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Assault rifle


The Galil employs the same action as Kalashnikov assault rifle, but has a number of improvements

Country of origin Israel
Entered service 1972
Caliber 5.56 x 45 mm NATO
Weight 3.95 kg
Length 979 mm
Length (with folded stock) 742 mm
Barrel length 460 mm
Muzzle velocity 950 m/s
Cyclic rate of fire 650 rpm
Practical rate of fire 40 - 120 rpm
Magazine capacity 35 rounds
Sighting range 500 m
Range of effective fire 500 m


   The Galil assault rifle was developed in the late 1960s. It is named after one of its designers - Yisrael Galil. This weapon is based on the Finnish M62 assault rifle, which in turn is a clone of the Soviet AK-47. However the Galil is chambered for a different cartridge and has a number of other differences. Some sources report that tooling and machinery for production of this weapon were imported from Finland. The Galil was adopted by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in 1972 and was a standard-issue infantry weapon until the early 1990s. This assault rifle is still used in Israel, even though it was largerly replaced by newer designs, such as the TAR-21 and X95. The Galil has been exported to a number of countries. This assault rifle is still used in more than 30 countries. The Galil was, or still is, license-produced in Columbia, Italy, Myanmar, and South Africa.

   The Galil is a gas operated, selective fire weapon. It employs the same action as Kalashnikov assault rifle, but uses a modified gas system of the Finnish M62, which reduces the recoil. It is chambered for a standard NATO 5.56x45 mm ammunition. This version was adopted by the IDF. There is also a version chambered for a standard NATO 7.62x51 mm ammunition.

   Fire mode selector has 3 positions for "safe", "semi-auto" and "full-auto". A charging handle is located on the right side, but it is bent upwards, so the weapon can be charged with either hand.

   The standard 5.56x45 mm version of this weapon is fed from 35-round magazines. It is also compatible with 50-round box magazines, of the Galil ARM light machine gun. There is an optional magazine adapter, which allows to use standard NATO (M16-type) 30-round magazines. The 7.62x51 mm version of the Galil uses 25-round magazines. The 5.56 mm version uses curved magazines, while the 7.62 mm version uses straight box magazines.

   This assault rifle is fitted with a side-folding aluminum stock. It is a clone of the FN FAL Paratrooper stock. Early production versions had a wooden foregrip. Later models were fitted with a polymer one.

   The weapon has diopter-type sights. Sighting range is 500 meters. It can also mount scopes or night vision sights.

   The Galil has a bayonet lug. This assault rifle is capable of launching riffle grenades. For this role a special 12-round magazine with blank cartridges is used.

   This assault rifle became a base for a whole family of infantry weapons.




   Galil AR (Assault Rifle) is a baseline assault rifle.

   Galil SAR (Short Assault Rifle) is a version with a shorter barrel. It is also known as Glilon.

   Galil ARM is a light machine gun version. It comes with a bipod and carrying handle. It is fed from 50-round capacity box magazines, but can also use 35-round magazines of the Galil AR and SAR.

   Galil MAR (Micro Assault Rifle) or Micro Galil, is a compact assault rifle. This weapon has updated design and some new features. One of them is a 3-round burst firing mode.

   Galatz is a designated marksman rifle. The name is a contraction of "Galil Tzalafim", meaning "Galil Sniper" (another common name for this weapon). It has a heavy match-grade barrel. It accepts the same 12- or 25-round magazines of the Galil AR. It is available chambered in 5.56x45 mm NATO, and 7.62x51 mm NATO. This weapon was adopted by the IDF in 1983.

   ACE assault rifle is a new-generation version of the Galil. Originally it was known as Galil ACE. It has some modifications and is made using new materials. This weapon is lighter and more accurate than the original Galil. It is available chambered in 5.56x45 mm NATO, 7.62x51 mm NATO and 7.62x39 mm Russian ammunition.

   Bernardelli VB-STR and VB-SR are Italian clones of the Galil. The VB-SR has a different magazine well and accepts all standard NATO (M16-type) magazines.

   Vektor R4 is a South African license-produced version of the Galil ARM light machine gun.

   MA-1 is a Myanma-made clone of the Galil.

   Golani is a civilian version, produced in the USA.




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