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Type 80

Main battle tank

Type 80 MBT

The Type 80 main battle tank is a radically improved version of the Type 69 MBT

 
 
Country of origin China
Entered service Late 1980s
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 38 t
Length (gun forward) 9.33 m
Hull length 6.33 m
Width 3.35 m
Height 2.29 m
Armament
Main gun 105 mm rifled
Machine guns 1 x 7.62 mm, 1 x 12.7 mm
Elevation range - 4 to + 18 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 44 rounds
Machine guns 2 250 x 7.62 mm, 500 x 12.7 mm
Mobility
Engine 12150L-7BW diesel
Engine power 730 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 430 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 2.7 m
Fording 1.4 m
Fording (with preparation) ?

 

   The Type 80 main battle tank was developed by NORINCO in the early 1980s. It was China's attempt to design a modern tank, that could approach Soviet and Western designs. Though at the time China was dragging behind in terms of tank technology. The Type 80 is a radically improved version of the Type 69 tank. In fact it was the first China's main battle tank. It was adopted by the People Liberation Army (PLA) in the late 1980s.

   Vehicle has a redesigned hull, which is longer comparing with the Type 69. Front of the hull and turret is fitted with composite armor. The Type 80 features steel side skirts, that are common to all Chinese main battle tanks. Cast half-egg shaped turret of the Type 80 is similar to that on the Type 79 tank, which is export version of the Type 69.

   The Type 80 is armed with the L7/M68 105 mm rifled gun. It fires all standard NATO 105 mm ammunition, which is also manufactured in China under license. This gun is loaded manually. Fire control system of the Type 80 is similar to that of the Type 69-II MBT.

   Secondary armament consists of 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun.

   Vehicle has a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

   The Type 80 main battle tank is powered by a 12150L-7BW diesel engine, developing 730 hp. Vehicle can be fitted with a deep wading kit.

 

Variants

 

   Type 80-II is fitted with improved fire control and NBC protection systems.

   Type 85-II, developed in 1989, is a further development of the Type 80-II, featuring new turret and additional modular armor at the front of the hull and turret.

   Type 85-IIA command tank, fitted with additional communication and navigation equipment.

   Type 85-III is an improved version, aimed mainly at export market.

   Type 96 is a successor to the Type 80 series. It was adopted by the PLA in 1997. This tank was built in large numbers. It is estimated that over 1 500 of these main battle tanks were built, until production ceased in 2005. Other sources claim that 2 000-2 500 of these tanks were built. It is widely used by the PLA and has been exported to Sudan.

 

 

 
Type 80 MBT

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Type 80 MBT

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Type 80 MBT

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Type 80 MBT

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