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M151

Light utility vehicle

M151

The M151 MUTT is still in service with over 60 countries around the world

 
 
Entered service 1960
Configuration 4x4 men
Cab seating 1 + 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 1 089 kg
Payload capacity 362 kg
Length 3.38 m
Width 1.58 m
Height 1.8 m
Mobility
Engine 2.3-liter petrol
Engine power 71 hp
Maximum road speed 106 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording 0.53 m
Fording (with preparation) 1.5 m

 

   The M151 Military Utility Tactical Truck (or MUTT) was developed by in the 1950s to replace the previous Willys M38 Jeep. Development contract was awarded to Ford Motor Company. Development commenced in 1951 and first prototypes were completed in 1952. For a couple of years vehicle was trialed and tested. Production of the new vehicle commenced in 1960. Initially it was produced by Ford, however later production contracts for the improved M151A2 were also awarded to Kaiser Jeep and AM General. Over 100 000 M151 jeeps and its variants were produced. Also this vehicle was widely exported. It was supplied to over 100 countries. It saw action during the war in Vietnam and other military conflicts around the world. Production ceased in 1982 but was restarted in 1988 for export customers. Its successor for the US military became the AM General HMMWV. Even though in 1999 the MUTT jeep was still used by the US forces. Today the M151 remains in service with over 60 countries around the world.

   The M151 had the same basic layout and dimensions of its predecessors. It has a payload capacity of 360 kg off-road. Despite that is was completely new design. The MUTT can be easily recognized by a horizontal grille. Windscreen can be folded over the bonnet in order to reduce height of the vehicle. Vehicle can tow light trailers or artillery pieces.

   This military vehicle accommodates driver and three passengers. There is removable canvas top and side curtains. Hardtop kits were available for this vehicle.

   Despite its replacement the MUTT had a number of advantages over much larger and heavier HMMWV. It is small enough to fit inside the CH-53 heavy transport helicopter.

   The original M151 MUTT is powered by a 2.3-liter petrol engine, developing 71 hp. Engine is mated to a 4-speed manual transmission. Vehicle has a rear wheel drive. Front axle can be also engaged for traveling over rough terrain. The M151 is capable of high-speed cross-country travel. A front-mounted winch was available. Vehicle can be fitted with a deep fording kit.

 

Variants

 

   M151A1 improved variant with some minor changes;

   M151A1C recoilless riffle carrier;

   M151A1D tactical nuclear munition carrier, fitted with Davy Crockett Atomic Demolition Munition;

   M718 frontline ambulance with extended body;

   M151A2 improved variant with a redesigned rear suspension. There were a number of roll-over accidents with the previous M151 series vehicles;

   M718A1 frontline ambulance. It has a crew of two, including driver and medical attendant. It can carry up to three stretchers;

   M825 fitted with M40 106-mm recoilless rifle carrier;

   M151A2 FAV fast assault vehicle. It was designed to be carried inside the CH-53 helicopter. This model can carry heavy weapons, such as 12.7-mm machine gun, 40-mm automatic grenade launcher, or TOW II anti-tank missile;

   M151A2 TOW anti-tank missile carrier, armed with TOW launcher;

   M1051 firefighting variant. It was used by US Marine corps;

   MRC108 forward air control variant.

 

 
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