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Shaanxi SX2190

General utility truck

Shaanxi SX2190

The Shaanxi SX2190 6x6 truck is a workhorse of the Chinese armed forces

 
 
Entered service Mid 1980s
Configuration 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 1 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 11.5 t
Payload capacity 7 - 8 t
Length 8 m
Width 2.55 m
Height 2.67 - 3.1 m
Mobility
Engine Wei Chai WD615.77 diesel
Engine power 280 hp
Maximum road speed 86 km/h
Range ~ 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 67%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording 1.2 m

 

   The Shaanxi SX2190 is based around an Austrian Steyr 91 truck technology. Production rights of this Steyr truck were sold to China in 1980s. Some modifications were made to the Steyr 91 design to make it more suitable for local production. The SX2190 is produced by Shaanxi since the mid 1980s. It is worth noting that currently Shaanxi Automobile Group is one of the largest truck manufacturers in China. Several thousands of these trucks have been produced already and its production still continues. The SX2190 replaced a number of older trucks, such as JN252, CQ261, SX250 and SX2150 in service with Chinese armed forces. This heavy-duty military truck became a true workhorse of Chinese army. It has been exported to Indonesia, and possibly some other countries. In some markets it is marketed under SHACMAN brand.

   The Shaanxi SX2190 is used to transport troops and various military cargo. It can carry about 8 000 kg of cargo on hard surface roads and 7 000 kg off-road. A baseline version is a troop and cargo carrier. The cargo area is fitted with drop-sides and drop-tailgate and can be covered with bows and canvas cover. Chinese armed forces use this truck as an artillery tractor. It can tow trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 10 000 kg. There are a number of specialized versions of the SX2190, such as hooklift system, mobile workshop, shelter carrier, dump truck, fuel tankers and so on. There is also an extended wheelbase version of this truck.

   This military truck is available with different cab versions. Cabs are generally similar to those, used on the Steyr 91 trucks. A baseline cab accommodates driver and one passenger. However there are extended sleeper cabs with berths, that can be reconfigured to accommodate driver and 3 passengers. There is also a version with a double cab. The cab is tilted forward for engine access and maintenance. Recently a version of this truck appeared with the new cab. It strongly resembles cab of German MAN high mobility vehicles with vertical windows. There is even an updated Shaanxi SX2190 with an armored cab.

   Vehicle is powered by a 10-liter Wei Chai WD615.77 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 280 hp. It is a license-produced version of the Steyr engine. It is mated to a manual gearbox with 9 forward and 2 reverse gears. Vehicle has a 6x6 configuration. This truck has some degree of cross-country mobility and can operate off-road. A 10 000 kg capacity recovery winch is proposed as an option.

 

Variants

 

   Shaanxi SX2110, a smaller version with 4x4 configuration;

   Shaanxi SX2153, version with 6x6 configuration. It is a less capable low-mobility version, mainly intended to supply rear-echelon troops. It is powered by a less-powerful 256 hp engine and has reduced payload capacity;

   Shaanxi SX4260 tractor truck. It is used in conjunction with a semi-trailer and transports loads with a maximum weight of up to 40 000 kg;

   Shaanxi SX4323 another tractor truck version;

   Shaanxi SX2300, larger version with 8x8 configuration.

 

 
Shaanxi SX2190

Shaanxi SX2190

Shaanxi SX2190

Shaanxi SX2190

Shaanxi SX2190


 
Shaanxi SX2190

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