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Ural-375

General utility truck

Ural-375

The Ural-375 high mobility cargo truck was a workhorse of the Soviet Army

 
 
Ural-375D
Entered service 1964
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 8 t
Payload capacity 5 t
Length 7.35 m
Width 2.69 m
Height 2.68 m
Mobility
Engine ZiL-375 diesel
Engine power 180 hp
Maximum road speed 75 km/h
Range 750 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 65%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 0.7 m
Fording 1.2 m

 

   The Ural-375 series of military trucks entered production in 1961. It was one of the most widely used military truck, in service with the Soviet Army. Since 1980s it was produced alongside the newer models and production ceased only in 1991. Many Ural-375s remain in service in many forms within former Warsaw Pact armed forces and elsewhere, where the Soviet influence has spread.

   The Ural 375 was used as the basis for a wide range of body styles, but most were produced as standard 5 tone cargo trucks. It can tow trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 10 t on hard surface roads. Vehicle has drop sides, drop tailgate and removable tarpaulin with bows. Cab of this military truck provides seating for the driver and two passengers. Initial production models were fitted with an opened cab, covered by a soft-top cover.

   The original Ural-375 was powered by a ZiL-375 7-liter V8 petrol engine, which was notoriously thirsty on fuel. Vehicle has a 6x4 configuration on hard surface roads and 6x6 over rough terrain. This military truck is fitted with a central tyre pressure system, which can be adjusted form the drivers station to suit various terrain conditions.

   In 1964 production of an improved version, the Ural-375D, commenced. It had an all-metal cab and a full-time all-wheel drive. Some vehicles were fitted with a self-recovery winch. These are designated as Ural-375T. The Ural-375D is used to mount BM-21 Grad 122-mm multiple launch rocket system.

   In 1973 the main production model was powered by a ZiL-375 V8 diesel engine, developing 180 hp. The diesel-powered unit was introduced in order to increase the range on fuel, as well as to reduce risks of catching fire. Vehicle has an engine pre-heater and is well suited for operation in winter. Despite that the petrol-engined version was produced in small number until 1991.

   There are numerous variants of this military truck. They vary from multiple rocket launcher carriers to missile resupply vehicles and fuel servicing trucks. The specialized TMS-65 is a special NBC decontamination vehicle carrying a jet engine to remove NBC agents from other vehicles. Other variants include recovery vehicle and fuel tanker.

 

Variants

 

   Ural-375A special wheeled chassis, used to mount various bodies;

   Ural-375T fitted with a self-recovery winch. It has a payload capacity of 5 t;

   Ural-375S tractor truck for towing semi-trailers;

   Ural-377 a series of commercial vehicles with 6x4 configuration;

   Ural-4320 general utility truck. It is an improved production version of the Ural-375D with new YaMZ-740 engine diesel, developing 210 hp. It gradually took over many of the roles previously carried out by the Ural-375 series. Other production changes such as an enlarged bonnet plus revised fuel, cooling and electrical systems were introduced at the same time along with many other detail modifications.

 

Video of the Ural-375 general utility truck

 

 
Ural-375

Ural-375

Ural-375

Ural-375

Ural-375

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