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T-80U-M1 Bars

Main battle tank

T-80U-M1 Bars MBT

The T-80U-M1 Bars main battle tank was developed mainly for export customers

Country of origin Russia
Entered service -
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 46 t
Length (gun forward) 9.65 m
Hull length 6.98 m
Width 3.58 m
Height 2.2 m
Main gun 125 mm smoothbore
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm, 1 x 12.7 mm
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 45 rounds
Machine guns 1 250 x 7.62 mm, 450 x 12.7 mm
Engine GTD-1250 gas turbine engine
Engine power 1250 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 400 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2.85 m
Fording 1.8 m
Fording (with preparation) 5 m


   The T-80U-M1 Bars (Snow Leopard) main battle tank was revealed in 1997. It is a further development of the T-80U MBT. This tank was mainly aimed at export customers. The T-80U-M1 Bars features improved weapon systems and protection. However no production orders were made and only one tank was built. Due to expensive maintenance Russian Army planned to retire all of its T-80 series tanks by 2015. However eventually decision was made to operate the T-80 series. Furthermore at least some the older Russian Army's T-80BV tanks were upgraded to the new T-80BVM standard in order to extend their service lives and improve capabilities.

   The T-80U-M1 Bars had a composite front armor with built-in explosive reactive armor blocks. It also had Arena active protection system, as well as Shtora-1 countermeasures system.

   The T-80U-M1 Bars was armed with a 125 mm smoothbore gun, completed with a carousel-type autoloader. Tank's main gun was also used to launch 9M119M (NATO reporting name AT-11 or Sniper-B) anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner, as ordinary munitions. The 9M119M missile has a range of up to 5 km. The use of guided missiles allowed to extend the range of the smoothbore gun, which was not that accurate at longer ranges. Tank's autoloader provided a maximum rate of fire of up to 7-9 rounds per minute. It stored 28 ready-to-use rounds, while other rounds were stored at the front of the hull.

   Secondary armament included a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and a 12.7 mm heavy machine gun mount, located on top of the commander's hatch.

   The T-80U-M1 main battle tank had a crew of three, including commander, driver and gunner.

   This tank was powered by a GTD-1250 gas turbine engine, developing 1 250 horsepower. It is a multi-fuel engine, which could run on all kinds of fuels, including diesel, petrol, or jet fuel. The tank was also fitted with an auxiliary gas turbine unit. It powered all of the tank's systems when the main engines was turned off. Chassis of the The T-80U-M1 Bars was similar to that of the T-80U. Cross country performance was also similar.




   T-80U-M2 was another improved version of the T-80U. It was also aimed mainly at export customers. However this tank was fitted with a Drozd-2 active protection system instead of the Arena. Though at the time of introduction of these two tanks, both Arena and Drozd-2 active protection systems were rather raw designs. At the time these protection systems were not adopted by the Russian military. Only a single prototype of the T-80U-M2 was ever built.



T-80U-M1 Bars MBT

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T-80U-M1 Bars MBT

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T-80U-M1 Bars MBT

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