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Type 89

120 mm tank destroyer

Type 89 tank destroyer

The Chinese Type 89 tank destroyer was built only in small numbers

Country of origin China
Entered service 1988 ~ 1990
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 31 t
Length (gun forward) ?
Hull length 6.88 m
Width 3.24 m
Height ?
Main gun 120 mm smoothbore
Barrel length 50 calibers
Machine guns 1 x 12.7 mm, 1 x 7.62 mm
Projectile weight ?
Maximum firing range 9 km
Maximum rate of fire 10 rpm
Elevation range - 8 to + 18 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 30 rounds
Machine guns ?
Engine 12150L diesel
Engine power 520 hp
Maximum road speed 55 km/h
Range 450 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.7 m
Trench 2.7 m
Fording 1.3 m


   The Type 89 tank destroyer is also referred as the PTZ89. The first prototype was completed in 1984. Initial batch production began in 1988. The Type 89 entered service with the Chinese Army in late 1980s. Only a small number of these vehicles was delivered. It is estimated that over 100 of these tank destroyers were built before production ceased in the mid 1990s. It was a successful design, however the end of Cold War demanded new generation of lighter, smarter and more mobile weapon systems.

   The Type 89 is armed with a 120 mm/L50 smoothbore gun, fitted with a semi-automatic gun loader. This gun was originally developed for a third-generation main battle tank programme, however it failed to meet the requirements. A more capable 125 mm smoothbore gun was selected. Further development of the 120 mm gun led to the Type 89 tank destroyer. This 120 mm gun is not stabilized, so the Type 89 cannot fire accurately on the move. Vehicle fires APFSDS, HE, HE-FRAG and HEAT rounds. Maximum range of fire is 9 km with a high explosive round and 2.5 km with APFSDS rounds. A rear hatch is provided for rapid ammunition loading.

   Secondary armament consists of a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and a 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun, mounted on top of the roof.

   The Type 89 has a simple fire control system, which has a laser rangefinder input and a night vision capability.

   The Type 89 has a relatively thin armor (less than 50 mm). It protects against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. An NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems are fitted as standard.

   Vehicle has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   The Type 89 tank destroyer uses the Type 321 tracked utility chassis. This chassis is used by a number of China's self-propelled artillery systems. Vehicle is powered by a 12150L turbocharged diesel engine, developing 520 hp.



Type 89 tank destroyer

Type 89 tank destroyer

Type 89 tank destroyer

Type 89 tank destroyer

Type 89 tank destroyer


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