgrade was developed by MOWAG. In 2016 this
vehicle was trialed. In 2017 MOWAG received a contract to upgrade a
total of 2 200 Swiss Army DUROs out of 3 000 delivered, to keep them
operational. Deliveries of upgraded vehicles commenced in 2017 and
are planned to be completed in 2022. These vehicles are fitted with
a new Steyr diesel engine, mated to a 8-speed automatic
transmission. The cab was modified in a number of areas. Upgraded
DUROs have a new rear cargo body, which accommodates up to 12
MOWAG DURO II is an improved version. This short-lived vehicle
was produced by MOWAG between 2003 and 2007. It was available both
with 4x4 and 6x6 configurations. It is fitted with a more powerful
Cummins ISB 5.9-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 185 hp.
The engine is mated to an Allison 5-speed automatic transmission.
The DURO II vehicles are slightly larger and heavier. The DURO II
was exported to the United Kingdom between 2004 and 2007. Ireland
obtained a small number of these vehicles.
MOWAG DURO III is a further improved version with increased
payload capacity. The DURO III was announced in 2003. Initially it
was available only with 6x6 configuration. It was fitted with even
powerful Cummins ISBe 5.9-liter turbocharged diesel engine,
developing 250 hp. It is mated to an uprated Allison 5-speed
automatic transmission. In 2006 the DURO III with 4x4 configuration
joined the line. This 4x4 model has a maximum payload capacity of 4
200 kg and a road range of 650 km. A small number of DURO III 6x6
vehicles are in service with Switzerland. In 2004 two pre-production
vehicles were delivered to United Kingdom for trials and evaluation.
Eventually a number of these vehicle, both with 4x4 and 6x6
configuration were exported to the UK.
MOWAG DURO IIIP is an armored version, available only with 6x6
configuration. It is a multi-purpose transport vehicle, based on the
DURO III 6x6. First prototype was completed in 1999. Vehicle is
fitted with a fully-enclosed modular shelter, which can be replaced
to suit specific mission requirements. It has a payload capacity of
3 000 kg and sufficient internal volume to fulfill a number of
roles. Variety of shelter modules can be mounted on a single
chassis. Its armor provides protection for the crew against small
arms fire and artillery shell splinters. The armor protection is
modular and can be added in form of kits, so protection level of the
cabin and shelter can be adapted to suit mission requirements. This
vehicle also had significant mine protection and withstands
explosions equivalent to 6 kg of TNT under any wheel. The DURO IIIP
has a crew of 2 and can carry up to 12 troops. This vehicle can be
armed with remotely controlled weapon station. The MOWAG DURO IIIP
is in service with the Swiss Army, where it is known as DURO GMTF.
First vehicles were delivered in 2006-2007. The DURO IIIP has been
exported to Denmark. Also it was co-produced in Germany with
Rheinmetall for the German army, where it is known as the
is a light utility vehicle, similar in concept to a US
It was developed in cooperation with ARIS of Italy and was first
publicly revealed in 1998. It was based on the chassis of the DURO I
4x4S. This military vehicle was designed with modularity in mind and
could have different body styles. Production of bodies and final
assembly was performed in Italy by ARIS. This vehicle was proposed
for the Italian Army as the ARIS VAT, however it was not adopted.