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Club-M

Coastal defense missile system

Club-M coastal defense missile system

The Club-M system can use both anti-ship and land attack cruise missiles

 
 
Country of origin Russia
Entered service ?
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 48 t
Length ~ 13.25 m
Width ~ 3.51 m
Height ~ 3.94 m
Missile
Missile 3M-54E anti-ship missile 3M-54E land attack missile
Missile length 8.22 m 6.2 m
Missile diameter 0.53 m 0.53 m
Wing span 3.1 m ?
Missile weight 2 300 kg 1 770 kg
Warhead weight 200 kg 450 kg
Warhead type HE-FRAG HE-FRAG
Range of fire 220 km 300 km
CEP ? ~ 5 m
Guidance Inertial with active radar guidance Inertial with active radar homing and  satellite navigation update
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-846 diesel
Engine power 500 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 700 - 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 45%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 2 m
Fording ~ 1.4 m

 

   The Club-M is a Russian coastal defense missile system. It is a land-based version of the naval Club. It can engage hostile ships and has a secondary land attack capability. In Russian this coastal defense system is actually called the Klub-M, though it is offered for export as the Club-M. This system was developed specially for export. Model of this system was first demonstrated in 2006. The Club-M was first publicly revealed in 2007. Later Russians developed an improved and more capable version of the Club-M for their own military, called the Kalibr-M. So far the Club-M received no production orders.

   The launcher vehicle is based on a Belarusian MZKT-7930 heavy high mobility vehicle with 8x8 configuration. This chassis is widely used in the Russian military. It can carry 4 or 6 missiles, depending on the type. It was stated that system can be also based on a Russian BAZ-6909 heavy high mobility vehicle with 8x8 configuration. The Club-M was also proposed with a different configuration, where missiles are carried and launched from a semi-trailer.

   This coastal defense missile system can carry various missiles. Initially it was proposed with 3M- 54E anti-ship missiles and 3M-14E land attack cruise missiles. Latter some other missiles, including the, 3M-54E1, 3M-54KE, 3M-54KE1, 3M-14KE, and 3M-14KE1 were added. Letters "E" in the designations indicate that these are "export" versions. These missiles have reduced range, and possibly, downgraded systems compared to the missiles used by the Russian military. So these are not as capable as similar missiles for the Russian military, used by Kalibr-M system. Maximum range of fire is 220 to 300 km, depending on the missile.

   The 3M-54E anti-ship missile was developed from 3M-10 anti-ship cruise missile. It has a maximum range of 220 km. It is a 3-stage missile. The missile is 8.22 m long and has a diameter of 533 mm. It was specially designed to fit in submarine launch tubes. The missile has a wing span of 3.1 m. It has a launch weight of 2 300 kg. Its is fitted with a 200 kg high explosive warhead. This cruise missile has active radar guidance. The radar has a maximum range of 65 km. The missile travels at an altitude of 20 m above water at a speed of 987 km/h. Before approaching the target it descends to 10 m above the water. Its warhead is released shortly before the impact and travels at supersonic speed of 3 580 km/h in order to evade hostile air defense. This missile is efficient up to a Sea State 6.

   The 3M-54E1 is an anti-ship missile. It is generally similar to the baseline 3M-54E. However it is a shorter 2-stage missile. It is 6.2 m long and has a launch weight of 1 800 kg. It has got no 3rd stage, which separates before the impact, but instead has longer range of 300 km and carries a way more powerful 400 kg warhead. This missile travels 20 m above the water at a speed of 987 km/h.

   The 3M-54KE is a 3-stage anti-ship missile with a releasable 3rd stage. It has a maximum range of 300 km.

   The 3M-54KE1 is a shorter 2-stage anti-ship missile with a 210 kg high explosive warhead. This missile weights 2 500 kg, including its launch container.

  The 3M-14E is a land attack cruise missile. It can be used against various stationary coastal targets and area targets with known coordinates. It can also reportedly engage slow-moving targets. The missile is 6.2 m long and has a launch weight of 1 770 kg. It has a maximum range of 300 km. The 3M-14E missile has radioaltimeter and travels at an altitude of 20 m above water or 50-150 m above ground at a speed of 987 km/h. When approaching the target it descends to 20 m. This missile has inertial guidance with active radar homing and GLONASS or GPS satellite navigation update. It can travel over pre-planned flight path in order to avoid areas with strong enemy air defenses or mountainous terrain. The operator selects flight path for this missile before it is launched. The 3M-14E missile has a 450 kg high explosive warhead. There is also a version of this missile with a cluster warhead, which is effective against large area targets. So this capability of attacking hostile warships, as well as land targets is rather unusual for a coastal defense missile system. The Club-M can be used as a purely ground-launched cruise missile system.

   The 3M-14KE is a land attack cruise missile.

   The 3M-14KE1 is a land attack cruise missile. It weights 2 100 kg, including its launch container.

   As mentioned before, the launcher vehicle can carry 4 or 6 missiles, depending on the type.

   The launcher vehicle is operated by a crew of 3.

   Vehicle is fitted with a YaMZ-846 diesel engine, developing 500 hp. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre pressure system. The tyre pressure is adjusted from the driver's seat. It allows the vehicle to travel over difficult terrain, including sand, mud and snow.

   The launcher vehicle has a brief reaction time. It can prepare for firing within 3 minutes. Out of action time is 2 minutes.

   Each launcher vehicle is supported by an associated reloading vehicle. It is based on the same 8x8 heavy high mobility chassis. The reloading vehicle is fitted with a crane and carries reload missiles. The Club-M battery also includes command post vehicle, which is fitted with a radar and provides target data to launcher vehicle

 

Variants

 

   Kalibr-M is an improved version of the Russian military. It appeared a couple of years later than the Club-M. It can carry more capable missiles. Furthermore its missiles can be fitted with low-yield nuclear warheads. However initially Russian MoD showed little interest in obtaining this missile system.

   Club-K is a containerized missile system. It can carry 4 missiles. The missiles are carried and launched from standard 20" or 40" shipping containers. It uses similar missiles as the Club-M, including 3M-54E, 3M-14E, as well as their variants. It can also used Kh-35UE anti-ship missiles. So the Club-K can also engage sea- and land targets. It was first demonstrated in 2011 and was first tested in 2012. This system is rather versatile as containers with missiles can be carried by ships, rail, trucks or even used as land-based standalone units.

 

Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

Expand image

Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

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Club-M coastal defense missile system

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