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Prototype main battle tank

T-95 tank

There is only little official information of the T-95 prototype main battle tank

Entered service -
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 50 ~ 55 t
Length (gun forward) ?
Hull length ~ 7 m
Width ~ 3.5 m
Height ?
Main gun 152-mm smoothbore (?), 30-mm cannon (?)
Machine guns ?
Elevation range ?
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
Machine guns ?
Engine diesel
Engine power ?
Maximum road speed ?
Range ?
Gradient ?
Side slope ?
Vertical step ?
Trench ?
Fording ?
Fording (with preparation) ?


   In 2000 it was announced that a new-generation main battle tank, had been developed in Russia. It was designated as the T-95. It was intended to replace the T-72 and T-80 tanks and become the main MBT of the Russian Army. Trials of a full-scale prototype started in 1998. The whole program was kept in high secrecy. Even today there is only little official information available on the T-95. Technical data is also classified. It was expected to surpass all of its predecessors and rivals. Development of the T-95 main battle tank has been suspended in 2009. It is likely that it failed to meet requirements of the Russian MoD.

   The T-95 is a new design, rather than a modification of existing vehicle. The main feature of this design is an unmanned turret with externally mounted and remotely-controlled armament. This MBT is fitted with autoloader and automatic ammunition handling system. The autoloader is located below the turret and is similar in many aspects to current Russian autoloaders.

   The T-95 MBT was planned to have a lower silhouette because of the unmanned turret. Consequently vehicle would be less observable on the battlefield. It was believed that length and width of the new main battle tank is about the same as on current Russian MBTs. However it appeared that the T-95 is way to large.

   It was planned that this tank would be fitted with active protection system.

   It is believed that the T-95 is armed with a 152-mm smoothbore gun. It is likely that this tank is capable of firing gun-launched anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary rounds. Also it seems that this tank is armed with a secondary 30-mm cannon. Development of the T-95 was stopped in 2009. By that time an improved 2A82 125-mm tank gun appeared in Russia. This gun has improved ballistics comparing with a 2A46M gun of the T-90 MBT.

   The T-95 tank is fitted with new fire control system. Vehicle has a panoramic commander's periscope with thermal imager. It gives the tank a hunter-killer capability.

   It is reported that the T-95 MBT has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. Occupants are seated in a well-protected armored capsule, separated from automatic loader and ammunition.

   After it became clear that the T-95 failed, there were no ready alternatives. Development of another Russian prototype MBT, the Black Eagle, was stopped earlier due to the lack of funds. Instead as a stop-gap measure the Russian Army acquired a number improved T-90 MBTs. However this tanks was accepted to service back in 1993 and currently becomes out-dated.

   In 2011 another MBT development program was launched in Russia. The new tank was named Armata. This tank proved to be a sucess. First pre-production batch of tanks was completed in 2015. The Armata is planned to enter service with the Russian Army and its full-scale production is expected soon.

Video of the T-95 prototype main battle tank