guided missiles were designed to destroy tank. Many of you may
wonder which is the deadliest anti-tank missile. Here is the list of
some of the best man-portable anti-tank guided missiles that are
currently available. This list does not include vehicle-mounted and
The key factors for this
Top 10 list are range and penetration of the missile. Guidance
method is also considered. Priority is given to advanced
fire-and-forget and top-attack type missiles. This analysis is based
on specifications and available data. This list does not include
missiles that are still being developed.
So which is
the best anti-tank guided missile in the world? Which are the
deadliest missiles of this type and why?
Top 10 man-portable anti-tank guided missiles in the the world are these:
The MMP is a
recent French 5th generation anti-tank guided missile. It was
developed to meet requirement of the French Army and was first
introduced in 2012. Deliveries to the French Army commenced in 2017.
The MMP is a
multi-purpose missile. It can defeat anything from tanks to bunkers
and hostile troops in buildings. This missile has a range of 4 km.
The MMP offers non-line-of-sight-launch for both extreme ranges and
obscured targets. It has a tandem shaped charge warhead and
penetrates 1 000 mm of steel armor behind explosive reactive armor.
It is a top
attack system with fire-and-forget capability. However the operator
can also guide the missile to its target manually. This anti-tank
missile is suited for indoor launches.
The MMP follows a convenient
setup consisting of a launch tube,
a portable fire control system / guidance unit with day and night
optics, and a collapsible tripod mount.
also known as the Mizrak-O, is the first man-portable medium-range
anti-armor missile developed in Turkey. Development of this missile
began in 2010. Although its exact origins are unknown, on paper it
qualifies as a fourth-generation anti-tank guided missile endowed with range, precision, and lethality.
Its appearance, however, seems to have been influenced by missiles
like the US
and the Israeli Spike MR.
It turned out to be an extremely advanced weapon.
was designed to knock out main battle tanks with explosive reactive
armor. It can travel a distance of 4 000 meters and penetrates
around 1 000 mm of steel armor behind explosive reactive armor.
has infrared guidance. It can be launched in fire-and-forget mode,
as well as in fire-and-update mode. Also it has direct and top
LR2 is a recent 5th generation anti-tank guided missile. It was
developed in Israel. It is a new generation of the original
which was a huge success and was exported to around 30 countries,
including most members of the NATO. The new LR2 has even longer
range and increased armor penetration. It was designed for use by
the infantry and light combat vehicles. This missile can be also
used by helicopters and watercraft. Since its introduction the Spike
LR2 was gaining orders. In 2017 this missile was first ordered by
the Israel Defense Forces. So far the Spike LR2 was also selected by
Australia, Estonia, Germany, Latvia and Slovakia, though it is
likely that other countries will also order this missile. The Spike
LR2 is being license produced by Eurospike in Germany.
has a range of up to 5.5 km. When fired from helicopter this missile
has a range up to 10 km using a wireless datalink.
LR2 uses infrared imaging guidance. It has a new infrared seeker
with a smart target tracker and artificial intelligence features. It
was designed to overcome active protection systems. This missile can
attack targets from the top. It can be launched in fire-and-forget
mode, as well as fire-observe-and-update mode. Alternatively it can
be launched in no line of sight and use 3rd party target designation
using the wireless datalink.
It has a
tandem shaped charge warhead and penetrates 900 mm of steel armor
behind explosive reactive armor. This missile is also available with
a multipurpose blast warhead which is effective against buildings,
bunkers and field fortifications. It can breach up to 200 mm of
reinforced concrete and detonate within the structure. This
multipurpose warhead is also effective against lightly armored
LR2 missile is compatible with launchers of the original Spike LR.
Javelin is a US-made man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank missile.
It was fielded in the mid 1990s to replace the
Deliveries to the US Army and US Marine Corps commenced in 1996. The
Javelin has been exported to about 20 countries including Australia,
France and United Kingdom.
Currently the FGM-148 Javelin is one of the most
advanced man-portable anti-tank guide missile system in the world.
It can destroyed any current main battle tank. It can also target
low flying helicopters. Only some existing anti-tank missiles, such
as Israeli Spike can compare with the Javelin.
is a man-portable fire-and-forget type weapon. It is shoulder-fired
but can also be installed on the tripod or tracked and wheeled armor
vehicles. The Javelin missile system is operated by a crew of two.
has an infrared imaging guidance system. It locks on the target
before launch. During flight it guides automatically. During that
time the operator can detach an empty tube and from the CLU and attach another tube
with missile. It takes about 15 seconds. Alternatively the crew can
leave a firing position.
There are two modes of attack: top attack and direct
attack. The top-attack flight mode is used to engage tanks and other
armored vehicles. After the launch the missile climbs upward and
then dives towards the target. This method is very suitable to
destroy main battle tanks, because most of them have only a minimum
level of armor protection in the upper part of the turret. In direct
attack mode the missile flies directly to the target. This mode is
used to engage buildings, bunkers, weapon crews and concentrations
of enemy troops. In the direct attack mode the Javelin can also
engage low-flying helicopters.
has an 8.4 kg tandem shaped charge warhead. A precursor warhead
detonates any explosive reactive armor and the primary warhead
penetrates the base armor. It can penetrate 800 mm of steel armor.
So the Javelin is capable of destroying any existing main battle
tank in the world.
firing range of the Javelin is 2 500 m. Recently the manufacturer
developed a version of the Javelin with a range of 4 750 m.
There is a
FGM-148F version, fitted with multi-purpose warhead. It is much more
effective against enemy personnel, weapon crews, buildings and
lightly armored or unarmored vehicles. This missile is still lethal
HJ-12 is a
Chinese copy of the US
It was first publicly revealed in 2014. This Chinese missile has similar
specifications and capabilities as the baseline FGM-148A Javelin. It
is being proposed for export customers as a less expensive
alternative to the Javelin.
It has a
range of 2 500 m and penetrates 800 mm of steel armor behind
explosive reactive armor.
This missile uses a similar infrared imaging guidance method as the
Javelin, and attacks its targets from the top.
there are more Chinese advanced anti-tank guided missiles, similar to
the US Javelin that are being offered for export. These include GAM-100
and TS-01 anti-tank guided missiles. Though these are broadly
similar to the HJ-12.
is a man-portable anti-tank guided missile
system, designed for use by infantry, vehicles, and helicopters. The
name is short for MAn Portable Anti-Tank System, and "Mapats" is
also Hebrew otomotopea for an explosion. Known operators of the MAPATS
include Israel, Chile, Ecuador, Estonia, and Venezuela.
Little of the origins of the MAPATS have been published. This
weapon is clearly a derivative of the US-made
missile, but no assistance from the US military or defense industry
in the development of the MAPATS has ever been mentioned. It was
first unveiled to the public in 1984, and apparently entered service
with the Israel Defense Forces in 1985.
Though it is easily confused with a BGM-71 TOW at first
glance, the MAPATS has a different guidance. It is a laser-guided
warhead was capable of penetrating 800 mm of steel armor, which was
adequate to defeat any tank in service in the mid-1980s. Examples
made from the early 1990s onward were re-armed with a tandem shaped
charge warhead, capable of defeating 1 200 mm of steel armor after
explosive reactive armor; enough penetration to defeat almost
any tank in service today.
has a range of 4 km.
(Hornet) is the Belarusian variant of the Ukrainian
anti-tank guided missile. It is manufactured in Belarus by a
state-owned company. While both systems appear interchangeable the
Ukrainian Skif and the Belarusian Shershen have slightly different
uses laser guidance. Its RK-2S missile has a tandem
shaped charge warhead. It penetrates 800 mm of
steel armor behind explosive reactive armor. Such penetration is
more than enough for disabling current-generation main battle tanks.
Maximum range of fire is up to 5.5 km.
Should the operator prefer the 152 mm P-2B missile for the
Shershen the effective range stretches to an impressive 7 500 meters
with a frightening penetration of 1 100 mm against rolled homogenous
steel behind explosive reactive armor. During the night time the
range is reduced to around 3 km.
The Kornet (Cornet)
is a Russian anti-tank guided missile. It was first introduced in
1994. Western reporting name of this
weapon is AT-14 or Spriggan. Its fearsome reputation is derived from
its extreme range thatís far beyond most current anti-tank missiles.
FGM-148 Javelin, for example, can only deliver
its lethal top attack warhead 2.5 kilometers away while the original Kornet-E developed by the Instrument Design Bureau
(KBP) had a maximum range of 5.5 km. This weapon has been exported
to a number of countries and was used in combat.
The Kornetís tandem
shaped charge warhead is just as intimidating for
its size. With a 152 mm diameter it is one of the largest and most
powerful anti-tank guided missileís ever
built. This feature is meant to defeat the threat posed by explosive
reactive armor on modern tanks. It penetrates 1 000 mm of steel
armor behind explosive reactive armor.
new missile with thermobaric warhead was developed for this weapon.
Production was planned to begin in 2019. It has a range of 5.5 km
and is effective against buildings, bunkers, field fortifications
and entrenched troops.
despite significantly longer range the Russian Kornet is not that advanced in terms of guidance as
other modern anti-tank guided missiles.
The TOW 2 is
a heavy anti-tank missile. It is used by the US Army since 1983 and
proved to be a very effective weapon. This anti-tank weapon was
exported to a number of countries. The TOW 2 remains a very capable
anti-tank system despite the fact that this weapon is nearly 40
In the basic
infantry form the TOW launcher is mounted on a portable tripod. The
missile is carried in a sealed container. It is clipped to the
launcher before the launch. The TOW 2 system is serviced by a crew
of three soldiers, including commander, gunner and assistance
gunner. The launcher can be disassembled and transported by the
crew. In the US Army the TOW 2 launchers are typically used by
separate anti-tank companies for heavy anti-armor work.
The TOW 2
missile is available in several versions and
is produced in wireless and wire-guided forms.
The wireless missiles
require no special alterations to the launcher.
missile has a tandem warhead and was specially designed to defeat
tanks with explosive reactive armor. It has a range of 3.75 km and
penetrates 900 mm of steel armor behind explosive reactive armor.
is a top-attack missile. It explodes above the tank to penetrate its
thin top armor. It has a maximum range of 4.2 km.
The BGM-71H is a bunker-busting missile. It is used against
buildings or fortified structures. This missile has a range of 3.75
There are some other anti-tank missiles for this weapon.
The TOW 2 launcher
is compatible with all previous
missiles. This weapon has got a thermal imaging sight and can be
used at night.
MILAN ER (France,
Germany, Italy, United Kingdom)
The Milan ER
is a new development of the combat-proven
anti-tank guided missile, that is in service in service for nearly
50 years and was adopted by more than 40 countries. This weapon uses
a new launcher and more powerful missile with longer range.
Development of this weapon began in 2005. The missile was ready for
mass production in 2011. The MILAN ER has been selected by at least
3 existing operators of the MILAN system. Interestingly the French
Army rejected the MILAN ER and went for a more advanced
anti-tank guided missile.
The MILAN ER
uses a new firing post with integral thermal imager. The new
launcher is compatible with previous variants of the MILAN missiles,
including MILAN 2 and MILAN 3, and
remains a wire-guided system. However judging by modern standards
such guidance method is considered out-dated.
missile has a tandem shaped charge warhead. It
penetrates 1 000 mm of steel armor behind Explosive Reactive Armor
(ERA). Such penetration is sufficient to destroy even the most
heavily armored main battle tanks. This missile is capable of
penetrating more than 2 m of reinforced concrete. Hence it can be
also used against troops in buildings, bunkers and field