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General utility truck


The ZiL-131 general utility truck is still widely used by a number of countries

Entered service 1966
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (curb) 6.7 t
Maximum load 3.5 - 5 t
Length 7.04 m
Width 2.49 m
Height 2.49 - 2.97 m
Engine V8 petrol
Engine power 150 hp
Maximum road speed 80 km/h
Range 650 km
Gradient 58%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step up to 0.6 m
Trench ~ 1 m
Fording 1.4 m


   The ZiL-131 is a general purpose military truck. Its production commenced in 1966. It replaced the previous ZiL-157. Production ceased in 1994 with nearly 1 000 000 of these military trucks produced. Despite its age the ZiL-131 is widely used by Russian military, as well as a number of other countries.

   Vehicle has a conventional layout. The baseline model of the ZiL-131 is a cargo truck. It has a payload capacity of 3 500 kg off-road and 5 000 kg on hard surface roads. It is used to carry troops, cargo and other military equipment. Cargo area is covered with bows and canvas cover. Vehicle can also tow trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 4 000 kg off-road and 6 500 kg on hard surface roads.

   An all-metal cab of this truck provides seating for the driver and two passengers.

   The ZiL-131 is powered by a V8 petrol engine, developing 150 hp. Engine is coupled with a 5-speed manual gearbox. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive, however the front axle can be disconnected on hard surface roads. It is fitted with a central tyre inflation systems. A self-recovery winch was fitted on some models.

   Variants of the ZiL-131 include a ZiL-131V tractor truck for towing semi-trailers, ZiL-131D dump truck and fuel and water tankers. It is used as a chassis for the Grad-1 artillery rocket system. An improved variant, the ZiL-131N, was introduced in 1986. A civilian version of this truck, the ZiL-130 with 4x4 configuration was also produced in large numbers.

   In 1995 a new ZiL-4334 was proposed as a replacement of the -131N. A small number of these trucks are in service with the Russian Army.


Video of the ZiL-131 general utility truck





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