Country of origin
Missile length (with launch tube)
1 098 mm
Missile weight (with launch tube)
Total weight with launcher
~ 1.75 kg
Range of fire
Fagot (Bassoon) is a Soviet Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM). Its development
program was launched in 1966. It was the first Soviet
second-generation ATGM. The Fagot had some features of a
though it was a different weapon. The Fagot was adopted by the Soviet Army
in 1970. It was produced in large numbers and was widely exported to
Soviet allies. This weapon was designated in the West as AT-4 or Spigot.
The Fagot marked a departure from the
previous Soviet anti-tank missiles like the
Malyutka (Western reporting name AT-3 Sagger) and the older
Fleyta (AT-2 Swatter). It was a wire-guided
Semi-Automatic Command to Line of Sight (SACLOS) ATGMs. Its
semi-automatic guidance system was much more accurate than of the
previous Soviet ATGMs. The operator just have to keep a crosshair on
the target, while the guidance system guides the missile on the
target automatically. The Fagot has a hit probability of 80-90%,
opposed to 50-60% of the previous Soviet ATGMs. Together with its other
features the Fagot was incomparable to anything in the West, such as American
or the Franco-German MILAN
and had little in common with its peers.
9M111 missile is factory-fitted and sealed in launch tube. It has a
range of 2 000 m. The missile is fitted with High Explosive
Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead and penetrates 400 mm of steel armor.
Though penetration is reduced to 200 mm once the missile hits the
target under 60° angle. Such
result was not impressive and soon improved missiles, as well as
improved variants of the Fagot appeared.
When launched the missile spins toward the target
and emits a red tail light so its course can be followed visually.
Maximum rate of fire is 3 missiles per minute.
is mounted on a 9P135 tripod-launcher system. It combines a
collapsible launcher unit on tripod with an integrated
guidance unit/controller box and firing mechanism. The launcher of the Fagot allowed its deployment in a concealed position or behind
cover. Unlike the
for example, the Fagot could be launched without the operators
exposing themselves. In travelling order the launcher unit can be
split into several parts. The operators carry a total of 8 missiles.
(Western reporting name AT-4B or Spigot B) is
an improved missile with a tandem HEAT warhead. It penetrates up to
460 mm or steel armor behind explosive reactive armor.
Fagot-M (Western reporting name AT-4C or Spigot C) is a further
improved version with a longer range. The launcher unit is fitted
with thermal sight and can be used at night. The improved 9M111M
missile has a range of 2 500 m. Its HEAT warhead penetrates 460-500 mm of steel armor.
Though penetration is reduced to 230 mm once the missile hits the
target under 60° angle. The
improved missile is slightly heavier. Together with launch tube it
weights 13.2 kg. Its warhead weights 1.75 kg.
(Western reporting name AT-5 Spandrel). It is a larger and deadlier
variant of Fagot, mainly intended to be used on vehicles, though it
can be also used by the infantry and launched from a
tripod-launcher. The Konkurs uses a larger 135 mm missile and has a range of
up to 4 km. The baseline HEAT missile penetrates 600-670 mm of steel
armor. The Konkurs missiles use the same
launcher unit of the Fagot. The Konkurs was adopted in 1974 and was produced in
large numbers. It was widely exported to Soviet allies. Due to
its close resemblance to the Fagot, it wasn’t until 1977 that
managed to identify the new ATGM and differentiate it. The Konkurs
was widely used on
infantry fighting vehicles,
reconnaissance vehicles, and
airborne combat vehicles.
Semi-Active Mission Homing is an Indian anti-tank guided missile.
This 120 mm missile is packed in a launch tube, which strongly
resembles that of the Fagot and uses externally similar launcher
unit. However the Indian missile has different appearance and uses
laser guidance instead of wire guidance. It is proposed with tandem
HEAT and High-Explosive Fragmentation (HE-FRAG) warheads. The SAMHO has a range of up to 5 km.
North Korean indigenous version of the Fagot with similar launch tube and launcher
unit. It has different sights and possibly uses laser guidance.