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Type 10

Main battle tank

Type 10 MBT

The Type 10 main battle tank is the latest Japanese military development

 
 
Country of origin Japan
Entered service 2012
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 44 t
Length (gun forward) 9.48 m
Hull length ~ 6.8 m
Width 3.24 m
Height 2.3 m
Armament
Main gun 120 mm smoothbore
Machine guns 1 x 12.7 mm, 1 x 7.62 mm
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
Machine guns ?
Mobility
Engine diesel
Engine power 1 200 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step ~ 1 m
Trench ~ 2.7 m
Fording ~ 1 m

 

   The Type 10 Main Battle Tank (MBT) is the latest Japanese development. At the prototype stage it was known as TK-X. This new lightweight MBT is smaller and weights significantly less than other modern battle tanks. It is significantly lighter than the current Japanese Type 90 main battle tank. Vehicle was designed to be lighter in order to comply with the Japanese road laws. The new MBT can be transported on standard commercial trailers. Also lighter tanks are easier to transport by sea. Development of the TK-X began in early 2000s. Some of its sub-systems were developed even earlier - back in the late 1990s. Heavy emphasis was placed on C4I capabilities, as well as increased protection, firepower and mobility. Vehicle was first publicly revealed in 2008. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is the main contractor of the Type 10. Currently it is one of the most advanced main battle tanks in the world. In 2010 Japanese Ministry of Defense ordered 13 of these tanks. These entered service with the Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces in 2012. It will replace the ageing Type 74 and supplement the Type 90 MBTs.

   This Japanese tank can be seen as a medium tank, rather than a true main battle tank. It was designed with asymmetric warfare in mind. It lacks thick armor, which is present on modern main battle tanks. Its main role is to support infantry with its firepower, rather than to combat enemy tanks.

   A great emphasis of the Type 10 was placed on protection against RPG rounds. Vehicle has a sloped modular ceramic composite armor similar to the Leopard 2A5. Its side profile is similar to the Leclerc. Damaged armor modules can be easily replaced in field conditions. Add-on armor can also be removed to reduce combat weight to 40 t for ease of transportation. This main battle tank is also completed with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. Its smoke grenade launchers are coupled to laser warning receivers. These are automatically triggered when the tank is illuminated by a laser beam. Such passive protection system allows to reduce chance of being hit by anti-tank guided missiles with semi-automatic laser guidance.

   The Type 10 has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. The tank has an automatic ammunition loading system, so there is no need for the loader.

   The Type 10 tank is armed with a 120 mm smoothbore gun, developed by Japan Steel Works. This company also license-produces the Rheinmetall 120 mm/L44 gun for the Type 90 MBT. Autoloader is located in the turret bustle. The autoloader is more advanced than on the previous Type 90 MBT. The Type 10 fires newly developed armor-piercing ammunition. It is compatible with all standard 120-mm NATO ammunition.

   Secondary armament consists of coaxially mounted 7.62 mm machine gun and a roof mounted remotely controlled 12.7 mm machine gun.

   Advanced fire control system enables vehicle to engage stationary and moving targets. Other features of the Type 10 include digital battlefield management system and navigation system for rapid coordination and increased situational awareness.

   Vehicle is powered by a V8 diesel engine, developing 1 200 hp. Light weight and a powerful engine give an impressive power to weight ration of 27 hp/ton. It is coupled with a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). Because of such transmission this MBT can go reverse at full speed of 70 km/h. The Type 10 main battle tank is also fitted with a state-of-the-art semi-active hydropneumatic suspension. The tank can "sit", "stand", "kneel" or to "lean" in any direction. This feature gives a number of advantages, especially operating in mountainous terrain. Some tanks are fitted with a front-mounted dozer blade.

 

Video of the Type 10 main battle tank

 

 
Type 10 MBT

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Type 10 MBT

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Type 10 MBT

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Type 10 MBT

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Type 10 MBT

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Personal appeal from Andrius Genys

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