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9P148

Anti-tank missile carrier

9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

Despite its age the 9P148 missile carrier is still used by a number of countries

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1977 (?)
Crew 2 men (?)
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 7 t
Length 5.75 m
Width 2.35 m
Height (in travelling order) ~ 2.m
Height (in combat order) ~ 2.3 m
Missile
Missile length 1 390 mm
Missile diameter 135 mm
Fin span ?
Missile weight 14.5 kg
Warhead weight 2.7 kg
Warhead type HEAT / tandem HEAT
Range of fire up to 4 km
Guidance Wire-guided
Armor penetration 600-670 mm (9M113), 750-800 mm (9M113M)
Number of missiles carried 15
Mobility
Engine GAZ-41 petrol
Engine power 140 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 10 km/h
Range 750 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.4 m
Trench 1.25 m
Fording Amphibious

 

   The 9P148 is a Soviet anti-tank missile carrier. Unusually this anti-tank vehicle has got no proper name and is referred by its military index designation. It is based on a BRDM-2 armored scout car chassis and is fitted with Konkurs (Western designation AT-5 Spandrel) anti-tank guided missiles. It was a successor to the 9P122 anti-tank missile carrier, which was also based on the BRDM-2 chassis, but packed older and less capable Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger) missiles. The 9P148 was first seen in 1977. This missile carrier was exported to a number of Soviet allies. Despite its age the 9P148 is still used by the Russian military. It is also operational with some former Soviet republics and export operators, including Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Hungary, Moldova, Romania and Slovakia.

   The 9P148 vehicle has five Konkurs missiles in ready-to-launch position on the roof and carries 10 reload missiles internally. When not in use the whole launcher with missiles is retracted inside the hull. The launcher is reloaded under complete armor protection.

   A baseline 9M113 missile has a High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead. It has a range of up to 4 km and penetrates 600-670 mm of steel armor. Also by the time improved 9M113M missiles with tandem HEAT warheads were introduced. These can penetrate 750-800 mm of steel armor behind explosive reactive armor.

   When launched the wire-guide Konkursí missile spins toward the target and emits a red tail light so its course can be followed visually. The operator just has to keep a crosshair on the target, while the missile is guided on the target automatically.

   The Konkurs missiles were widely used on the Soviet BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles and BMD-2 airborne combat vehicles. Alternatively these missiles can be launched from a collapsible tripod-launcher in a concealed position or behind cover. Production of Konkurs missiles reached at least tens of thousands and substantial stocks of these missiles are left.

   The 9P148 is operated by a crew of 2 or 3 men. Armor of this vehicle is rather limited and provides protection only against small arms fire and small caliber artillery fragments.

   Vehicle is powered by a GAZ-41 petrol engine, developing 140 horsepower. The BRDM-2 scout car has a very unusual feature. When travelling off-road four powered belly wheels can be lowered to the ground between the road wheels, thus making it a 8x8 vehicle and increasing its cross-country mobility. Vehicle is also fitted with a central tyre inflation system, which can be adjusted to suit the terrain type being crossed. It improves mobility over difficult terrain such as sand, snow and mud. This missile carrier is also fitted with a self-recovery winch. This vehicle is fully amphibious. Vehicle has a trim vane, which is erected before entering the water. On water the 9P148 is propelled by a waterjet, mounted at the rear of the hull.

   The 9P148 missile launcher never proved itself in battle. There are little records and photographic evidence showing this anti-tank vehicle being used and firing its missiles in anger. Even though it was deployed during numerous conflicts since the late 1970s.

 

Variants

 

   AFT-9 is a Chinese anti-tank missile carrier. It is modeled after the 9P148, though it is not directly related. It is based on a WZ550 armored personnel carrier chassis and has 4 retractable launchers with HJ-9 laser-guided missiles. Another 8 reload missiles are carried inside the hull. These missiles have a range of 5 km and penetrate up to 1 200 mm of steel armor behind explosive reactive armor. The AFT-9 was adopted by the Chinese army in the late 1990s. Overall it is an advanced anti-tank missile system, which is much more capable than the 9P148.

 

 

9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

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9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

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9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

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9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

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9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

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9P148 anti-tank missile carrier

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