Country of origin
Number of launchers
is a Russian active protection system. It was an improved version of
Drozd with increased performance. It offers a higher level of
protection than its predecessor. Development of this system
commenced in the late 1980s. It was first revealed during the 1990s
during various military exhibitions. Though at the time design was
still rather raw. The Drozd-2 was actively offered for the Russian
Army, but without any success. Also it received no export orders.
was designed to increase protection of tanks against incoming
anti-tank rockets and anti-tank missiles. This type of weapons is
also known as hard-kill protection systems. The Drozd-2 has modular
design and can be mounted on various tanks, armored vehicles and
even stationary targets. It can be installed on the Russian
tanks, as well as on any other tanks. The Drozd-2 was displayed on a
T-80UM2 main battle tank. Once mounted on the tank it significantly
improves its survivability on the battlefield against anti-tank
weapons typically used by the infantry.
system has a radar. It detects incoming threats at a range of over
150 m from the vehicle. Also it triggers special 107 mm High
Explosive Fragmentation (HE-FRAG) munitions, that fire at incoming anti-tank rockets and
missiles. This 107 mm munition operates in a broadly similar manner
as a buckshot. Missiles and rockets are destroyed at a range of 7-10
m form the tank. Even if incoming rocket or missile is not
destroyed, a blast can set it off course. The system operates automatically
without the input from the tank crew.
A total of 8
launchers with these special defensive munitions are typically
mounted on the outer edges of the tank's turret. However actual
number of launchers may vary depending on the vehicle.
can intercept rockets and missiles traveling at a maximum speed of
up to 1 200 m/s. The previous Drozd could intercept targets with a
maximum speed of 700 m/s. This protection system has a claimed hit
probability of 80-90% against incoming anti-tank missiles and
rockets. The original Drozd system offered 70% hit probability. The
Drozd-2 has no effect against kinetic energy munitions, such as
anti-armor sabot rounds.
has a brief reaction time and can protect the tank against multiple
incoming threats. The second defensive munition can be
launched within one second after the first one. Once switched on, it
takes 30 seconds for the system to activate itself.
can be configured to provide a coverage from 180 to 360 degrees. The
original Drozd system covered only the front arc of the tank.
limitation of this system is that it is not effective against top
attack anti-tank weapons. Also it can not intercept anti-tank
munitions launched from buildings and rooftops. However the front
arc of the tank is well protected.
drawback of this system is a kill zone of at least 25 meters in
front of the tank. Once activated this protection system becomes
dangerous to supporting infantry in front of the tank. When the
system is activated, a special light turns on. It warns the infantry
to keep away from the tank.
system adds around 850 kg to the tank weight. External components of
the system, including radars and launchers, are protected from 12.7
mm heavy machine gun fire and artillery shell splinters.
introduction of Drozd-2 Russians also developed another Arena active
protection system. It had a different design but also used radar
guidance. Essentially it was a competing system, which as also
offered for export customers, but without any success.
In the 1980s
and 1990s Russians were ahead of the world in terms of development
of active protection systems. Western countries had no equivalents.
However recently other countries caught up with Russians and
developed more advanced protection systems than the Drozd-2.
Russians developed a new Afganit active protection
system for their
main battle tank, which is similar in concept to the Drozd-2.