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Infantry fighting vehicle


The CV90 infantry fighting vehicle is armed with a powerful 40 mm cannon

Country of origin Sweden
Entered service 1993
Crew 3 men
Personnel 8 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 22.4 t
Length 6.47 m
Width 3.1 m
Height 2.5 m
Main gun 40 mm cannon
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm
Engine Scania DS14 diesel
Engine power 550 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 5 km/h
Range 300 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 1.2 m
Trench 2.9 m
Fording 1.4 m
Fording (after preparation) Amphibious


   The Stridsfordon 90 or Combat Vehicle 90 was developed in Sweden in the mid 1980s to meet operational requirements of the Swedish army. This Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) was co-developed by Bofors and Hagglunds, where Bofors was responsible for development of the turret, armament and final assembly, while the Hagglunds provided chassis and armored hull. In 1991 Swedish army ordered the CV9040. Deliveries commenced in 1993. The CV90 is currently in service with Sweden (509), Denmark (45), Finland (102), Netherlands (193), Norway (146) and Switzerland (186). Swedish CV90s are armed with 40 mm cannon, while all export models are fitted with 30 mm or 35 mm cannons. Production of the CV90 continues to improved standards. New versions continue to emerge. By 2020 there were 16 variants of the CV90, modified to fulfill various roles. Over 1 000 vehicles were built to date. This IFV has seen combat in Afghanistan.

   Even though the CV90 is being offered since the early 1990s and the basic design is nearly 30 years old. However protection of this IFV was constantly improved in order to address evolving threats. Newer versions also incorporate advancements in weapons, fire control and electronic systems. The CV90 series IFVs that are currently offered are significantly improved comparing with the original CV9040 that was delivered back in 1993.

   The CV90 has a welded steel armor hull. It is claimed that the front arc of the CV90 withstands hits from 30 mm armor-piercing rounds, used by the older Russian IFVs and ACVs. All-round protection is against 14.5 mm armor-piercing rounds. Latest versions of the CV90 withstand mine blasts equivalent to 10 kg of TNT. Appliqué ceramic armor can be added to later production models for all-round protection against 30 mm armor-piercing rounds and improved protection against blasts and improvised explosive devices. A slat armor can be fitted for protection against tandem-charge RPG rounds. Interior of the CV90 is lined with Kevlar liner to prevent spalling. Vehicle is also fitted with NBC protection system.

   The main armament of the CV90 IFV is a Bofors 40 mm cannon, which is a modified anti-aircraft gun, developed in the early 1950s. This gun proved to be a very successful design. Even now it can easily defeat pretty much all armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles. It also poses threat to older tanks such as the T-55 and T-62. This 40 mm cannon is fed from 24-round capacity the box magazines. Magazines are reloaded manually within 20 seconds. It is worth noting that first batch of vehicles for the Swedish Army had no gun stabilization system, and thus cold not fire accurately on the move. Export versions of the CV90 are armed with 30 mm or 35 mm cannons. There is also a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and a 71 mm mortar.

   This IFV was specially designed to minimize radar and infra-red signatures. It also uses heat-absorbing filters to provide protection against thermal imaging, image intensifiers and infra-red cameras. Vehicle also has quiet movement in order to improve stealth.

   The CV90 carries eight troops plus three crew members. Troops enter and leave the vehicle threw the rear doors and roof hatches. There are no firing ports provided for the crew in attempt to increase armored protection. Furthermore it is considered in Sweden that an IFV must transport troops only to the battlefield, where troops leave the vehicle and fight on foot.

   The CV90 is powered by a Scania DS14 diesel engine, developing 550 hp. Maximum road range on of first production vehicles was only 300 km. On later models it has been increased to 600 km. With preparation this IFV is amphibious.




   CV9040 original variant, fitted with a 40 mm cannon. It is in service with Sweden and was not exported. This vehicle had a non-stabilized cannon, hence it could not fire accurately on them move. Also this IFV had limited night fighting capability. The CV9040 was just an early production model. Since its introduction the CV90 series was constantly improved. Newer models are fitted with fully-stabilized cannons, more advanced fire control systems and sights.

   CV9040B improved variant, fitted with a fully-stabilized cannon. In service with Sweden.

   CV9040C uparmored variant, intended for peacekeeping operations. In service with Sweden.

   CV9030 export variant, fitted with a 30 mm Bushmaster II cannon. In service with Finland, Norway and Switzerland.

   CV9035 export variant, fitted with a 35 mm Bushmaster III cannon. It is in service with Denmark and the Netherlands. The Bushmaster III dual-feed automatic cannon fires at a rate of 150-200 rounds per minute. Its High-Explosive (HE) projectile weights 550 g and has significant destructive power. An armor-piercing projectile penetrates nearly 50 mm or rolled homogenous armor at a range of 3 000 m. Tests concluded that the Bushmaster III can easily penetrate front armor with add-on armor kit of the Russian BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle. This gun can also fire new programmable ammunition. Dutch gunners of the CV9035 proved that the Bushmaster III gun is accurate even beyond the 3 000 m range. Two 35-round belts with different type of ammunition are loaded in the gun and are ready to fire. Another 140 rounds of ammunition are stored inside the vehicle.

   CV90105 light tank, fitted with GIAT TML 105 turret, armed with a 105 mm gun.

   CV90105 light tank, fitted with CMI Defence XC-8 concept turret, armed with a 105 mm gun.

   CV90120-T light tank, fitted with a 120 mm smoothbore gun.

   LvKv 90 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun, fitted with a 40 mm gun. In service with Sweden.

   SLPBV 3011 command vehicle.

   Forward observation vehicle.

   BgBv90 armored recovery vehicle. In service with Sweden.

   GRKPBV 901020 was a prototype mortar system with AMOS turret. It used two 120 mm breech-loaded mortars. Only 2 of these artillery systems were ordered by the Swedish military. These were delivered in 2007. Though there were no further orders.

   GRKPBV 90 is another self-propelled mortar system, adopted by the Swedish military. It uses a Mjolner turret with two 120 mm mortars. A total of 40 units were ordered by the Swedish military. Deliveries commenced in 2019.

   CV9056 prototype fitted with additional BILL anti-tank missiles.

   CV90 Armadillo heavy armored personnel carrier.




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