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Drozd-2

Active protection system

Drozd-2 active protection system

The Drozd-2 hard-kill protection system received no production orders

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service -
Specifications
Number of launchers 8
Operating method Radar-guided

 

   The Drozd-2 is a Russian active protection system. It was an improved version of the original Drozd with increased performance. It offers a higher level of protection than its predecessor. Development of this system commenced in the late 1980s. It was first revealed during the 1990s during various military exhibitions. Though at the time design was still rather raw. The Drozd-2 was actively offered for the Russian Army, but without any success. Also it received no export orders.

   This system was designed to increase protection of tanks against incoming anti-tank rockets and anti-tank missiles. This type of weapons is also known as hard-kill protection systems. The Drozd-2 has modular design and can be mounted on various tanks, armored vehicles and even stationary targets. It can be installed on the Russian T-90, T-80, T-72, older T-62 and T-55 tanks, as well as on any other tanks. The Drozd-2 was displayed on a T-80UM2 main battle tank. Once mounted on the tank it significantly improves its survivability on the battlefield against anti-tank weapons typically used by the infantry.

   The Drozd-2 system has a radar. It detects incoming threats at a range of over 150 m from the vehicle. Also it triggers special 107 mm High Explosive Fragmentation (HE-FRAG) munitions, that fire at incoming anti-tank rockets and missiles. This 107 mm munition operates in a broadly similar manner as a buckshot. Missiles and rockets are destroyed at a range of 7-10 m form the tank. Even if incoming rocket or missile is not destroyed, a blast can set it off course. The system operates automatically without the input from the tank crew.

   A total of 8 launchers with these special defensive munitions are typically mounted on the outer edges of the tank's turret. However actual number of launchers may vary depending on the vehicle.

   The Drozd-2 can intercept rockets and missiles traveling at a maximum speed of up to 1 200 m/s. The previous Drozd could intercept targets with a maximum speed of 700 m/s. This protection system has a claimed hit probability of 80-90% against incoming anti-tank missiles and rockets. The original Drozd system offered 70% hit probability. The Drozd-2 has no effect against kinetic energy munitions, such as anti-armor sabot rounds.

   This system has a brief reaction time and can protect the tank against multiple incoming threats. The second defensive munition can be launched within one second after the first one. Once switched on, it takes 30 seconds for the system to activate itself.

   The Drozd-2 can be configured to provide a coverage from 180 to 360 degrees. The original Drozd system covered only the front arc of the tank.

   Major limitation of this system is that it is not effective against top attack anti-tank weapons. Also it can not intercept anti-tank munitions launched from buildings and rooftops. However the front arc of the tank is well protected.

   Another drawback of this system is a kill zone of at least 25 meters in front of the tank. Once activated this protection system becomes dangerous to supporting infantry in front of the tank. When the system is activated, a special light turns on. It warns the infantry to keep away from the tank.

   The whole system adds around 850 kg to the tank weight. External components of the system, including radars and launchers, are protected from 12.7 mm heavy machine gun fire and artillery shell splinters.

   With the introduction of Drozd-2 Russians also developed another Arena active protection system. It had a different design but also used radar guidance. Essentially it was a competing system, which as also offered for export customers, but without any success.

   In the 1980s and 1990s Russians were ahead of the world in terms of development of active protection systems. Western countries had no equivalents. However recently other countries caught up with Russians and developed more advanced protection systems than the Drozd-2.

   Recently Russians developed a new Afganit active protection system for their Armata main battle tank, which is similar in concept to the Drozd-2.

 

 

 

 
Drozd-2 active protection system

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Drozd-2 active protection system

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Drozd-2 active protection system

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Drozd-2 active protection system

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Drozd-2 active protection system

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Drozd-2 active protection system

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