Country of origin
Missile launch weight
2 200 - 2 400 kg
400 - 450 kg
Range of fire
3 000 km
10 ~ 20 m
In the late
1980s soviets were looking for a new air-launched cruise missile to
The new missile started life as the Kh-90. Its development commenced
in the late 1980s, however after few flight tests the program was
suspended. A new Kh-101 program was launched, which called for a
development for a stealthy air-launched cruise missile, which would
be carried by strategic bombers. The Kh-101 made its first flight in
1998. Evaluation trials started in 2000. First pictures of this
missile appeared in 2007. This missile was adopted and is currently
used by the Russian Air Force. It was used during the Russian
military actions in Syria.
is a long-range standoff weapon. It is carried and launched by
bomber aircraft. It is larger and heavier than the Kh-55, but
retains a similar design with drop-down engine. Externally it has
some similarities with a US AGM-158 JASSM air-launched cruise
missile, though the Russian missile has significantly longer range.
The Kh-101 is carried by modernized
Tu-160M long-range strategic bombers (12 missiles internally)
Tu-95MSM strategic bombers (6 missiles internally and 8 missiles
externally). As far as the Kh-101 missiles are longer than the
Kh-55, these could not be loaded in internal bomb bay of the
is armed with conventional warhead and has a range of 3 000 km.
Depending on the version the missile weights 2 200-2 400 kg and
carries a 400-450 kg warhead. Most likely that some types of
warheads are available, including high explosive, penetration high
explosive, and submunitions warhead. There is also a similar Kh-102
missile with a 20 kT thermonuclear warhead.
missile is equipped with an electro-optical system for correcting
the flight trajectory and with a TV guidance system for terminal
guidance. The Kh-101 is estimated to be accurate within 10-20 meter
CEP. Some sources report that this missile has a CEP of just 5
meters. Such accuracy is sufficient to hit infrastructure targets.
The missile is re-targetable so it can be used to engage moving
targets. It has a variable flight profile and travels at altitudes
ranging from 30 to 10 000 meters.
flight the engine drops below the missile. Also there are pop-out
wings for cruising efficiency. This missile has reduced radar
cross-section and is more stealthier than the Kh-55. This feature
makes it harder to detect and destroy while the missile in on the
way to its target.
similar to the Kh-101 stealthy cruise missile, but carries a
thermonuclear warhead with a blast yield of 25 kT. It warhead
weights 300 kg. This missile has a range of 4 500 km. The Kh-102
missile is used by the Russian Air Force alongside the Kh-101.
Kh-BD is a
future cruise missile with a range of 3 000 km, or greater. In 2017
this missile was at the project stage. It is planned with
conventional and nuclear warheads. It should be carried by
modernized Tu-160M2 bombers.