Country of origin
Range of fire
Altitude of fire
25 - 27 km
Number of missiles
Maximum road speed
~ 65 km/h
~ 500 km
The Raad (Thunder)
is a recent Iranian medium-range air defense missile system.
Interestingly Iran uses the same Raad name for a number of different
weapons, including howitzers, artillery rockets, armored vehicles,
anti-tank guided missiles, anti-ship missiles and so on.
The idea of
developing a new indigenous medium-range air defense system was
introduced between the years 2005 and 2010. At that time Iranians
were planning to buy Russian air defense systems. The outcome was
ordering in 2007 the Russian
long-range air defense system to be delivered, but that didn’t
happen. The UN Security Council adopted a
resolution against Iran. This resolution excluded delivering S-300 to Iran but
was claimed as a reason from Russians not to deliver it. So Iran
responded by developing indigenous missile defense systems. The
Iranian Army Air Defense Forces began the development of their own
version of the S-300, which was called “Bavar 373”. The Islamic
Republic Guard Corps (IRGC) had speeded up development of new medium-range air defense systems which led to
the creation of the Raad family.
Most likely that these medium-range air defense systems were
developed with Russian assistance. Some sources report that the Raad
is a reverse-engineered version of the Buk. This Iranian system
strongly resembles and is similar in function to a Soviet
Buk, that was adopted back in the 1980. However it seems that
the Raad is less capable than the original Buk. The Raad was
officially displayed in 2012 and was deployed during the same year.
Soon after its introduction improved versions of the Raad appeared.
The Raad paved the way for the whole family of air defense systems.
was officially displayed in 2014 and
Sevom Khordad was displayed in 2016.
uses two electro-optical systems to provide both detection and
engagement coverage. Each launcher vehicle carrier 3 missiles, plus
and additional passive radar.
uses Taer-1 missiles that have a maximum range of up to 50 km and
can reach targets at an altitude of 25-27 km. This air defense
system can engage aircraft and helicopters. Most likely that Raad
can also engage ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, anti-radiation
missiles, smart bombs and unmanned aerial vehicles. These missiles
were designed by IRGC Aerospace Force.
contains 1 Transporter Erector Launcher and Radar (TELAR) and 2
Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) vehicles. These are based on a
heavily modified IVECO 6x6 commercial truck chassis. Though
there was also a version based on a standard commercial
truck chassis, sometimes referred as the Raad-2. Each
vehicle carrier 3 missiles. So a single battery has 9 ready-to-fire
missiles. A battalion has 4 batteries with 4 TELARs
and 8 TELs and can engage multiple targets simultaneously.
battalion additionally includes a Bashir S-band 3D phased array surveillance
radar which has a detection range of 350 km. The battalion also has
a command and control (C2) unit, based on IVECO truck chassis. The
C2 unit provides communication between Raad batteries.
Furthermore, the C2 unit can connect other air defense systems of the Raad family, including
the improved Tabas and further improved
Sevom Khordad, into a single air defense
network. This allows to cover large area and targets can be engaged
with a wide range of missiles from the cheapest Taer-1 missiles to
the most capable Taer-2s. This adds the capability of facing different
types of threats with different types of interceptors.
In case of heavy jamming when even the X-band engagement radar can’t handle its duty, the
C2 unit can provide an additional data link, connecting the system
to electro-optical engagement systems of Raad batteries, in order to
guide missiles toward targets.
Raad-2 is a
designation of a system based on a commercial truck chassis, which
also uses Taer series missiles. It is unclear if this designation is
is an improved and more capable version of the Raad, equipped with
mechanical radar. It has a maximum range of 75 km. This system was
introduced in 2014.
Sevom Khordad (also known as 3rd Khordad)
is a further improved version of the Raad. It uses an active
phased array radar. It is capable of reaching targets within range
of up to 105 km and at an altitude of up to 30 km altitude. This
system was introduced in 2016. By 2019 it was the most
advanced and powerful Iranian medium-range air defense missile