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GAZ Tigr

Light utility vehicle

GAZ Tigr

The GAZ Tigr high mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicle is broadly similar to the US HMMWV

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2005
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 11 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 5.3 t
Maximum load 1.5 t
Length 4.61 m
Width 2.2 m
Height 2 m
Engine Cummins or GAZ diesel
Engine power 180 / 197 / 215 hp
Maximum road speed 125 - 140 km/h
Range up to 900 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.4 m
Trench 0.5 m
Fording 1.2 m


   The GAZ-2330 Tigr (Russian for tiger) light utility vehicle was designed by the famous Russian automaker GAZ for military and civil markets. The GAZ-2975 is a military version. This high mobility vehicle was modeled after the US HMMWV. However there are some conceptual differenced between the two. Originally a subsidiary of the GAZ company was received an order from an Emirati company to develop a Nimr (Arabic for tiger) high mobility vehicle. Prototypes of the Nimr were revealed in the early 2000s. However soon after that the Emirati company stopped cooperation with the Russian company. Further development of the Nimr was carried out in the United Arab Emirates, however the GAZ retained blueprints of the tactical vehicle and continued development. First prototypes of the Tigr were revealed in 2002. Production commenced in 2005. Currently it is in service with the Russian Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Internal Affairs. These vehicles are used to deploy rapid-reaction teams, escort convoys, conduct patrols. By 2010 just over 350 of these vehicles were delivered. However today it is estimated that more than 700 Tigr vehicles are in service with Russia.

   The GAZ Tigr is simple in design and technology. It is about the same size as the HMMWV. This utility vehicle has a payload capacity of 1 500 kg. It fits the gap between light utility vehicles and light trucks. The Tigr is available with various body styles - passenger, armored, cargo. It can be tailored to suit various mission requirements.

   The standard version of the Tigr high-mobility vehicle provides seating for driver and 11 passengers. Other configurations accommodate 1+3, 2+4 or 2+7 soldiers. There are some specialized versions of this vehicle, such as an anti-tank missile carrier.

   A 7.62 mm, 12.7 mm machine gun or 30 mm automatic grenade launcher can be mounted on top of the roof. There is also a roof hatch.

   An armored version of the Tigr is available. It has welded 5 mm armor plates and is also fitted with a spall liner. Two protection levels are available. Vehicle's armor provides protection against small arms fire, artillery shell splinters and IEDs. Armored version is 700 kg heavier, than the standard Tigr.

   The GAZ Tigr is available with Cummins B-180 (5.9-liter, 180 hp), Cummins B-214 (5.9-liter, 215 hp) or GAZ-562 (3.2-liter, 197 hp) turbocharged diesel engine. It seems that other engines are also available. This vehicle is proposed with manual or automatic transmissions. The Tigr uses some proven automotive components of the BTR-80 APC and GAZ Vodnik light utility vehicle. This vehicle has a full-time all-wheel-drive. It is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. A tyre pressure is adapted to suit various terrain conditions. This military truck has an engine pre-heater, which allows to start the engine, when the temperature is as low as -50C. A 4 000 kg capacity self-recovery winch is fitted as an option.




   SPM-1 special police vehicle, developed for the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. It is an armored version of the Tigr, which provides protection against 7.62 mm rounds. It provides seating for two crew members and up to 7 passengers;

   SPM-2 special police vehicle, similar to the SPM-1, but has built-in firing ports in its windows;

   Kornet-D anti-tank missile carrier, based on the Tigr chassis. It is fitted with 2 quadruple missile launchers. It has significant anti-armor capability.


Video of the GAZ Tigr light utility vehicle


GAZ Tigr

GAZ Tigr

GAZ Tigr

GAZ Tigr

GAZ Tigr

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