Country of origin
1 300 kg
The Hong Qi
9 or HQ-9 is a Chinese air defense missile system. It is broadly
equivalent to the Russian
sources report that the HQ-9 was developed with Russian assistance
and benefits from Russian technology transfers. Also it uses
missiles similar to those of the S-300. Interestingly some sources
report that the HQ-9 also incorporates some electronic technologies
of the US
air defense system. This Chinese air defense system was reportedly
adopted in 1997. Its export version, the
FD-2000, has been exported to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Pakistan
and Turkey were negotiating with China to purchase this air defense
The HQ-9 can
intercept various aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, cruise missiles,
air-to-ground missiles, guided bombs and theater ballistic
missiles at medium- to long ranges.
surface-to-air missile system was
developed much later than the Russian S-300 and incorporates
advancements in the electronics. Notably it employs
newer computing technology.
uses two-stage missiles with thrust vector control. It is reportedly
based on Soviet 5V55 missile, used by the early S-300 air defense
systems. Chinese missiles have a range of up to 125 km against aircraft and 15-25 km against cruise and ballistic
missiles. Missiles can reach aircraft at an altitude of 27 km and
cruise and ballistic missiles at an altitude of 15-25 km. The
missile has inertial guidance with mid-course update and terminal
active radar homing. This air
defense system can perform air defense engagement in a massive air
raid under intense electronic jamming.
launcher is based on
Taian TA5380 8x8 high mobility chassis. Each launcher has 4 missiles in
individual containers. Missiles are launcher vertically.
A battery of
HQ-9 consists of 8 TEL vehicles with missiles, mobile engagement radar
based on Taian TA5570 10x10 chassis, engagement radar based on a
North-Benz ND1260 series truck chassis, command and control vehicle,
reloading vehicles and various support vehicles. The basic formation
can be expanded into a larger formation. The HQ-9 battery can employ
a wide range of radars, both search, surveillance, acquisition,
tracking and fire control.
HQ-9A is an
improved version. It was first tested in 1999 and was adopted in
improved version with longer range and extra seeker. It was
reportedly tested in 2006. It reportedly has a range of up to 250 km
and can reach targets at an altitude of 50 km. The missile has a dual seeker with
semi-active radar homing and infrared homing modes.
improved version that is currently under development. The missile
incorporates active radar homing mode.
HQ-19 a much
upgraded version of the HQ-9. It is Chinese equivalent to the US
It was specially developed to engage ballistic missiles and
satellites on lower Earth orbit. The missile is armed with kinetic
export version of the HQ-9. It is an anti-radiation missile system,
intended to intercept jamming planes and air radiation sources.
Missiles have passive homing. This system can engage targets at a
range of up to 100 km and can reach targets at altitude of up to 20
km. The FT-2000 operates in conjunction with passive surveillance
(Fang Dun 2000) another export version of HQ-9. It is a long-range air defense missile
system. It was first publicly revealed in 2012. This system has an
extra anti-stealth capability. The FD-2000 has been exported to
Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
version of the HQ-9. It appears to be identical to the land-based
variant. It is used on modern Chinese guided-missiles destroyers.
These missiles are launched from vertical tubes.
version. It is equivalent to the land-based HQ-9A system.