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Shaanxi SX250

General utility truck

Shaanxi SX250

The SX250 was one of the most popular heavy military trucks in service with Chinese army

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service 1974
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 9.49 t
Payload capacity (on roads) 10 t
Payload capacity (off-road) 5 t
Length 7.12 m
Width 2.52 m
Height 3.05 m
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range ~ 750 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 58%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 0.7 m
Fording 1.2 m

 

   China began to produce motor vehicles in 1956. In the 1960s China's army required a large number of heavy military trucks to equip its artillery, engineering and ballistic missile units, however there were no suitable indigenous heavy-duty military trucks for these roles. In the 1960s Chinese government ordered to build two heavy vehicle factories in Sichuan and Shaanxi province. The Sichuan plant was opened with the help of French company Berliet. In 1966 this plant launched a Hanyang CQ260 military truck with 6x6 configuration. It was the first Chinese all-wheel drive military truck. In parallel production a heavily modified CQ260 truck was being prepared on the Shaanxi plant. In 1968 the Shaanxi Automobile Works (now Shaanxi Automobile Group) introduced their SX250 heavy-duty military truck, which was a heavily modified version of the Hanyang CQ260. Though due to the technical problems in the initial design and reliability problems this truck reached mass production only in 1974. Several thousands of SX250 series military trucks were delivered to the Chinese army. Eventually the SX250 became one of the most popular Chinese military trucks in service. Improved versions of this basic design are still being produced.

   The Shaanxi SX250 is based on the chassis design of the Soviet Ural-375, which was one of the most widely used military trucks in service with the Soviet Army. However the Chinese truck used a modified cab and cargo bed design of the Hanyang CQ260 (French Berliet GBU 15). Possibly because the 4-door cab of the Hanyang CQ260 could accommodate 4 persons instead of 3 on the Ural-375, and its production technology was readily available. This unusual combination proved to be rather successful. However the SX250 it was lighter, less powerful, and could carry less cargo than the CQ260.

   A basic variant is fitted with a cargo body with drop-sides and drop tailgate. It has a payload capacity of 5 000 kg off road. On hard surface roads this truck can carry 10 000 kg. The cargo area can be covered with bows and canvas cover. The Shaanxi SX250 was mainly used for artillery hauling. It transported Type 59 and PL-66 guns together with their crews and ammunition. This military truck can tow artillery pieces or semi trailers with a maximum weight of 6 500 kg. Its tractor truck version was used for heavy equipment transport roles. This truck has also been used as a chassis to carry various bodies and shelters. Chassis of the SX250 was also used for the Type 81 artillery rocket system (Chinese clone of the Grad).

   The SX250 was powered by indigenous Chinese diesel engine, mated to a 5-speed manual gearbox.

 

Variants

 

   Shaanxi SX161 was a 6x4 version. There was also a QD360 6x4 dump truck variant.

   Shaanxi SX2150 is an improved and redesignated version. In the 1990s under the new designation system the SX250 was renamed as the SX2150.

   Shaanxi SX2150K is a an improved second-generation version. It entered service with the mid 1990s and was produced in large numbers. This truck is fitted with an Austrian Steyr WD615.71 turbocharged diesel engine as well as 9-speed transmission. The engine develops 256 hp. This truck is significantly faster and has a top speed of 87 km/h, opposed to 70 km/h of the original SX250 and SX2150. It is 60 kg lighter than the baseline SX2150, but otherwise has similar dimensions and payload capacity. This truck can be recognized by headlights relocated to the front bumper.

 

 
Shaanxi SX250

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Shaanxi SX250

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Shaanxi SX250

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Shaanxi SX250

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Shaanxi SX250

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Shaanxi SX250

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