Country of origin
Dimensions and weight
Weight (maximum take off)
Engines and performance
2 x Pratt & Whitney F100-P-220 turbofans
Traction (dry / with afterburning)
2 x 65.26 / 106.0 kN
2 655 km/h
1 967 km
1 x M61 20 mm cannon with 940 rounds
AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-range air-to-air missiles, AIM-7 Sparrow
and AIM-9M Sidewinder short-range air-to-air missiles
In 1967 the Soviet Union
revealed a new
MiG-25 high-speed and high-altitude interceptor, which had
appearance led to serious concerns throughout the Department of
Defense that the US was being outclassed. Also there were some other
new Soviet developments that posed threat. A new fighter was
required, that could meet expected performance of the MiG-25.
In 1968 four US companies submitted their proposals for a new
air-to-air fighter. These included General Dynamics, Fairchild
Republic, North American Rockwell and McDonnell Douglas. In 1969 the
US Air Force selected the McDonnell Douglas design, which resembled
Tomcat, but had fixed wings.
The F-15 Eagle made its first flight in 1972. It was the first
USAF's dedicated air superiority fighter since the F-86 Sabre. It
the world's premier air-to-air fighter. Although now in service for
over 40 years, it remains a formidable warplane, as attested by its
claim to 36 of the 39 USAF aerial victories in Desert Storm, without
a single combat loss.
The USAF has around 500 F-15s; active-duty
units operate F-15C/Ds while the Air National Guard squadrons are equipped largely with
older F-15A/Bs. Due to its capabilities this advanced fighter was exported only to trusted
including Israel, Japan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and South
It is an air-superiority fighter, designed to gain and
maintain air supremacy.
Originally the F-15 Eagle was armed with
AIM-7 Sparrow short- and medium-range air-to-air missiles and
improved versions of
AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range air-to-air missiles. There was also
an M61 20 mm cannon with 940 rounds of ammunition.
Initially these fighters were fitted with two Pratt & Whitney F100
series engines. On newer versions these were replaced by General
Electric F110 turbofans.
Multi-Stage Improvement II upgrade for F-15C/Ds added APG-70 radar,
compatibility with new
medim-range air-to-air missiles, improved electronic counter measures equipment and the
joint tactical information datalink system. The F-15A/Bs gained elements of the
Multi-Stage Improvement II, as well as improved Dash 220E engines.
Their radars were upgraded to APG-63(V)1 standard that
incorporates features of the APG-70.
The F-15 was a very advanced fighter for its time. Though it was too
expensive to be produced in large numbers. So eventually a
Lightweight Fighter program was started, which led to the
introduction of the
Fighting Falcon multi-role fighter, which was smaller, less
expensive, but also less capable.
F-15A is an initial single-seat fighter. It made its first flight in
1972. A total of 384 of these fighters were built between 1972 and
F-15B is a twin-seat training version. Initially it was known as
TF-15. It made its first flight in 1973. A total of 61 of these
aircraft were build when production switched to improved version in
F-15C is an improved single-seat version. It made its first flight
and entered production in 1978. The F-15C carried more internal fuel
and had provision to carry 3 external fuel tanks. A total of 483 of
these fighters were built until 1985.
F-15D is an improved twin-seat training version. It made its first
flight and entered production in 1978. A total of 92 of these
aircraft were built until 1985.
F-15J is a Japanese license-produced version,
almost identical to the USAF's F-15C. It was
manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. A total of 163 F-15Js
were delivered from 1979 to 1996. Though a small number of these
F-15Js was imported from the United States. This fighter lack the US
tactical electronic warfare system and is therefore fitted with
indigenous electronic warfare equipment. Japanese improvements
include a radar and central computer upgrade, to a standard
comparable to the USAF's
Multi-Stage Improveent II F-15s. Other elements include upgraded
electronic counter measures systems along with new forward-looking
infra-red and infra-red search and track systems. With these
modifications, the Mitsubishi F-15J has the capability to carry fire-and-forget
beyond visible range air-to-air missiles and possess much more
resistance to any future electronic warfare threat. The F-15Js
primarily equip Japan's fighter intercept squadrons.
F-15DJ is another Japanese license-produced version, almost
identical to F-15D two-seat trainer.
A total of 50 F-15DJs were delivered from 1979 to 1996. Though a
small number of these F-15DJs was imported from the United States.
It is also a product of Mitsubishi. This fighter is fitted with
indigenous electronic warfare equipment. The Mitsubishi F-15DJs primarily equip
Japan's fighter intercept squadrons.
F-15E strike and ground attack aircraft.
It is unoficially known as the Strike Eagle. The Strike Eagle name
not being adopted officially. Though it is still referred as the
Strike Eagle by the company.
Trials of the F-15 in
the air-to-ground role began during 1982 when McDonnel Douglas (now
Boeing) modified a two-seater F-15 for ground attack role. It was
developed as a private venture. The Strike Eagle was seen as a
possible replacement for the F-111,
and emerged as the winner of an evaluation over its rival, the
General Dynamics F-16XL, for the USAF's Enhanced Tactical Fighter
programme. The first production F-15E made its maiden flight in
1986. With the new
avionics and equipment for its air-to-ground weapons, the F-15E is
very much a second-generation Eagle. It is in service with the USAF
F-15K is a South Korean version. It was powered by new General
Electric F110-GE-129 engines, that developed 131 kN of thrust. These
were the first production F-15s, fitted with such engines. All
previous models were powered by Pratt & Whitney engines. Eventually
this newer engine was used on some other F-15s versions.
F-15SE Silent Eagle is a multi-role fighter is an upgraded and
more stealthy version of the F-15E ground attack aircraft.
Boeing began development of the new version in 2009. This aircraft
was developed as a private venture. So far there is only one unit,
built by Boeing, which made its maiden flight in 2010. This aircraft
served as a demonstrator. The cost of producing a single Silent
Eagle was around $100 million. Though eventually this multi-role
fighter received no production orders.
is a proposed upgrade of older
F-15 Eagle variants. It is also referred as F-15 2040C.
F-15X is a
proposed newly-built aircraft, which incorporates technology of the
Advanced Eagle. It is being offered as the F-15C replacement.