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Pinzgauer

Light utility vehicle

Pinzgauer

The Pinzgauer all-terrain light utility vehicles are in service with nearly all military users

 
 
Pinzgauer 710M
Country of origin Austria
Entered service 1973
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 9 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 2.1 t
Maximum load 1 t
Length 4.18 m
Width 1.76 m
Height 2 m
Mobility
Engine Steyr petrol
Engine power 87 hp
Maximum road speed 110 km/h
Range 440 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 80%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.4 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording 0.7

 

   The Pinzgauer range was developed by Steyr-Daimler-Puch of Austria as the successor to the Haflinger range of 4x4 vehicles. The first 4x4 Pinzgauer's prototype, powered by a 2.5-liter petrol engine, was produced in 1965. Series production commenced in 1971 and ever since then the Pinzgauer series has been a major Steyr-Daimler-Puch product. The baseline Pinzgauer 710 had 4x4 configuration. It was soon joined by a Pinzgauer 712 with 6x6 configuration. The 6x6 model was first revealed in 1968 and entered production in 1971-1972. The Pinzgauers first entered military service with Austria in 1973. Another major operator was Switzerland. By 1985 over 20 000 had been produced, nearly for all military users.

   From 1983 onwards the petrol-engined Pinzgauers 710 series and 712 series were joined by turbocharged diesel-engined versions, the so called Turbo D range, which in most respects were overall improvements on the earlier models. They are known as 716 series (4x4) and 718 series (6x6) and have longer wheelbases, disc brakes and increased fuel capacities. Other features such as automatic level control systems, that enable the superstructure to rise or fall to suit the load involved also became available. Since 1986 the original Pinzgauers were replaced in production by the improved 716 and 718 series vehicles. Though some sources report that the original 710 and 712 series vehicles were produced until 1990.

   Production of the second generation vehicles was carried out in Austria until the year 2000. However the Steyr-Daimler-Puch company was broken into parts and production was taken over by a different company and transferred to the United Kingdom. Between 2005 and 2007 production rights for the Pinzgauer vehicles were changing hands. Eventually in 2007 production rights of these light military vehicles were acquired by BAE Systems. However in 2008 announced that they will discontinue production of these second generation vehicles due to the lack of sales.

   There are two basic types of bodies. These include an open-top body, covered with tarpaulin, and fully-enclosed steel body. Basic vehicles with cargo body are designated 710M and 712M. In all their forms the Pinzgauers have been produced in a bewildering array of models, equipped for carrying various weapon systems, military equipment or communication shelters. There are also radio vehicles (710K/712K) command versions, firefighting vehicles (712FW), workshop vehicles (712W). Some examples were used to carry Oerlikon 20 mm anti-aircraft guns (712T). Ambulance versions with special panel bodies have been manufactured.

   All Pinzgauers have a door on each side for driver and one passenger. The door tops with windows are removable and windscreen can be folded over the bonnet in order to reduce vehicle height.

   For carrying passengers vehicles are equipped with bench seats at the rear. The Pinzgauer 710 has a payload capacity of 1 000 kg. It accommodates driver plus 9 passengers. The larger Pinzgauer 712 has a payload capacity of 1 500 kg and can carry the driver plus 13 passengers. Both 4x4 and 6x6 versions can tow trailers or artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 1 500 kg and 1 800 kg respectively off road. On hard surface roads the towing capacity is 5 000 kg for both versions.

   Initially these military vehicles were fitted with a Steyr 4-cylinder air cooled petrol engine, developing 87 hp. Engine is mated to a ZF 5-speed manual gearbox. All Pinzgauers have an excellent cross-country performance and were particularly favored by Austrian Army alpine units.

   An experimental petrol-engined 8x8 version was produced in prototype form but was not placed in production.

   Recently a Pinzgauer II has been developed by BAE Systems. This new-generation vehicle is available only with 6x6 configuration. It is larger and has more internal volume. Also it has increased mobility, payload, performance and protection.

 

 
Pinzgauer

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Pinzgauer

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Pinzgauer 710 series

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Pinzgauer 712 series

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