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Ural-4320

General utility truck

Ural-4320

Despite its age the Ural-4320 general utility truck is still in production

 
 
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1976
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 8 t
Payload capacity (on road) 6 t
Payload capacity (off road) 4.5 t
Length 7.37 m
Width 2.5 m
Height 2.87 m
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-740 diesel
Engine power 210 hp
Maximum road speed 85 km/h
Range ~ 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 62%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.55 m
Trench up to 1.2 m
Fording up to 1.75 m

 

   The Ural-4320 military truck is a further development of the previous Ural-375D. Its development started in 1972. Changes from the previous model include new engine, enlarged bonnet plus revised fuel, cooling and electrical systems were introduced at the same time along with many other detail modifications. Its production commenced in 1976. The Ural-4320 took many of the roles, previously carried by the Ural-375D. Production of the Ural-4320 still continues. This truck is in service with the Russian military as well as many other countries.

   Vehicle is entirely conventional in design and technology. It has a payload capacity of 4.5 t off-road and 6 t on hard surface roads. A standard troop/cargo platform has drop sides, drop tailgate and removable tarpaulin with bows. In troop carrier configuration it accommodates 27 troops. This military truck also tows trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 12 t.

   Cab of the Ural-4320 provides seating for the driver and two passengers. An add-on armor kit has been developed for this military truck. It protects the cab end engine compartment from small arms fire and artillery shell splinters.

   The Ural-4320 is powered by YaMZ-740 10.85-liter V8 diesel engine, developing 210 hp. Later it was fitted with improved diesel, developing 220 hp. Current production models are available with more powerful diesel engines. The baseline is a YaMZ-238M2 engine, developing 240 hp. It is known that this truck was fitted with a Caterpillar engine. A 5-speed manual transmission is fitted across the range. The Ural-4320 has a full-time all wheel drive and is fitted with a centralized tyre inflation system. Vehicle can operate in climatic conditions, ranging from -50C to +50C. With preparation all models can ford water obstacles up to 1.75 m deep.

   Many versions of the Ural-4320 exist.

 

Variants

 

   Ural-4420 tractor truck.

   Ural-4320-0911-30 is a long wheelbase model. It has a payload capacity of up to 10 t. This version can carry more cargo, 39 troops or various specialized bodies.

   Ural-43206 a 4x4 version. It has a payload capacity of up to 4.2 t. It can carry up to 24 troops at the rear. This truck is capable of towing trailers with a maximum weight of 7 t. The 4x4 version is powered by a diesel engine, developing 180 hp. It was adopted by the Russian Army in 1996 and production commenced during the same year.

   Ural-4320-70, also known as Ural Next is new version of the Ural-4320. It is fitted with a new cab of steel and polymer construction. Production of the commercial Ural Next commenced in 2015, though militarizes model was also proposed for the Russian military. Initially the new Ural Next was produced alongside the older Ural-4320 trucks.

 

 

 

 
Ural-4320

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Ural-4320

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Ural-4320

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Ural-4320

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Ural-4320

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