Home > Trucks > Toyota Land Cruiser

Toyota Land Cruiser

Light utility vehicle

Toyota Land Cruiser

The Toyota Land Cruiser is widely used by armed forces and irregular armies

 
 
Toyota Land Cruiser model 79
Country of origin Japan
Entered service 1999
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 1/3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (kerb) 2 200 kg
Payload capacity up to 800 kg
Length 4.73 m
Width 1.79 m
Height 1.96 m
Mobility
Engine Totyota 4.2-liter diesel
Engine power 170 hp
Maximum road speed 165 km/h
Range 700 - 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 80%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.35 m
Trench 0.5 m
Fording 0.5 m
Fording (with preparation) ~ 1.2 m

 

   The Toyota Land Cruiser first appeared in 1953. It is not a purpose-designed military vehicle, but rather a commercial 4x4 vehicle, intended for civil market. However due to its unsurpassed reliability, durability and great off-road performance it is widely used by various military and paramilitary units, non-governmental organizations and militant groups from all over the world. The Land Cruiser was built in impressive numbers. Since its introduction in 1953 around 4 million of these vehicles were produced by Toyota. These vehicles were and still are license-produced in some countries, such as Columbia, Malaysia and Venezuela.

   The Land Cruisers are very popular in Africa, Middle East and South America. The 1980s war between Chad and Libya was named the Toyota War because of the heavy use of Land Cruisers by both parties.

   These pickup trucks are used to carry weapons and supplies. The Land Cruisers are often converted into improvised fighting vehicles, armed with heavy machine guns, mounted on a tripods. These improvised combat vehicles are called "technicals". Also there are numerous improvised modifications, fitted with anti-aircraft guns and missiles, anti-tank missiles, recoilless rifles and even artillery rocket systems.

   Currently the most often encounter models, used by military and paramilitary users, are the 70 series Land Cruisers. Production of the 70 series vehicles commenced in 1984 and still continues. Though over the years a number of modifications were made to these vehicles. Model 73 has a mid-length wheelbase, while the model 75 has long wheelbase. The model 77 is another long wheelbase version. In 1999 production switched to updated model 78 and 79.

   Most 70 series Land Cruisers were produced with either a two-door pickup body, or a two-door station wagon body. There is also a four-door pickup body, as well as armored versions. There are even dedicated light armored personnel carriers with fully enclosed armored hulls, based on model 79 chassis. These are Minerva Special Purpose Vehicles Panthera T6 and Streit Group Cougar.

   The current production Land Cruiser model 79 is powered by a 4.2-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 170 hp. Also there is a 4.5-liter diesel developing 202 hp, and 4-liter petrol, developing 227 hp. Engine is mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. There are different fuel tank sizes, so actual range of the vehicle varies depending from the engine type, body type, wheelbase length and so on. Due to their popularity the Land Cruisers can be easily supported in any part of the world. Commercial off-the-shelf automotive parts are readily available.

   Toyota continued development and production of the Land Cruiser. Eventually 80, 90, 100 and 200 series appeared. However these luxury vehicles were intended for civilian market and lack off-road performance of the 70 series. These vehicles are more suited for non-frontline and paramilitary units, that operate in the rear echelon. The only exception was a 105 series which was a capable off-road vehicle.

   There is another pickup from Toyota, the Hilux, which is also used by various non-frontline and paramilitary units, as well as governmental organizations and militant groups. This light commercial vehicle is smaller than the Land Cruiser and has inferior cross-country performance. Though it is also favored by various military and paramilitary users due to its durability and reliability . It is suitable for non-tactical roles. The Toyota Hilux pickup is available with a two-door, or four-door cab.

 

Variants

 

   Toyota Land Cruiser 6x6. Some companies, such as Australian Multidrive Technology, or Emirati NSV Auto offer custom built 6x4 and 6x6 versions of the Land Cruiser. These vehicles are based on models 78 and 79 and have extended chassis and an extra axle. These 3-axle vehicles can carry more payload and have improved off-road performance. These Land Cruisers are being proposed for military users.

 

 
Toyota Land Cruiser

Expand image

Toyota Land Cruiser

Expand image

Toyota Land Cruiser

Expand image

Toyota Land Cruiser

Expand image

Toyota Land Cruiser

Expand image
 
Toyota Land Cruiser

Expand image

Personal appeal from Andrius Genys

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Home  Home     Aircraft     Helicopters     Tanks     Armored Vehicles     Artillery     Trucks     Engineering Vehicles     Missiles     Naval Forces     Firearms     |     Contact Us
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ARG 2006 - 2017
 www.Military-Today.com Toyota Land Cruiser