Tanks > Top 10 Main
Top 10 Main Battle Tanks
receive many questions which is the best main battle tank in the
world. Which is the greatest modern MBT and why. Our Top 10 analysis is based on the combined score of
protection, firepower, accuracy and mobility. All of the tanks
mentioned here are incredibly powerful and devastating, however none of
them have seen combat against each other during military operations yet.
Analysis is based on specifications and available data. Crew training
of the tank is also
important, as performance of the actual tank depends from the
crew performance. This list do not contains tanks that are currently
under development or are at the prototype stage.
top 10 best tanks in the world are these:
Leopard 2A7 (Germany)
It is a recent version of
the proven and successful
Leopard 2 design. It has
additional armor and updated electronics.
2A7 is well protected against conventional and urban warfare
threats, such as RPG rounds and IEDs.
has better accuracy and longer range of fire comparing with other
tanks due to its powerful gun and advanced fire control system.
This MBT is
powered by a proven engine, developing 1 500 hp. Despite increase in
weight vehicle has increased mobility due to improved suspension
components. Cross-country performance is similar to other Leopard 2
The Leopard 2A7 is not
yet in production. German plans to upgrade 50 to 150 Leopard 2 tanks
to the 2A7 standard. Saudi Arabia ordered 200 of these MBTs.
K2 Black Panther (South Korea)
Currently the Black
Panther is one of the most advanced main battle tank in the world,
outclassing anything North Korea or China have. Furthermore it is
the most expensive main battle tank to date.
uses composite armor of undisclosed type and explosive reactive
armor modules. The K2 is also completed with active protection and
countermeasures systems. Its protection is broadly similar to the
M1A2 Abrams, considering that the K2 is much lighter.
South Korean tank is armed with the latest German 120-mm gun,
similar to that used on the
Leopard 2A6 and 2A7. This tank has a very advanced fire control
system with can spot, track and fire automatically at visible
vehicle-size targets, even low-flying helicopters, without needing
any input from a human operator. The K2 also uses advanced
Panther is fitted with a powerful diesel engine. It is fast and has
a state-of-the-art hydropneumatic suspension.
Currently this main
battle tanks is not yet in series production. It might enter service
with the South Korean Army soon.
M1A2 Abrams (USA)
The M1A2 has incredible
technology and armor. Also this tank has seen combat. It is one of
the most feared MBTs.
offers significant protection against all well-known anti-tank
weapons. This main battle tank uses advanced armor, reinforced with
depleted uranium layers.
Its gun and
accuracy are slightly inferior to that of the Leopard 2A7.
gas turbine engine offers good performance, but requires tremendous amount of
maintenance, logistical support and
is thirsty on fuel.
M1A2 SEP is the
latest version. A number of older tanks were upgraded to this
standard. The tank can be also fitted with a
Survival Kit (TUSK). It improves survivability in urban
The M1A2 Abrams is in
service with United States (over 1 500). It is planned that this
tank will remain in service beyond 2050. It has been exported to Kuwait (218) and Saudi
Challenger 2 (United Kingdom)
It is a very
capable tank. The Challenger 2 has the
latest Chobham armor and is one of the most protected MBTs in the
world today. It offers very high level of protection against direct
This British tank is armed
with a very accurate 120-mm rifled gun. Its gun is rifled as opposed
to smoothbore guns used by all other modern MBTs. Its maximum aimed range is over
5 km. Currently the Challenger holds the record for for longest
the Challenger 2 is less powerful than of its Western rivals. Also
it is not as fast as other MBTs. However this tank is famous for
its mechanical reliability.
The Challenger 2 is in
service with United Kingdom (386) and Oman (38).
Merkava Mk.4 (Israel)
It is the
latest Israeli development which is a further development of the
The Merkava Mk.4 is
one of the most protected tanks in the world. This MBT has an unusual
design with a front-mounted engine which gives the crew additional
protection and chance to survive if the tank is knocked-out. All Merkava series tanks
have a rear compartment which ca be used to carry troops and cargo
under armor. It can carry up to 10 troops when ammunition is
tank is armed with indigenous 120-mm smoothbore gun. The Merkava
Mk.4 is equipped with new fire control system, that includes some
very advanced features. One of them is a high hit probability firing
against low-flying helicopters using conventional munitions.
the Merkava Mk.4 is rather average due to excessive weight, even
though it is fitted with a powerful engine.
The Merkava Mk.4 is in
service only with Israel (360), as this tank is not offered for
The TK-X or Type 10 is
the latest Japanese development. It entered service in 2012.
Currently it is one of the most advanced main battle tanks in the
This new lightweight MBT
is more agile, however less protected than contemporary tanks.
It is armed
with a 120-mm smoothbore gun, broadly similar to that of the
Leopard 2A5 and M1A2 Abrams. It also has advanced fire control
This tank has great mobility
due to its impressive power-to-weight ratio, Continuously Variable
Transmission (CVT) and state-of-the-art hydropneumatic suspension.
The TK-X is in service
with Japan (12). This tank is not available for export customers as
far as Japan's laws do not allow export of military equipment.
main battle tank entered service in 1992. A number of design
features of the Leclerc were later used on other Western tanks.
has advanced composite armor with add-on modular armor.
This MBT has
a crew of three and is fitted with an autoloader. It is fitted a
powerful gun and has a high hit
probability against stationary and moving targets. Also it has a
This tank has good
mobility due to its 1 500 hp engine and hydropneumatic suspension.
Currently it is in
service with France (406) and United Arab Emirates (388).
The T-90 is
currently the only tank produced in quantity in Russia. It is not as
sophisticated as its Western rivals, however it uses proven
is cost effective. Currently it is the most commercially
successful main battle tank on the global market. Also it is one of
the cheapest among modern MBTs.
The T-90 has a small profile
which makes it a harder target to hit. Significant drawback of
the T-90 is ammunition stored in the main compartment due to its
carrousel-type autoloader. Once hit ammunition detonates by killing
all the crew and destroying the tank. This drawback is common to all
Soviet, Russian Ukrainian and recent Chinese MBTs. Western tanks
separate compartment in the turret bustle with a blow-out panels
The T-90 is not as
accurate against long-range targets, however it can launch anti-tank
guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary munitions.
poor power-to-weight ratio due to its underpowered engine. Later
models were fitted with more powerful engines.
Tagil is a recent
version with new armor, new engine, new gun, improved turret,
updated observation and aiming system.
The T-90 is
service with Russia (approximately 700), Algeria (305), Azerbaijan
(20), India (620), Turkmenistan (40) and Venezuela (50 ~100).
With the collapse of the
Soviet Union, Ukraine continued development of the
T-80UD main battle
tank. Their latest version is the Oplot-M.
is fitted with explosive reactive armor of new generation. This MBT
inherited from its predecessor automatic ammunition loading system,
however ammunition is stored in the main compartment, rather than a
separate compartment with a blow-out panels.
Ukranian tank is not as
accurate against long-range targets as Western rivals, however it can launch anti-tank
guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary munitions. The Oplot-M has a
The Oplot-M completed
Ukrainian Army trials and is due to enter service with Ukrainian
Army. Also it is in service with Thailand. This tank is broadly similar in terms of firepower, protection and
mobility to the latest Russian versions of the T-90, however
currently it is produced only in small numbers.
Type 99 (China)
This Chinese MBT shows a mixture
of Russian and Western influence in its design and technology.
Like the Russian/Soviet
tanks the Type 99 also lacks accuracy against long-range targets,
however it is also capable to launch anti-tank guided missiles in
the same manner as ordinary munitions.
Automatic loading system
of the Type 99 was copied from the Russian/Soviet design. Hence its
drawback, as ammunition is stored in the main compartment,
rather than a separate compartment with a blow-out panels. This MBT is fitted with
unique active laser protection system, which uses a high-powered
laser to disrupt missiles laser or infrared guidance signal, disable
enemy observation optics and damage eyesight of enemy gunner. This
active laser protection system can also be used against helicopters.
The Type 99 is fitted
with a powerful engine and has good mobility.
The Type 99G
is the latest version with some improvements.
Currently The Type 99 is
in service only with China (approximately 200).