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BTR-80A

Armored personnel carrier

BTR-80A APC

The BTR-80A armored personnel carrier is armed with externally mounted 30 mm cannon

 
 
Country of origin Russia
Entered service 1994
Crew 3 men
Personnel 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 14.4 - 14.55 t
Length 7.7 m
Width 2.95 m
Height 2.8 m
Armament
Main gun 30 mm cannon
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm
Elevation range - 5 to + 70 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 300 rounds
Machine guns 2 000 rounds
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-238M2 diesel
Engine power 240 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 10 km/h
Range 600 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.5 m
Trench 2 m
Fording Amphibious

 

   The BTR-80A Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) is an improved version of the BTR-80. The BTR-80A has a more powerful armament than its predecessor. It follows the line of Russian 8x8 wheeled armored personnel carriers. It is claimed that a small scale production of this APC began in 1994. It was an intermediate design between the BTR-80 and more advanced BTR-90. First export customer of this APC was Sudan (33 units). Currently the BTR-80A is also in service with Hungary (178), Indonesia (12), North Korea, and possibly some other countries.

   This armored vehicle is fitted with externally-mounted 30 mm cannon and coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. This dual-fed cannon uses High Explosive Fragmentation (HE-FRAG) and Armor-Piercing Tracer (AP-T) rounds. Maximum range of fire with the AP-T rounds is 2 km (day) and 800 m (night). The main gun can effectively engage most lightly armored vehicles. High elevation angle allows to use these weapons against low-flying air targets. It was a huge improvement over the original BTR-80, which uses a 14.5 mm heavy machine gun and coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun.

   Front armor of the BTR-80A APC protects against 12.7 mm rounds. All-round protection is against 7.62 mm rounds and artillery shell splinters. By modern standards such protection is rather weak. Though the BTR-80A is an armored transport vehicle, and was never intended for active combat role. Collective NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems are fitted as standard. Six 81 mm smoke grenade dischargers are fitted to the turret.

   Vehicle has a crew of 3 and can carry 7 dismounts. Soldiers enter and leave the vehicle through side doors or roof hatches. Passengers can fire their individual weapons from inside the armored hull. Each passenger is provided with firing port and periscope for aiming.

   The BTR-80A APC is powered by the YaMZ-238M2 diesel engine, developing 240 hp. Engine is mated to a manual transmission. This armored personnel carrier is fitted with a central tyre inflation system and self-recovery winch as standard. Vehicle can be fitted with run-flat tyres. Once fitted with these tyres this APC can travel several thousand kilometers with multiple tyre shots and absence of pressure in the tyres. Furthermore this APC can travel with any two if its wheels missing. Mobility of this armored vehicle allows to operate alongside tanks, though it looses in terms of off-road performance to tracked armored personnel carriers.

   Vehicle is fully amphibious. On water it is propelled by a waterjet, located at the hull rear.

 

Variants

 

   BTR-80AK command version.

   BTR-80M, Hungarian version with improved sights, radio and NBC protection system. Hungary obtained these armored vehicles in exchange for Russian government debt.

   BTR-80S, armed with externally-mounted 14.5 mm heavy machine gun and coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun.

   BRDM-3 armored reconnaissance vehicle.

   BTR-82 is version of the BTR-80A, revealed in 2009. It was developed largely as a complement (and a stop-gap) for a BTR-90, which development has been long, troubled and expensive and which eventually never reached mass production. The BTR-82 is similar to the BTR-80A, but has some minor improvements. It is powered by a new KamAZ diesel engine, developing 300 hp. It also has a new transmission and suspension. It has a slightly improved armor protection as well. The BTR-82 was adopted by the Russian Army in 2011. Since 2010 Russian Army stopped purchasing the older BTR-80 APCs. Currently the BTR-82 is being obtained as a temporarily measure, until a new-generation Bumerang armored personnel carrier is available. This armored vehicle has been exported to some countries, including Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.

 

 

 

 
BTR-80A APC

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BTR-80A APC

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BTR-80A APC

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BTR-80A APC

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BTR-80M APC

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BTR-80M APC

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BTR-80M APC

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BTR-80M APC

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