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Type 10

Snow vehicle

Type 10 tracked carrier

The Type 10 snow vehicle is used in the areas were heavy snowfalls are present

 
 
Country of origin Japan
Entered service 2010
Configuration Tracked
Cab seating 2 men
Passengers 8 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 5 t
Payload capacity 1 t
Length 4.65 m
Width 2.25 m
Height 2.38 m
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 45 ~ 50 km/h
Range ?
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 1.2 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m

 

   Japan's Ministry of Defense was looking for a new tracked carrier to replace its ageing Type 78 snow vehicle. It used many automotive components of the Type 73 military truck, that was produced in large numbers for the Japanese military. The new tracked carrier is produced by Ohara Corporation. This company produces various snow vehicles, including snow groomers and vehicles for operation in Antarctica. Deliveries of the Type 10 commenced in 2010, hence its designation. Since its introduction it gradually replaces the previous Type 78.

   These snow vehicles are mainly deployed in the areas with heavy snowfalls, such as Hokkaido island. Interestingly in Japan drivers must have special license in order to drive these unusual military vehicles.

   The Type 10 has a crew of 2 and can carry 8 fully-equipped troops or skiers. Alternatively it can carry cargo with a maximum weight of around 1 000 kg. Its main role is to transport personnel and tow various equipment over snow. Vehicle has wide tracks that allow to go over snow. In fact this vehicle generates less ground pressure than a skier.

   This snow vehicle is powered by a diesel engine. It is mated to a 4-speed automatic transmission. The Type 10 uses many commercially available automotive components to simplify servicing and maintenance. This vehicle uses rubber tracks. Maximum speed is limited to around 45 km/h over snow and 50 km/h on hard surface roads.

   From one location to another the Type 10 has to be transported on a truck or a semi trailer. However as it is shorter than the previous Type 78 it can be loaded on a cargo bed of a standard general utility truck. The previous Type 78 required larger truck or semi-trailers in order to be transported. So the new vehicle is easier to transport.

 

 

 
Type 10 tracked carrier

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Type 10 tracked carrier

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Type 10 tracked carrier

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Type 10 tracked carrier

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