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AMX-30D

Armored recovery vehicle

AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

At the time of its introduction the AMX-30D was one of the most advanced machines of its time

 
 
Country of origin France
Entered service 1973
Crew 3 - 4
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 35 t
Length 7.53 m
Width 3.15 m
Height 2.65 m
Performance
Lifting capacity 12 t
Winch capacity 35 t
Towed load ~ 40 t
Earth working capacity ~ 200 m/h
Armament
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm
Mobility
Engine Hispano-Suiza HS-110
Engine power 720 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 650 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.93 m
Trench 2.9 m
Fording 1.3 m
Fording (with preparation) ~ 4 m

 

   The AMX-30D is a French armored recovery vehicle. Its French designation is AMX-30 Char de Depannage, or literally assistance tank. It was designed to support the AMX-30 tanks and other armored vehicles. It was the first mass produced variant of the AMX-30, adopted in 1973. At the time of its introduction it was one of the most advanced armored recovery vehicles. Production continued until 1981. A total of 145 units were delivered to the French Army. Another 90 were built for the export customers who obtained the AMX-30 tanks. Operators included Greece (14 units), Qatar (1), Spain (10), United Arab Emirates (4), Venezuela (4). Saudi Arabia was the largest export operator with 57 AMX-30Ds. The AMX-30D was well regarded in service. A number of them were rebuilt in order to extend their service lives. France completely retired its AMX-30 series tanks in 2011 and replaced them with Leclercs. Even though only 20 Leclerc DCL recovery vehicles were ordered by the French Army, the AMX-30D was not capable of towing or recovering the Leclerc due to its increased weight. Still though at the time 58 AMX-30D recovery vehicles remained in service with French artillery and engineer regiments. Currently the AMX-30D is still in service with some of the export operators.

   This vehicle has 3 basic tasks, including recovery of disabled and damaged vehicles, field repairs and engineer tasks. It is based on the AMX-30 chassis. Hull of the AMX-30 tank was substantially modified. The turret has been replaced with a superstructure and specialized equipment was added.

   The hydraulic crane is used to replace the powerpacks of the tanks. It has a 12 t lifting capacity and can be also used for various other lifting operations. The crane can traverse through 240 degrees. If required the crane could lift up to 15 t directly in front of the vehicle.

   The main recovery winch can pull 35 t and has 90 meters of cable. There is also an auxiliary 3 t capacity winch.

   A front-mounted dozer blade is used for various earthmoving operations. This vehicle can dig firing emplacements, fill ditches, clear obstacles. The dozer blade is also used as a ground anchor to stabilize the vehicle during lifting and craning operations.

   Vehicle carries both rigid towing bars for towing immobile vehicles and non-rigid towing cables. Also it carried welding equipment and various tools for field repairs.

   Some sources report that the superstructure of the AMX-30D was only lightly armored. That's considering that the AMX-30 was regarded as the least protected main battle tank ever built. This recovery vehicle used a complete commander's cupola from the AMX-30 tank, allowing a panoramic view. Vehicle is armed with a single 7.62 mm machine gun for self-defense. It is installed in the cupola and controlled by the vehicle commander.

  This vehicle is operated by a crew of 3 or 4, including driver, vehicle commander and one or two mechanics.

   Vehicle is powered by Hispano-Suiza HS-110 multi-fuel diesel engine, developing 720 hp. Engine is mated to an automatic transmission with 5-forward and 5-reverse speeds. This vehicle has the same reverse speed as forward. Interestingly this vehicle carries 1 100 liters of fuel. The AMX-30D can be fitted with a deep wading kit. It is capable of submerged river crossings. This armored recovery vehicle can follow the AMX-30 tanks anywhere on the battlefield.

 

Variants

 

   AMX-30D(S) is an export version, optimized for operation in hot weather environment. These recovery vehicles have sand shields over the tracks and modified gearboxes. Engine was derated to 620 hp in order to extend its service life. The AMX-30D(S) were exported to the Middle East.

   AMX-30DI was an improved version with a more powerful crane. Its crane had a 15 t lifting capacity and still could slew the load through 240. First prototype was completed in 1974. However it is unknown if this variant was produced in quantity.

 

 

 
AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle

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