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Land Rover Defender

Light utility vehicle

Land Rover Defender

The Land Rover Defenders are popular for their versatility, ruggedness and ease of maintenance

 
 
Country of origin United Kingdom
Entered service 1990
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 1.6 t
Maximum load ?
Length 4.55 m
Width 1.79 m
Height 2.03 m
Mobility
Engine 2.5-liter diesel
Engine power 111 hp
Maximum road speed 160 km/h
Range 510 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 70%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording 0.6 m

 

   Each year approximately 80-90 thousands of Land Rover light utility vehicles are produced, and over 10% of them are sold for military operators worldwide. The Land Rover Defender entered production in 1990. Between 1983 and 1990 a similar utility vehicle was produced by Land Rover, but it was simply known as the Land Rover 90, -110, or -127. Only in 1989, with the  introduction of civilian Discovery model, Land Rover company decided to name its utilitarian off-road model the Defender in order to avoid confusion. The Defender light utility vehicles are in service with the British forces and are widely used around the World. In the British service this vehicle is designated as Truck Utility Light, or Truck Utility Medium. Defenders are manufactured in some countries, including Australia, Malaysia and Turkey. Production of the Defenders ceased in 2016. Jaguar Land Rover company announced their intention to launch a "new Defender". However it might be a totally different vehicle.

   The Land Rover Defender is available in various models, such as 90, 110 and 130. The number in the designation is a length of wheelbase in inches. All Land Rover vehicles come with a number of options, including open top with folding windscreen, or roll-over bar, additional fuel tanks. These military vehicles can withstand the most demanding off-road conditions. Vehicles carry troops, equipment or communication systems, depending on the role. Defenders are also used as weapon carriers, mobile workshops, shelter carries, ambulances, or light recovery vehicles.

   The General Service (GS) are the baseline Defenders with an open top, covered by a canvas cover. Such vehicles are capable of carrying 8-14 troops, depending on the model. There are also used to tow light artillery pieces. The FFR version with an all-metal body is often used as a mobile command post or signal vehicle.

   The Land Rover XD90 and XD110 (Xtra Duty) have a reinforced chassis for operation in demanding conditions. The XD130 has a payload capacity of 1.4 t and is used as a light utility truck. It is also used to carry specialized equipment or shelters. The British Army battlefield ambulance is based on this vehicle. It has a capacity for a combination of up to four stretcher cases or six seated casualties and provides a very high standard of medical facilities.

   The CAV-100 is armored version, based on the Defender 110. It provides seating for up to 10 fully-equipped troops. This armored vehicle is often used during peacekeeping missions.

   The Weapon Mount Installation Kit (WMIK) vehicles are fitted with 12.7-mm heavy machine guns, or automatic grenade launchers. The WMIKs are special forces vehicles, used for reconnaissance, close fire support or patrol duties. These Defenders are stripped down, have a strengthened chassis and are fitted with roll-over bars. Sometimes these military vehicles carry anti-tank guided weapon launchers.

   All Land Rover Defenders have a NATO standard towing jaw and are capable of towing a trailer with a maximum weight of up to 4 t.

   The Defenders are powered by 2.5-liter petrol or diesel engines, developing from 68 to 111 hp. There is also a more powerful 3.5-liter V8 petrol engine, developing 134 hp. Gearbox and transfer is standard across the range of military vehicles. The Land Rovers are popular for being easily maintained in the field, as only tools required to service these military vehicles are often just a hammer and a few spanners. Various add-on equipment, such as recovery winches, additional fuel tanks, air conditioners can be fitted depending on requirement.

   The Land Rover Defender is airportable, making it suitable for rapid deployment to anywhere in the world.

 

 
Land Rover Defender

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Land Rover Defender

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Land Rover Defender

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Land Rover Defender

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Land Rover Defender

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Land Rover Defender

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