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Light utility vehicle


The UAZ-452 and its variants are still in service with a number of countries

Entered service 1965
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 8 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (curb) 1.76 t
Payload capacity 0.8 t
Length 4.36 m
Width 1.94 m
Height 2.1 m
Engine ZMZ-451M1 petrol
Engine power 72 hp
Maximum road speed 95 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 57 %
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.3 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording 0.55 m


   Production of the UAZ-452 commenced in 1965. It is a successor to the UAZ-450, that is an unlicensed copy of the Willys Jeep Forward Control. The UAZ-452 was produced in large numbers for civilians and military. It has been exported to the former Warsaw Pact countries, and to other countries where the Soviet influence has spread. In the 1985 the UAZ-452 was upgraded and designation of models was changed. The UAZ-452 and its successive variants are in service with Russia and a number of countries around the world. Despite its age and odd appearance this vehicle is still being produced for military and civil customers.

   A baseline UAZ-452 van has two front doors, side door, plus the rear doors. It can carry driver plus up to 8 passengers, or up to 800 kg of cargo. Inside the van there are benches for the passengers. Vehicle can tow trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 850 kg.

   The UAZ-452 was typically used as ambulance, light workshop and as command vehicle.

   The original UAZ-452 has a 2.4-liter petrol engine, developing 72 hp. It was a standard car engine, also found on other Soviet vehicles. It is mated to a 4-speed manual transmission. The UAZ vans produced since 1985 were fitted with new engine, developing 99 hp. Current production models are powered by a 2.7-liter petrol engine, developing 112 hp. It is mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. This vehicle has a rear wheel drive with selectable all-wheel drive. It has good cross-country mobility and can reach even the most remote places.

   The UAZ-452 was produced in a number of variants to suit specific roles. The most baseline models are outlined below. As there are a numerous sub variants of each model.




   UAZ-452A ambulance. It can carry 4 stretchers or 6 seated patients with one medical attendant;

   UAZ-452V passenger version with a glazed cab. It can carry driver plus up to 10 passengers;

   UAZ-452D pickup truck with a two-person cab and opened cargo area at the rear. The cargo area has drop sides and drop tailgate.


Video of the UAZ-452 light utility vehicle






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