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EBG

Armored engineer vehicle

EBG armored engineer vehicle

The EBG is a French engineer vehicle, based on the AMX-30 tank

 
 
Country of origin France
Entered service 1989
Crew 3
Dimensions and weight
Weight 38 t
Length 8.29 m
Width 3.35 m
Height 2.94 m
Performance
Lifting capacity ?
Winch capacity 15 - 20 t
Earth working capacity 200 m/h
Armament
Demolition gun 142 mm (with 5 demolition shells)
Machine gun 1 x 7.62 mm
Mobility
Engine Hispano-Suiza HS-110
Engine power 720 hp
Maximum road speed 65 km/h
Range 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.9 m
Trench 2.9 m
Fording 1.3 m
Fording (with preparation) ~ 4 m

 

   The AMX-30 Engin Blinde du Genie, or EBG is a French armored engineer vehicle. This vehicle is often called the EBG. It is based on an AMX-30B2 main battle tank chassis. Also it shares some similarities with the AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle. Its development began during the late 1980s. It was designed to replace the previous VCG armored engineer vehicle, based on the AMX-13 light tank chassis and dated back to the 1970s. The EBG was rushed into service by the French Army in 1989 to participate in the Gulf War. However it turned out that the design was still raw and needed improvement. Deliveries to the French Army commenced in the early 1990s. In French service the EBG is used by engineer regiments. A total of 71 EGB armored engineer vehicles were built. In 2006 a program was launched to upgrade and repurpose some of the EGBs. Eventually more than half of them were converted to fulfill different roles. France completely retired its AMX-30 series tanks in 2011. However the armored engineer vehicle remained in service, though numbers were reducing. In 2018 only 18 upgraded armored engineer vehicles were in operational service while some more were kept in long term storage. These vehicles are planned to remain in service until 2025, when a new armored engineer vehicle should be introduced.

   The main role of this vehicle is clearing routes and counter-mobility operations. For its roles EBG is fitted with a demolition gun, dozer blade, manipulator arm, mine-laying launchers and 15-20 t capacity winch.

   The dozer blade is used to clear obstacles from the roads, fill ditches and anti-tank trenches. The EGB can also dig ditches and prepare emplacements.

   The manipulator arm can lift and move various objects, such as anti-tank hedgehogs. It also has a function of drilling.

   Vehicle is armed with a 142 mm demolition gun. It fires demolition shells with 10 kg explosive charges and has a range of 300 meters. It is used to destroy buildings, bunkers and field fortifications. A total of 5 demolition shells are carried. Also there are 4 anti-tank mine launchers next to the demolition gun. These launchers use special cluster munitions, each with 5 anti-tank mines, and have a range of 250 meters. So this vehicle can rapidly lay anti-tank mines. A total of 12 mine-launching containers. Reload munitions with anti-tank mines are stored in the box at the rear of the hull.

   There is a 7.62 mm machine gun for self-defense.

   Vehicle has NBC protection system for the crew and can operate in a contaminated environment.

   This armored engineer vehicle is operated by a crew of 3, including commander, driver and operator.

   This machine was originally powered by a Hispano-Suiza HS-110 diesel engine, developing 720 hp. However between 1997 and 1998 it was replaced by a Mack E9 diesel engine, developing 750 hp. Interestingly this vehicle carries 990 liters of fuel and 90 liters of coolant. This vehicle is fitted with a deep wading kit.

 

Variants

 

   EBG F1 is an original version. A total of 71 vehicles were made.

   EBG SDPMAC is a minefield breaching vehicle. It lacks a manipulator arm, but is fitted with Israeli CARPET launcher and 20 rockets. It creates safe lanes in minefields for other vehicles to pass. It clears a 100 m long lane, which is 8-10 meters wide. This vehicle retains its dozer blade. It was adopted in 2008. A total of 12 EGBs were converted to this standard. In 2018 only 6 of these vehicles were operational and the other were kept in long term storage.

   EBG VAL is a modernized version. Letters "VAL" in the designation stand for Valorized, or modernized. It is also referred as the EBG R2. It is fitted with add-on armor for improved ballistic protection and some other improvements. A total of 30 previous EGB F1 vehicles were upgraded to this standard. It was adopted by the French Army in 2011. In 2018 only 18 of these vehicles were operational and the other were kept in long term storage. It is planned that these will remain in service until 2025.

   EBG Vulcain is a recent version, fitted with an excavator arm instead of manipulator arm. The first unit was delivered to the French Army in 2020. Another 3 Vulcains were planned to be delivered in 2021.

 

 

 
EBG armored engineer vehicle

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EBG armored engineer vehicle

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EBG armored engineer vehicle

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EBG armored engineer vehicle

Expand image

EBG armored engineer vehicle

Expand image

EBG armored engineer vehicle

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EBG armored engineer vehicle

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