The ZiL-131 general
utility truck is still widely used by a number of countries
1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
3.5 - 5 t
2.49 - 2.97 m
Maximum road speed
up to 0.6 m
~ 1 m
is a general purpose military truck. It's production commenced in 1966.
It replaced the previous ZiL-157. Production ceased in 1994 with nearly 1 000 000 of these military trucks
Despite it's age the ZiL-131 is widely used by Russian military, as
well as a number of other
a conventional layout. The baseline
model of the ZiL-131 is a cargo truck. It has a payload capacity of
3 500 kg off-road and 5 000 kg on hard surface roads. It is used to
carry troops, cargo and other military equipment. Cargo area is
covered with bows and canvas cover. Vehicle can also tow trailers or
artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 4 000 kg off-road and 6
500 kg on hard surface roads.
cab of this
truck provides seating for
the driver and two passengers.
The ZiL-131 is powered by
a V8 petrol engine, developing 150 hp. Engine is coupled with a
5-speed manual gearbox. Vehicle has a full-time
all-wheel drive, however the front axle can be disconnected on hard
surface roads. It is fitted with
a central tyre inflation systems. A self-recovery winch was fitted
on some models.
the ZiL-131 include a
ZiL-131V tractor truck for towing semi-trailers, ZiL-131D dump truck and fuel
and water tankers. It is used as a chassis
for the Grad-1 artillery rocket system. An improved variant, the
ZiL-131N, was introduced in 1986. A civilian version of this
truck, the ZiL-130 with 4x4 configuration was also produced in large
In 1995 a
new ZiL-4334 was proposed as a replacement of the -131N. A small
number of these trucks are in service with the Russian Army.