Country of origin
12.7x99 mm (.50 BMG)
Weight (unloaded, without scope)
1 448 mm
15 580 Joules
~ 2 000 m
Range of effective fire
1 000 m
Maximum effective range
1 800 m
1.5 - 2 MOA
The Barrett M82 is a semi-automatic anti-material rifle,
designed and developed by Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company.
This company was
founded by Ronnie Barrett. This weapon is
very popular. It is used by armed forces and special operation units from
nearly 60 countries. As of 2017 this weapon is still in production. In some countries this anti-material rifle is
used as a long-range anti-personnel sniper weapon.
of this powerful anti-material rifle began in the early 1980s. Working versions
were ready by 1982, hence the designation M82. It is worth noting
that the M82 is a company designation, rather than a US military
designation. The Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company developed and manufactured every part
of this weapon on its own. In 1986, and improved M82A1 version was
introduced. The company successfully sold 100 rifles to Swedish
Armed Forces in
1989. In 1990-1991 US Marine Corps obtained around 125 of these
rifles. Soon followed orders from the US Army and Air Force. Today
this anti-material rifle is in service with nearly 60 countries
and used by military and law enforcement forces.
M82 is primarily used as anti-material weapon. This rifle was designed to destroy sensitive enemy
equipment at long distances, which traditionally would have required
rocket launchers, recoilless rifles, anti-tank missiles, mortars, or
even artillery to engage. These include parked aircraft, radar units,
lightly-armored vehicles, trucks, pillboxes, fuel silos and various
other important assets at long range. It is also used for remote
destruction of explosive ordnance.
Despite its anti-material
origins, the Barrett M82 is also used as a
long-range sniper rifle. It can neutralize enemy snipers at standoff
range. The rifle can be also used to hit enemy soldiers, that are
hiding behind cover and walls, as its powerful ammunition can
penetrate through bricks and concrete. These make the Barrett M82
ideal for raids, special forces applications, harassment of enemy
forces, and interdiction missions.
Barrett M82 is not among the longest range sniper rifles in the
world, a couple of long-range kills were made using this weapon. In
2004 American sniper Brian Kremer made a record kill in Iraq from 2
300 meters using his M82A1 rifle. In 2008 another American sniper
Nicholas Ranstad made a kill in Afghanistan from 2 092 meters using
his M82A1 rifle. So far these two are the longest range kills made
by the Barrett M82 series rifles. However this weapon is typically
used out to a range of around 900-1 000 meters.
The Barrett M82 is
a recoil-operated semi-automatic weapon. It is chambered for
powerful 12.7x99 mm (.50 BMG) ammunition. This ammunition was
originally developed for and used in
heavy machine gun. Sometimes the Barrett M82 is referred as "Light
Fifty" for its cartridge.
has a unique recoil reduction mechanism. The muzzle brake is said to absorb 70% of the recoil.
reduces the forces acting on internal mechanisms and the shooter.
has a manual thumb-lever safety.
This weapon is fed from
10-round detachable magazines.
M82 was often fitted with Leupold 10x magnification scope. This
weapon can be also used with night vision scopes. There is a flip-up
iron sight for emergency use in case of scope damage. Modern
variants have a Picatinny-type scope rail on top of the receiver.
The M82 is
fully capable of hitting a human-sized target consistently with the
first round fired at 1 000 m (and has done so on an almost daily basis in
some instances), and possibly even out to 2 000 m.
Barrett M82 has a built-in carrying handle, while the modern
versions come with quick-detachable one. This rifle also has a
detachable bipod. This weapon can be fitted with carry sling. However
due to its size the Barrett M82 is usually carried in special case.
As of 2017 the unit cost of the rifle ranges from $9 100 to
$12 000, depending on configuration.
M82A1 is an improved version. It was introduced in 1986. This version was
fitted with flip-up iron sights for emergency use and has a larger
muzzle brake. This weapon can be mounted on the M3 and M122 infantry
tripods, originally intended for machine guns.
M82A1M is a further improved version, developed for the US military. It has a
long Picatinny-type rail on top of the receiver and can accept
various scopes. This weapon also has a rear grip and monopod socket.
M82A2 version with a bullpup layout. It was introduced in 1987. This
version was designed to be fired from the shoulder, against
helicopters. However it was not a success and production was stopped
M82A3 is a
US Marine Corps designation of the Barrett M82A1M. It is also
officially referred as Special Applications Scoped Rifle. The US
Marine Corps obtained significant number of these rifles. This
action during Operations Desert Shield, Desert Storm, and the War in Afghanistan.
In 2004 the US Marine Corps' sniper Steve Reichert made a kill in
Iraq from 1 614 meters using his M82A3 rifle.
M107 is a US
Army's designation of the Barrett M82A1M. It was adopted in 2002. It uses a Leupold
Mk.4 scope with 4.5-14x magnification. In the US Army it is
officially referred as Long-Range Sniper Rifle. Production of this
weapon ceased in 2010. The M107A1 is a commercial
version, produced since 2011.
Article by RAHUL SINGH DHARIH DHARI
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