Country of origin
Range of fire
30 - 120 km
Number of missiles
Vityaz (knight) is a short-to-mid range air defense missile
system. It was developed by Almaz-Antey company as a replacement for
S-300PS, which was developed back in the early 1980s,
M1-2 system, which is now over 20 years old.
Development commenced in 2007. The S-350 was first demonstrated in
2013. It was planned that production of this air defense system will
2015, however by 2017 this system was still tested. First S-350 air
defense systems were reportedly delivered to the Russian military in
this air defense system is broadly similar to the South Korean
KM-SAM Chun Koong. It is worth noting that Almaz-Antey participated
in development of this South Korean SAM system. It is claimed that
the S-350 Vityaz is more capable than the South Korean system.
It is expected to enter
service with the Russian armed forces in 2016. At this stage Russian
MoD plans to buy 30 of these SAM systems. It will replace older
variants of the S-300PS and Buk M1-2 systems. Russians plans to scrap about 50 of the
S-300PS systems by 2015 due to their age.
TEL vehicle carries a total of 12 9M96 vertically-launched missiles. The
same medium-range missiles are used by the recent Russian
air defense system.
The 9M96 is a variant of the 9M96 active
radar-homing interceptor missile. This missile is designed for
direct impact. It is similar to the US
Patriot PAC-3 design and is
intended to provide point defense against precision attacks and
defense suppression weapons. Its claimed kill probability is 90%
against aircraft and 70% against
anti-ship missile. The S-350 can also
launch a short-range missile which is likely a variant of the 9M100.
This air defense system can engage targets within ranges from 30 to 120
system also has advanced phased-array radar and a new mobile command
post. If required a number of vehicles can be linked together to
form a battery. A typical battery consists of command post can, two radars and control 8 TEL vehicles. Vityaz SAM system
can operate autonomously or alongside other air defense systems. It
can stop and launch its missiles within 5 minutes from traveling.
defense system can engage 12 to 16 targets simultaneously, including
aircraft and ballistic missiles. Command post can target up to 32
missiles on various targets at once.
vehicle has a crew of three. It is based on a
wheeled chassis with 8x8 configuration. Radar and command post are
carried by BAZ-69092 with 6x6 configuration.
S-350E is a
downgraded export version. It uses 9M96E missiles.
Poliment-Redut, a naval air defense missile system, which uses the
same missiles of the S-350 Vityaz.