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CUCV

Light utility vehicle

CUCV

The CUCV range is based on commercial Chevrolet Blazer with minor modifications

 
 
M1009
Entered service 1983
Configuration 4x4
Cab seating 1 + 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (laden) 2.9 t
Payload capacity 0.75 t
Length 4.87 m
Width 2 m
Height 1.9 m
Mobility
Engine General Motors 6.2-liter diesel
Engine power 135 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 90 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording 0.5 m

 

   In 1981 the US Armed Forces found themselves using a wide variety of light vehicles for numerous tactical and other applications that often overlapped. Many of which were too expensive to run and maintain. A study was instituted to cut down the number of vehicle types in service and replace them with relatively low-cost militarized commercial type, where expensive tactical-type vehicles were not necessary. The vehicle would be used by the US Army, Marine Corps and Air Force.

   Following the series of trials in 1982 General Motors were awarded a contract for no less than 53 000 vehicles, known as Commercial Utility Cargo Vehicle (CUCV). First vehicles were delivered in 1983. Production ceased in 1986. Over 70 000 had been manufactured. The CUCV series has been widely used throughout the American armed forces, where it has replaced many old Jeeps and other vehicle models. It also has been exported. These utility vehicles saw combat during Operation Desert Storm.

   The CUCV range is based on the Chevrolet C/K pick-up truck. Only minor adjustments were made to the vehicle to make it suitable for military use. All CUCV vehicles use the same components such as basic chassis, engine, transmission, axles and electrical system, but are fitted with different body.

   The basic CUCV is the M1009 utility vehicle. Unlike other it is based on the Chevrolet Blazer SUV. It provides seating for driver and four passengers. Alternatively it can carry loads up to 750 kg. The M1008 is a general cargo pick-up truck with open cargo area. It has a payload capacity of 1.25 t. The M1010 is an ambulance with a boxy body, which accommodates 4 stretchers or 8 seated casualties. The M1028 is a light shelter carrier for communications and other equipment. It can also carry general cargo. The M1031 is a 1.25 t light truck. All vehicles can also tow light trailers.

   The range of CUCV vehicles is powered by a General Motors 6.2-liter V8 diesel engine, developing 135 hp. It is coupled with a 3-speed automatic transmission. Vehicles have a full-time all-wheel drive. All CUCV vehicles are air-transportable.

   All CUCV vehicles were phased out sooner than expected due to their poor rigidity comparing with purpose-built tactical vehicles. Most CUCVs were replaced by HMMWVs they were originally designed to supplement. Some of them are still used by US Military as support vehicles. Later General Motors developed CUCV II and CUCV III families however these were produced only in small numbers.

 

Video of the CUCV light utility vehicle

 

 
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