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Borei class

Ballistic missile submarine

Borei class submarine

The Borei class is a forth-generation ballistic missile submarine

 
 
Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2012
Crew 130 men
Diving depth (operational) 380 m
Diving depth (maximum) 400 - 450 m
Sea endurance 90 - 100 days
Dimensions and displacement
Length 160 m
Beam 13.5 m
Draught 10 m
Surfaced displacement 14 720 tons
Submerged displacement 24 000 tons
Propulsion and speed
Surfaced speed 15 knots
Submerged speed 26 - 29 knots
Propulsion nuclear reactor and pump jet propulsion
Armament
Missiles 16 x Bulava SLBMs
Torpedoes 6 x 533 mm torpedo tubes

 

   The Project 955, known in the West as Borei class, is a forth-generation nuclear-powered missile submarine. The Borei class will replace ageing Russian Delta III, Delta IV and Typhoon class ballistic missile submarines and will form a core of Russian naval deterrent.

   First of the class, the Yury Dolgoruky was laid down in 1996. Production of the vessel suffered severe delays due to funding problems. It was launched only in 2007. It is the first Russian strategic missile submarine to be launched since the Soviet era. It is also considered a milestone in the development of the Russian navy.

   By 2022 Russian Navy will operate a total of eight Borei class ballistic missile submarines. These boats will form a core of the Russian nuclear triad until 2040.

   The Borei class submarine carries Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missiles. The Bulava is a naval version of the Topol-M. The Yury Dolgoruky carries 16 of these intercontinental missiles. This lead Borei class submarine was originally planned do be commissioned in 2009. However due to delays with the Bulava development it was fitted with missiles only in 2013. Development of the Bulava was plagued by setbacks. There were numerous failures during test launches. By 2017 out of 27 test launches 12 tests were failures. Development of this missile still continues.

   The Bulava missile has a declared range of 9 500 km. This missile can carry 6 MIRVs with a blast yield of 150 kT each. It can also carry 10 MIRVs, though to a reduced range of only 4 000 km. The Bulava has an astro-inertial guidance with Russian GLONASS satellite navigation system update. It has a CEP of 350 m. This missile was designed to overcome hostile air defenses.

   The forth submarine of the class, Knyaz Vladimir, was built to improved Project 955A standard. The first improved boat was launched in 2017 and commissioned with the Russian Navy in 2020. This boat has numerous improvements and might even have a different hull shape. It can carry 20 ballistic missiles instead of 16. Following boats were also built to this improved Project 955A standard. Borei has about half the displacement of the Typhoon class, it will carry a similar number of missiles.

   This forth-generation nuclear missile submarine is less detectable to sonar than its predecessors. Other advancements include a pump jet propulsion. It is the first Russian submarine with such propulsion system.

 

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Yury Dolgoruki (K-535) 1996 2007 2012

active, in service

Alexandr Nevsky (K-550) 2004 2010 2013

active, in service

Vladimir Monomakh (K-551) 2006 2012 2014

active, in service

Knyaz Vladimir 2012 2017 2020

active, in service

Knyaz Oleg 2014 ? expected in 2021

under construction

Generalisimus Suvorov 2014 ? expected in 2021

under construction

Imperator Alexandr III 2015 ? expected in 2021

under construction

Knyaz Pozharskiy 2016 expected in 2020 expected in 2022

under construction

 

 

 

 
Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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Borei class submarine

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