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M1114

Light protected vehicle

M1114

The M1114 is an uparmored version of the HMMWV, which is widely used by the US Army

 
 
Country of origin United States
Entered service 1996
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) ~ 3.2 t
Payload capacity ~ 1.3 t
Length 5 m
Width 2.25 m
Height 1.93 m
Mobility
Engine Detroit Diesel 6.5-liter diesel
Engine power 190 hp
Maximum road speed 90 km/h
Range up to 443 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 40%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench 0.5 m
Fording 0.75 m
Fording (with preparation) 1.5 m

 

   The HMMWV light utility vehicle forms a vehicular backbone of the US forces. It was adopted back in the 1980s. Overall this vehicle recommended itself well. However military conflicts revealed that these utility vehicles suffer from lack of protection. In the early 1990s the US military for a more protected HMMWV. The AM General began production of this improved and uparmored model in 1995. In 1996 the US Army purchased this new version of the HMMWV, based on improved chassis. Initial order was for 390 vehicles for operations in Bosnia. This light protected vehicle was adopted as the M1114. Currently it is widely used by the US Army. The M1114 has been exported to Afghanistan (950), Bulgaria (50), Iraq, and possibly some other countries.

   The M1114 is based on the M1113 expanded capacity HMMWV. This chassis along with more powerful engine allowed to handle add-on armor. The M1114 is fitted with add-on armor kit which provides protection against 7.62 mm armor-piercing rounds and artillery shell splinters. It withstands mine blasts equivalent to 5.4 kg of TNT at the front and equivalent to 1.8 kg of TNT at the rear.

   Originally it was planned that uparmored HMMWVs will be used by the US military only as a stop gap measure, until a better protected Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) becomes operational. The HMMWV was never designed to be an armored combat and patrol vehicle, however it is being employed as one. Full-scale production of the JLTV is planned to begin in 2019.

   The baseline M1114 is a weapon carrier. It has a shielded machine gun position on the roof. This vehicle is typically armed with an M2 12.7 mm heavy machine gun. This vehicle accommodates driver and 3 passengers. It can also carry light cargo. Furthermore the M1114 can tow M1101, M1102, or similar trailers, as well as light artillery pieces, such as 120 mm mortars.

   The M1114 is based on improved chassis with stronger suspension. Vehicle is also fitted with larger and more powerful engine. It is powered by a Detroit Diesel 6.5-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 190 hp. Engine is mated to a 4-speed automatic transmission. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive. The uparmored vehicle retains tactical mobility and cross-country mobility. As well as the previous HMMWVs the M1114 has a wide track, which was specially designed to drive in tracks left by the main battle tanks. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system, which is adjusted from the driver's station to suit various terrain conditions. It also comes with run-flat tyre. The uparmored HMMWV can be fitted with a deep-water fording kit for fording water obstacles up to 1.5 m deep.

   The M1114 is air transportable by a variety of military transport aircraft, including C-130 Hercules. It can be air dropped. Also it can carried underslung by some helicopters.

   Various armor kits were developed for the M1114 by different manufacturers. Different kits have different specifications.

 

Variants

 

   M1116 is a version of the M1114 used by the US Air Force. This vehicle was tailored to fit the US Air Force requirements and differs in details from the US Army model. This vehicle has got expanded cargo area, shielded gun mount position on the roof and some other differences. The USAF operates a number of M1116s.

   M1151 Enhanced Armament Carrier. It is a improved model. This vehicle was designed to replace the M1025A2 armored weapon carrier. This vehicle has heavier chassis and improved engine to handle add-on armor. This vehicle can be uparmored. Initial contract was awarded for 31 M1151s. Also there was another contract to install armor kits for these vehicles. The US Army plans to replace the M1114 and older HMMWVs with this single model in order to reduce maintenance costs.

   M1152 Enhanced Troop/Cargo/Shelter Carrier. This vehicle was designed to replace the M1097A2 and M1113 variants. This vehicle can be uparmored.

   M1165 is an uparmored command and control or genera purpose vehicle. It has a payload capacity ranging from 1 011 to 2 245 kg, depending on armor configuration.

   M1167 is an uparmored TOW anti-tank missile carrier.

   Elvo M1114GR is a Greek armored variant of the HMMWV. Despite similar designation the Greek vehicle has numerous differences. Its level of protection is inferior to that offered by the US M1114.

 

 
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