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Bayraktar TB2

Unmanned aerial combat vehicle

Bayraktar TB2

The Turkish Bayraktar TB2 attack drone made its name as a Pantsyr killer

Country of origin Turkey
Entered service 2014
Dimensions and weight
Length 6.5 m
Wing span 12 m
Height 3.2 m
Weight (empty) 420 kg
Weight (maximum take off) 650 kg
Engines and performance
Engines 1 x Rotax 912
Engine power 105 hp
Maximum speed over 220 km/h
Service ceiling 8.2 km
Range 6 000 km
Endurance 24 h
Maximum payload 65 kg
Missiles 4 x MAM-C or MAM-L


   The Bayraktar TB2 is a Turkish unmanned aerial vehicle. It was developed by Baykar Makina company. It is a medium-altitude attack drone, that has long endurance. It can be used for reconnaissance, surveillance and ground attack. Development commenced in 2007. It made its first flight in 2009. During the same year it was selected by the Turkish military. It was adopted by the Turkish military in 2014. The Bayraktar TB2 was widely used by Turkish military during conflicts in Syria and Lybia. These drones reportedly destroyed a number of Russian-made Pantsyr-S1 short-range air defense systems. By 2020 the type flew more than 200 000 hours. This was a record for Turkish aviation industry. This attack drone was exported to Ukraine. Deliveries commenced in 2019. In 2020 the Bayraktar TB2 drones were widely used by Azerbaijan against Armenian targets.

   This armed drone is powered by a single Rotax 912 engine which develops 105 hp. It can travel with a maximum speed of over 220 km. Maximum range is 6 000 km. It can reach altitude of 8.2 km. This drone has a loitering time of 24 hours.

   All critical components of this Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), including flight control system, INS-GPS, automatic take off and landing systems are produced in Turkey. In 2009 during trials this drone demonstrated a fully automatic taxi, take off, cruise flight, landing, parking.

   This attack drone can carry a maximum payload of 65 kg. It can carry 4 MAM-C or MAM-L missiles. These missiles were specially designed for UAVs and light attack aircraft with low payload capacity. These missiles have laser guidance and can engage stationary or moving targets. The MAM-C has a high explosive warhead, while the MAM-L has a thermobaric warhead. By 2020 the Bayraktar TB2 drones reportedly destroyed over 100 tanks. These included 69 Armenian tanks and 30 Syrian Arab army tanks. These figures do not include many other military vehicles, command posts and troops destroyed by these drones.

   The Bayraktar TB2 proved to be very effective in Turkish military service. This attack drone made its name as a Turkish Pantsyr killer. During military action in Syria and Libya these drones reportedly destroyed a number of Russian-made Pantsyr-S1 short-range air defense systems. Though a couple of these drones were also lost to hostile fire.

   In 2020 during a military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan this unmanned aerial combat vehicle was successfully used by Azerbaijani forces to knock out Armenian Osa-AKM air defense systems. It turned out that this attack drone is a tough nut for ageing air defense systems.

   Unit cost of the Bayraktar TB2 is around $5 Million.



Bayraktar TB2 drone

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Bayraktar TB2 UAV

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Bayraktar TB2 armed drone

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Bayraktar TB2 UACV

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