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Ilyushin Il-38

Maritime patrol, anti-submarine warfare and anti-shipping aircraft

Ilyushin Il-38 May

The Ilyushin Il-38 maritime patrol aircraft still remains in use with Russian naval aviation

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1968
Crew 7 - 10 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 39.6 m
Wing span 37.42 m
Height 10.16 m
Weight (empty) 33.7 t
Weight (maximum take off) 63.5 t
Engines and performance
Engines 4 x ZMDB Progress AI-20M turboprops
Traction (dry / with afterburning) 4 x 4 190 hp
Maximum speed 650 km/h
Service ceiling 10 km
Range 9 500 km
Combat radius 2 200 km
Endurance 12 hours
Armament
Torpedoes AT-2 homing torpedoes
Bombs yes
Other mines, depth charges

 

   Ilyushin's Il-18 was a major milestone in the development of Soviet commercial aviation. Its performance, capacity and reliability made it an obvious choice for adaptation of redundant airframes for military roles. The first cush conversion was the Il-20M (Western reporting name Coot-A) dedicated strategic electronic intelligence (ELINT) and radar reconnaissance aircraft. Fitted with a side-looking airborne radar, cameras and other optical sensors, the Il-20M can be regarded as the Soviet answer to the Boeing RC-135 series.

   The Il-22 (Coot-B) airborne command post variant was developed by the Myasischev design bureau and is available in two versions: the Il-18Ds and new-build aircraft.

   Four Il-20RTs built as dedicated tracking aircraft for space flight support remain in Russian air force and naval aviation as trainers and transports.

   Il-18Ds and reconverted Il-22s also serve as staff/VIP transports.

   The Il-38 (Western reporting name May) long-range maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare aircraft entered service in 1968. Production comprised up to 65 aircraft. Search sensors include a Berkut STS (Western reporting name Wet Eye) search radar and associated sonobuoys and a tail-mounted APM-73 magnetic anomaly detector. The May also carried out maritime search and rescue and reconnaissance roles for which some aircraft were retrofitted with the Vishnya Comint system. Most of the former Soviet Il-38s remain in use with the Russian naval aviation. The sole export operator was the Indian Navy which received five Il-38s to equip INAS 315 Sqn at Dabolim. In 1999 the Indian Mays received an upgraded mission avionics/ESM suite - possibly the Morskoy Zmey search and targeting system developed by the Leninets Holding Company. With continuing operation of the Tu-142 (Western reporting name Bear-F) long-range anti-submarine warfare aircraft, Russian Il-38s may adopt a shorter-range role, and due to their excellent reliability and safety record.

   By 2018 both Russian and Indian Il-38s aircraft were still in active service despite their age.

 

 

 
 
Ilyushin Il-38 May

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Ilyushin Il-38 May

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Ilyushin Il-38 May

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