Country of origin
India / Russia
3 000 kg
up to 300 kg
Range of fire
290 - 300 km
is a short-range supersonic cruise missile, that can carry nuclear
warhead. It was jointly developed by India and Russia. The BRAHMOS
Aerospace joint venture was established in 1998 and started working
on the project. The acronym BRAHMOS is an abbreviation of two
rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia. The missile
was first test fired in 2001.
entered service with the Indian armed forces in 2006. This missile
has been adopted by Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. Some sources
report that Indian armed forces have a total requirement for about 1
000 of these missiles. This cruise missile is also being proposed
for export customers from 14 countries. Philippine Army has an
acquisition project with India and plans to acquire this weapon by
is based on the Russian
P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise
missile. The missile is 9 m long and has a diameter of 0.7 m. It has
a two-stage propulsion system. It uses solid-fuel rocket booster for
initial acceleration and liquid-fuel ramjet for sustained supersonic
cruise. The booster is ejected by the airflow after it has burned
has a range of 290-300 km. It can carry nuclear warhead, or 200-300
kg conventional warhead. The range is limited to 300 km, as Russia
is a signatory of the Missile Technology Control Regime, which
prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with
ranges above 300 km.
is one of the fastest cruise missiles in the world. It travels at
supersonic speed and can gain a speed of Mach 2.8 (3 430 km/h). This
missile was developed primarily as an anti-ship missile, however
there are also land attack versions. This cruise missile has GPS/GLONASS/GAGAN
satellite guidance. It uses US, Russian or Indian navigation
satellites and has a pin-point accuracy. At a maximum range it can
hit a target as small as 1.5x1.5 m. It is a fire-and-forget type
has the capability to engage targets from a very low altitude. It
uses Russian sea-skimming cruise missile technology and can fly at
altitude from 5 to 14 000 meters. Also it can maneuver at supersonic
speed before hitting the target. Close-in weapon systems might not
against BRAHMOS, as it travels too fast. Also this missile can be
used in electronic countermeasures environment. So it might be a
hard nut for air defense systems to intercept.
has vertical launch configuration. However, if required this missile
can be launched at any angle through 360 degrees.
BRAHMOS is carried and launched from a mobile TEL, base on a Tatra
T816-6MWR8T 12x12 chassis. Vehicle carries 3 missiles. The TEL is
operated by a crew of 3. A typical battery consists of 3-4 launcher
vehicles, command post and associated reloading vehicles. The
BRAHMOS can be also mounted on ships, submarines and carried by aircraft.
Phillipine Army displayed a mockup of the BRAHMOS system, based on a
semi-trailer. It is towed by a Kia KM503 military tractor.
block II is an improved weapon with a new navigation system and
upgraded software. It has a capability of discriminating targets. It
can select a particular target among the group of targets.
block III has even more advanced guidance and upgraded software. The
missile can perform multiple maneuvers at a number of points. Also
it has a steep dive from high altitude capability, which enables it
to engage targets hidden behind a mountain range.
BRAHMOS. In 2014 a naval version of the BRAHMOS missile was first
fired from the Indian Navy frigate. It can be used as anti-ship
missile and hit all classes of warships. Also it can be used against
ground targets. This cruise missile can be installed on submarines.
As of 2015 the submarine-launched version is being tested.
an air-launched version. It is carried by fixed-wing aircraft. It is
9 m long and has a launched weight of 2 500 kg. It can be carried by
an Indian Su-30MKI, however structural changes of the fuselage are
required. The Indian Air Force has already adopted this cruise
missile. In 2020 a Su-30MKI took off from Punjab air base, refueled
in mid air and struck a ship target 4 000 km away.
another air-launched version. However this missile is smaller. It is
6 m long, but has the same range. It can be used by more Indian
aircraft without modifications, such as,
Mirage 2000, and the
Su-30MKI. As of 2015 this missile is still
under development. It is expected to be adopted by 2017.
is a new hypersonic cruise missile, that is currently being
developed by the BRAHMOS Aerospace joint venture. It is a downgraded
export version of the Russian
Tsyrkon. It is planned that
the new missile will attain speed of up to Mach 7 (8 575 km/h). It
is described as one of the fastest cruise missile in the world. It will
have the same range as the BRAHMOS. It is expected to be ready for
testing by 2017.
CX-1 is a
Chinese anti-ship cruise missile. It looks like it is a copy of
either P-800 Oniks or the BRAHMOS.