The Scammell Commander
tank transporter is used to tow Challenger 2 main battle tanks
1 + 3 / 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Perkins (Rolls-Royce) CV-12 turbocharged
Maximum road speed
Commander heavy tank transporter had it's origins in a British Army
requirement that envisaged main battle tanks weighing well over 60
tones. It was originally developed to replace the old Thornycroft Antars
tank transporters. Development of the Commander transporter began in 1976 but due to
defense spending delays the production of a batch of 125 units for
the British Army did not began until 1983. The British Army used it to
Challenger 1 and Challenger 2 main battle tanks.
tow loads up to 65 tones, the Commander tows a special semi-trailer
onto which tanks can be tail-loaded using a hydraulic 20 tone
capacity winch. A prominent bonnet houses the vehicle's Perkins
(Rolls-Royce) CV 12 TCE V12 turbocharged diesel (similar to that
used on the Challenger 1 main battle tank) which is coupled to an
Allison automatic transmission incorporating a torque converter.
Although the Commander is powered by a Perkins engine,
other types may were proposed - one of the prototypes used a
Cummins KTA 600 diesel.
The cab has provision
for up to three or four passengers and there is space for two bunks
behind the front seats. Due to the front axle lock angle, the
Commander is highly maneuverable and can negotiate a 'T'
intersection with only 9.15 meters between the walls.
the Scammell company went bankrupt, and the rights to the Commander were bought by Unipower Ltd, who opened a
new plant in West Watford.
In 1990 during the operation Desert Storm 70 Scammell Commander
heavy tank transporters were used to transport 40 types of various
military cargo. Each of the vehicles was on the road 17 hours a day
during 4 months period. On average each vehicle traveled 270 km a
day on the desert roads.
Most of the 125 British Army Commanders
were based in Belgium and
Germany with only a few located in the United Kingdom. The Scammell Commander is now obsolete
and was replaced by the
1070F heavy equipment transporter.