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MOWAG DURO II

Light utility vehicle

MOWAG DURO II

The MOWAG DURO II was a short-lived vehicle, that was produced in small numbers

 
 
  DURO II 4x4L DURO II 6x6
Country of origin Switzerland
Entered service ? ?
Configuration 4x4 6x6
Cab seating 1 + 1 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 3.8 t 4.3 t
Payload capacity 3.2 t 4.3 t
Length 6.35 m
Width 1.99 m
Height 2.6 m
Mobility
Engine Cummins ISB 5.9-liter diesel
Engine power 185 hp
Maximum road speed 110 km/h
Range 550 km 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.4 m ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m ~ 0.6 m
Fording 0.8 m

 

   The original Bucher DURO, also known as DURO I, was a light tactical military vehicle, specially designed to operate in mountainous terrain. In concept it was broadly similar to an Austrian Pinzgauer. However the DURO is significantly heavier and can carry way more payload. This vehicle was specially designed for demanding military applications and tough off-road conditions. Eventually it proved to be a successful design and after extensive trials was adopted by a Swiss Army. It was produced between 1993 and 2003. A total of 3 000 vehicles were delivered to the Swiss Army and at least another 500 were exported to other countries. In 2003 the Bucher company sold its transport vehicle unit, producing DURO trucks to MOWAG, another Swiss company specializing in armored vehicles and military equipment. During the year 2003 MOWAG replaced in production the original DURO with an improved model, called the DURO II. It was produced in small numbers between 2003 and 2007. At least 66 units were exported to United Kingdom between 2004 and 2007. A small number of these vehicles was exported to Ireland. The DURO II vehicle was short-lived. It was soon replaced in production by a further improved DURO III.

   The name DURO stands for DUrable and RObust. This military vehicle has an unusual appearance. The DURO II series vehicles are slightly larger than their predecessors and weigh more. These are fitted with more powerful engines and updated transmissions. As its predecessor, the DURO II was available with both 4x4 and 6x6 configurations. There was a 4x4S version with a short wheelbase, and 4x4L version with longer wheelbase. Payload capacity of the DURO II increased, especially on the 6x6 model.

   The MOWAG DURO II was designed as a modular vehicle that could be easily fitted with interchangeable bodies, including open-top and fully-enclosed bodies, as well as various shelters. Over 30 interchangeable bodies were proposed, including ambulance, command vehicle, UAV launcher, firefighting bodies. Some models were fitted with hydraulic cranes. The bodies could be simply swapped by a crane, or using purpose designed lifting legs.

   A baseline troop/cargo body has an open top, covered with canvas cover. There are bench seats for troop transportation. It can carry up to 14-18 fully-equipped troops, or alternatively 6 standard pallets. Passengers enter and leave the vehicle via rear doors. This vehicle can be used to tow light trailers and artillery pieces with a maximum weight of 3.5 t. The towed load is increased to 5 t with air braked trailer. All models of the DURO had these capabilities.

   A fully-enclosed 2-door cab is of aluminum and plastic construction. It accommodates driver and one passenger. A third seat was proposed as an option. The cab is tilted forward for engine access and maintenance.

   The MOWAG DURO II is fitted with a  Cummins ISB 5.9-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 185 hp. It was more powerful than engine of the original DURO. Hence it resulted in improved overall performance. The engine was mated to an Allison 5-speed automatic transmission. The gearbox is located between the axles. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive. This Swiss vehicle uses a patented stabilizer system, which allows axle twisting on rough terrain. Each wheel can travel independently. Such design resulted in great off-road mobility. Also the DURO II proved to be a reliable vehicle. Optional equipment included winch, central tyre inflation system and run-flat tyres.

 

Variants

 

   MOWAG DURO III is an improved version with increased payload capacity. The DURO III was announced in 2003. Initially it was available only with 6x6 configuration. It was fitted with a more powerful Cummins ISBe 5.9-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 250 hp. The engine was mated to an uprated Allison 5-speed automatic transmission. In 2004 two pre-production vehicles were delivered to United Kingdom for trials and evaluation. In 2006 the DURO III with 4x4 configuration joined the line. The baseline 4x4 version has a maximum payload capacity of 4 200 kg. It has a road range of 650 km.

   MOWAG DURO IIIP is an armored version, available only with 6x6 configuration. It is a multi-purpose transport vehicle, based on the DURO III 6x6. First prototype was completed in 1999. Vehicle is fitted with a fully-enclosed modular shelter, which can be replaced to suit specific mission requirements. It has a payload capacity of 3 000 kg and sufficient internal volume to fulfill a number of roles. Variety of shelter modules can be mounted on a single chassis. Its armor provides protection for the crew against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. The armor protection is modular and can be added in form of kits, so protection level of the cabin and shelter can be adapted to suit mission requirements. This vehicle also had significant mine protection and withstands explosions equivalent to 6 kg of TNT under any wheel. The DURO IIIP has a crew of 2 and can carry up to 12 troops. This vehicle can be armed with remotely controlled weapon station. The MOWAG DURO IIIP is in service with the Swiss Army, where it is known as DURO GMTF. First vehicles were delivered in 2006-2007. The DURO IIIP has been exported to Denmark. Also it was co-produced in Germany with Rheinmetall for the German army, where it is known as the Yak.

 

 

 
MOWAG DURO II

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MOWAG DURO II

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MOWAG DURO II

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MOWAG DURO II

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MOWAG DURO II

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MOWAG DURO II

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MOWAG DURO II

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