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HQ-9

Long-range air defense missile system

HQ-9

The Chinese HQ-9 is broadly equivalent to the Russian S-300

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service 1997 (?)
Missile
Missile length 6.8 m
Missile diameter 0.7 m
Missile weight 1 300 kg
Warhead weight 180 kg
Warhead type HE-FRAG
Maximum range 125 km
Maximum altitude 27 km

 

   The Hong Qi 9 or HQ-9 is a Chinese air defense missile system. It is broadly equivalent to the Russian S-300. Some sources report that the HQ-9 was developed with Russian assistance and benefits from Russian technology transfers. Also it uses missiles similar to those of the S-300. Interestingly some sources report that the HQ-9 also incorporates some electronic technologies of the US Patriot air defense system. This Chinese air defense system was reportedly adopted in 1997. Its export version, the FD-2000, has been exported to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Pakistan and Turkey were negotiating with China to purchase this air defense system.

   The HQ-9 can intercept various aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, cruise missiles, air-to-ground missiles, guided bombs and theater ballistic missiles at medium- to long ranges.

   The HQ-9 surface-to-air missile system was developed much later than the Russian S-300 and incorporates advancements in the electronics. Notably it employs newer computing technology.

   The HQ-9 uses two-stage missiles with thrust vector control. It is reportedly based on Soviet 5V55 missile, used by the early S-300 air defense systems. Chinese missiles have a range of up to 125 km against aircraft and 15-25 km against cruise and ballistic missiles. Missiles can reach aircraft at an altitude of 27 km and cruise and ballistic missiles at an altitude of 15-25 km. The missile has inertial guidance with mid-course update and terminal active radar homing. This air defense system can perform air defense engagement in a massive air raid under intense electronic jamming.

   The HQ-9 launcher is based on Taian TA5380 8x8 high mobility chassis. Each launcher has 4 missiles in individual containers. Missiles are launcher vertically.

   A battery of HQ-9 consists of 8 TEL vehicles with missiles, mobile engagement radar based on Taian TA5570 10x10 chassis, engagement radar based on a North-Benz ND1260 series truck chassis, command and control vehicle, reloading vehicles and various support vehicles. The basic formation can be expanded into a larger formation. The HQ-9 battery can employ a wide range of radars, both search, surveillance, acquisition, tracking and fire control.

 

Variants

 

   HQ-9A is an improved version. It was first tested in 1999 and was adopted in 2001.

   HQ-9B improved version with longer range and extra seeker. It was reportedly tested in 2006. It reportedly has a range of up to 250 km and can reach targets at an altitude of 50 km. The missile has a dual seeker with semi-active radar homing and infrared homing modes.

   HQ-9C improved version that is currently under development. The missile incorporates active radar homing mode.

   HQ-19 a much upgraded version of the HQ-9. It is Chinese equivalent to the US THAAD. It was specially developed to engage ballistic missiles and satellites on lower Earth orbit. The missile is armed with kinetic kill vehicle.

   FT-2000 export version of the HQ-9. It is an anti-radiation missile system, intended to intercept jamming planes and air radiation sources. Missiles have passive homing. This system can engage targets at a range of up to 100 km and can reach targets at altitude of up to 20 km. The FT-2000 operates in conjunction with passive surveillance system.

   FD-2000 (Fang Dun 2000) another export version of HQ-9. It is a long-range air defense missile system. It was first publicly revealed in 2012. This system has an extra anti-stealth capability. The FD-2000 has been exported to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

   HHQ-9, naval version of the HQ-9. It appears to be identical to the land-based variant. It is used on modern Chinese guided-missiles destroyers. These missiles are launched from vertical tubes.

   HHQ-9A improved naval version. It is equivalent to the land-based HQ-9A system.

 

 

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