Country of origin
Dimensions and weight
Weight (maximum take off)
Engines and performance
2 x Saturn AL-31F turbofans
Traction (dry / with afterburning)
2 x 74.5 / 123 kN
2 120 km/h
3 000 km
1 x 30 mm cannon (150 rounds)
R-27ER, R-27ET, R-73E, R-77 air-to-air missiles;
Kh-31P, Kh-31A,Kh-29T, Kh-29L, Kh-59ME air-to-surface missiles
KAB-500KR, KAB-1500KR laser-guided bombs,
FAB-500T, OFAB-250-270 free-fall bombs, cluster and nuclear bombs
The Su-30 is
a two-seat multi-role fighter variant of the
Su-27. Initially it was known as Su-27PU. It evolved form the Su-27UB
two-seat combat trainer version, but was fitted with new avionics
and had an added ground attack capability. Essentially it was
an improved capability variant of the Su-27. This
aircraft made its maiden flight in 1986. Production began in
1992. It was renamed the Su-30 only in 1996. Its reporting name in
the West is Flanker-C. To date more than 200 of these aircraft have been built
in Russia. Also India produces a version this aircraft locally under
Su-30 is currently used by the Russian Air Force. However only several
original Su-30 aircraft are operational. Recently Russia is
obtaining a newer version of this aircraft - the Su-30SM.
received a number of export orders. Variants
of this aircraft have been exported to Algeria, Angola, Armenia, China, India,
Malaysia and Venezuela, Vietnam and Uganda.
The Su-30 retains the Su-27s basic layout, construction of the
airframe, engines, most of its wing structure, tail and substantial
part of onboard equipment. Some versions of the Su-30 use canards and thrust-vectoring
engines for improved
maneuverability. This aircraft also has a long-range phased-array
radar. In terms of capabilities the Su-30 is broadly similar to the
F-15E Strike Eagle.
aircraft is armed with a built-in 30-mm GSh-301 cannon with 150
rounds of ammunition. It has a number of underwing hardpoints and
can carry up to 8 000 kg of ordnance including air-to-air and
air-to-surface missiles, cluster and laser-guided bombs, or unguided
rockets. It is worth noting that the original Su-27PU had 8
hardpoints, while improved Su-30MK has 12.
The Su-30 is
powered by two Saturn AL-31F afterburning turbofan engines.
This aircraft has long
range. With normal fuel reserves it has a range of 3 000 km and can
perform a 4-5 hour combat mission. Furthermore it has an in-flight
refueling probe, so the range can be increased to 5 200 km and
flight duration to up to 10 hours.
There are numerous versions of the Su-30. Some of them were
specially tailored to meet requirements of particular customers. So
performance and capabilities slightly varies from version to
Export version. It has been exported to India.
Upgrade project for operational two-seat fighters, the Su-27UB,
Su-30 and Su-30K. This program was cancelled with only a prototype
built. Later it was revised as Su-30M2.
Improved export version. It was first revealed in 1993.
Improved export version for India.
It was jointly developed with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
Its reporting name in the
West is Flanker-H.
This aircraft uses some of the cancelled
Su-37 technology, such as the thrust vectoring engines,
radar systems and avionics. Its avionics was sourced from India,
Russia, France and Israel. Russia delivered the first aircraft but
later this aircraft was license-produced locally by HAL. As of 2015
India operated around 200 of these aircraft. However the Su-30MKI
fighter was notorious for crashes. By 2019 India lost 11 Su-30MKI.
Su-30MKM. Improved export version for Malaysia. It is a derivative
of the Su-30MKI, but lacks canards. This aircraft uses a number of
subsystems from other countries. First aircraft were delivered in
2007. As of 2015 Malaysia operates 18 of these aircraft.
Su-30MKA. Improved export version for Algeria. It lacks canards and
is fitted with French and Russian avionics. A total of 58 of these
aircraft were ordered.
Improved export version for China. It is used by Chinese air force.
Its reporting name in the West is Flanker-G. In Chinese Air Force
use these aircraft for the long-range strike role. By 2012 China
operated 76 of these aircraft. This version has also been exported
an improved export version. It is a further development of the
Su-30MKK. It has been exported to China (used by naval aviation). By 2012 a total of 24 were in service
with China. This fighter plane has
also been exported to Venezuela, Vietnam and Uganda. This aircraft
an improved export version for Venezuela. It evolved from the
upgraded version, based on the Su-30MK2. Russian Air Force ordered
20 of these aircraft. By 2014 at least 12 were produced.
Su-30SM is a
multi-role fighter, used by the Russian Air Force and Naval
Aviation. It is an improved variant of the Su-30MKI with an improved
radar, weapons systems, communication system and ejection seats. It
made its first flight in 2012. Russia ordered a number of these
aircraft. By 2015 at least 39 were delivered. The
Su-30SM has been exported to Kazakhstan. By 2015 at least 4 of these
aircraft were delivered.
a Chinese twin seat multi-role fighter, produced by Shenyang
Aircraft Corporation. Even though it is not direct derivative of the
Su-30, but is very similar in form and function. It is an advanced
J-11 air superiority fighter (China's version of the Su-27), but
fitted with indigenous electronics.