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Type 075 class

Amphibious assault ship

Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

The new China's Type 075 class was clearly inspired by US amphibious assault ships

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service Expected in 2020
Crew ~ 1000 men
Sea endurance ?
Dimensions and displacement
Length 250 m
Beam 30 m
Draught 8.5 m
Displacement ~ 35 000 tons
Propulsion and speed
Speed ~ 20 knots
Propulsion diesel engines
Cargo
Troops ~ 1 200 marines
Troops (surge capacity) ~ 1 800 marines
Vehicles ~ 45 tanks
Landing craft
Landing craft at least 2 x Type 726A hovercraft or landing craft
Airwing
Fixed wing -
Helicopters around 30
Armament
Artillery 2 x H/PJ-11 close-in weapon systems
Missiles 4 x HHQ-10 short-range air defense missile systems

 

   Development of a new type of amphibious assault ships commenced in China in 2011. It was clearly inspired by US amphibious assault ships.

   First images from shipyards became available in 2012-2013. The lead ship was built in an extremely fast pace, considering that it is a completely new project for China's shipbuilding industry. In 2019 China launched its first large amphibious assault ship. The lead ship is nearing completion and should be commissioned in 2020. The second vessel of the class was launched in 2020. There are reports that 3rd ship of the class is also planned.

   Construction of these new warships shows high level of resources China is devoting towards its offensive capabilities. When fully operational the new Type 075 amphibious assault ships will bolster China's amphibious capabilities, which today rely on smaller and less capable Type 071 amphibious transport docks.

   The Type 075 class ships were designed to support marines during landing operations against defended positions ashore. There is a flight deck and hangar facilities below decks. The Type 075 class will carry around 30 helicopters. These warships have a well deck and also support amphibious assault by sea. The Type 075 class ships can operate as flagships for expeditionary strike groups.

   Actual classification of the Type 075 is an Amphibious Helicopter Dock. It only slightly smaller than US America and Wasp class amphibious assault ships. However the Type 075 is significantly larger than Japanese and South Korean amphibious assault ships. Furthermore there are indications that China plans to build an even larger amphibious assault ship.

   This amphibious assault ship will carry a mix of helicopters including Z-8, Z-9, Z-18, Ka-28 and Ka-31. The flight deck will have around 6 spots for helicopters. Most of these helicopters will be transport helicopters. The Type 075 class could also carry VSTOL aircraft, however currently China has got no suitable aircraft for these warships. Although a related engine development project is underway.

   The new amphibious assault ships will carry various amphibious armored vehicles, including Type 63A and ZBD 2000 amphibious light tanks and ZBD 2000 amphibious infantry fighting vehicles.

   Well deck of the Type 075 will accommodate a couple of landing craft or at least two Type 726A hovercraft, that are extremely similar to the US LCAC.

   There were reports that the Type 075 amphibious assault ships will be fitted with four HHQ-10 short-range air defense missile systems and two H/PJ-11 close-in weapon systems. These defensive systems are already used on other China's warships. So the Type 075 class will carry only short-range defensive armament. Protection of these amphibious assault ships will be provided by escorting warships.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
? ~ 2012 2019 expected in 2020

under construction

? ~ 2013 2020 expected in 2021

under construction

 

 

 
Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

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Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

Expand image

Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

Expand image

Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

Expand image

Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

Expand image

Type 075 class amphibious assault ship

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