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Raad

Medium-range air defense missile system

Raad air defense system

The Iranian Raad air defense system uses technology of the Soviet Buk

 
 
Country of origin Iran
Entered service 2012
Missile
Range of fire 50 km
Altitude of fire 25 - 27 km
Number of missiles 3
Mobility
Engine IVECO diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed ~ 65 km/h
Range ~ 500 km

 

   The Raad (Thunder) is a recent Iranian medium-range air defense missile system. Interestingly Iran uses the same Raad name for a number of different weapons, including howitzers, artillery rockets, armored vehicles, anti-tank guided missiles, anti-ship missiles and so on.

   The idea of developing a new indigenous medium-range air defense system was introduced between the years 2005 and 2010. At that time Iranians were planning to buy Russian air defense systems. The outcome was ordering in 2007 the Russian S-300 long-range air defense system to be delivered, but that didn’t happen. The UN Security Council adopted a resolution against Iran. This resolution excluded delivering S-300 to Iran but was claimed as a reason from Russians not to deliver it. So Iran responded by developing indigenous missile defense systems. The Iranian Army Air Defense Forces began the development of their own version of the S-300, which was called “Bavar 373”. The Islamic Republic Guard Corps (IRGC) had speeded up development of new medium-range air defense systems which led to the creation of the Raad family. Most likely that these medium-range air defense systems were developed with Russian assistance. Some sources report that the Raad is a reverse-engineered version of the Buk. This Iranian system strongly resembles and is similar in function to a Soviet Buk, that was adopted back in the 1980. However it seems that the Raad is less capable than the original Buk. The Raad was officially displayed in 2012 and was deployed during the same year. Soon after its introduction improved versions of the Raad appeared. The Raad paved the way for the whole family of air defense systems. The Tabas was officially displayed in 2014 and Sevom Khordad was displayed in 2016.

   The Raad uses two electro-optical systems to provide both detection and engagement coverage. Each launcher vehicle carrier 3 missiles, plus and additional passive radar.

   This system uses Taer-1 missiles that have a maximum range of up to 50 km and can reach targets at an altitude of 25-27 km. This air defense system can engage aircraft and helicopters. Most likely that Raad can also engage ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, anti-radiation missiles, smart bombs and unmanned aerial vehicles. These missiles were designed by IRGC Aerospace Force.

   A battery contains 1 Transporter Erector Launcher and Radar (TELAR) and 2 Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) vehicles. These are based on a heavily modified IVECO 6x6 commercial  truck chassis. Though there was also a version based on a standard commercial truck chassis, sometimes referred as the Raad-2. Each vehicle carrier 3 missiles. So a single battery has 9 ready-to-fire missiles. A battalion has 4 batteries with 4 TELARs and 8 TELs and can engage multiple targets simultaneously.

   Each battalion additionally includes a Bashir S-band 3D phased array surveillance radar which has a detection range of 350 km. The battalion also has a command and control (C2) unit, based on IVECO truck chassis. The C2 unit provides communication between Raad batteries. Furthermore, the C2 unit can connect other air defense systems of the Raad family, including the improved Tabas and further improved Sevom Khordad, into a single air defense network. This allows to cover large area and targets can be engaged with a wide range of missiles from the cheapest Taer-1 missiles to the most capable Taer-2s. This adds the capability of facing different types of threats with different types of interceptors. In case of heavy jamming when even the X-band engagement radar can’t handle its duty, the C2 unit can provide an additional data link, connecting the system to electro-optical engagement systems of Raad batteries, in order to guide missiles toward targets.

 

Variants

 

   Raad-2 is a designation of a system based on a commercial truck chassis, which also uses Taer series missiles. It is unclear if this designation is oficial.

   Tabas is an improved and more capable version of the Raad, equipped with mechanical radar. It has a maximum range of 75 km. This system was introduced in 2014.

   Sevom Khordad (also known as 3rd Khordad) is a further improved version of the Raad. It uses an active phased array radar. It is capable of reaching targets within range of up to 105 km and at an altitude of up to 30 km altitude. This system was introduced in 2016. By 2019 it was the most advanced and powerful Iranian medium-range air defense missile system.

 

 

Raad air defense system

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Raad air defense system

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Raad air defense system

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Raad air defense system

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Raad air defense system

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Raad air defense system

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