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T-84

Main battle tank

T-84 MBT

The T-84 main battle tank entered service with Ukrainian Army in 1999

 
 
Entered service 1999
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 48 t
Length (gun forward) 9.72 m
Hull length 7.35 m
Width 3.56 m
Height 2.285 m
Armament
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
ATGW 9K119M (AT-11 Sniper-B)
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm, 1 x 12.7-mm
Elevation range - 5 to + 13 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 45 rounds
Machine guns 1 250 x 7.62, 450 x 12.7
Mobility
Engine 6TD-2 diesel
Engine power 1 200 hp
Maximum road speed 65 km/h
Range 540 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 63%
Side slope 36%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2.85 m
Fording 1.8 m
Fording (with preparation) 5 m

 

   The T-84 is a Ukrainian main battle tank. It is a further development of the T-80UD. Development of the T-80UD began in the late 1980s. In the mid 1990s a contract was signed with Ukraine to supply 320 T-80UD tanks to Pakistan. After collapse of the Soviet Union fulfilling the contract was difficult due to disturbed nature of Soviet military industry. A number of T-80UD parts were produced in Russia and their acquisition was troublesome. Also Russia interfered politically and at the same time competed on international market with their new T-90 MBT. This forced to develop local capabilities in Ukraine, resulting in the T-84. This tank was revealed in 1995. It had a number of improvements over the previous T-80UD. It entered service with Ukrainian Army in 1999. Some sources report that only 10 of these tanks were delivered to Ukrainian armed forces. The only export operator is Pakistan, that acquired 320 T-80UB MBTs. However Pakistani tanks had many features of the Ukrainian T-84, including new turrets. In most respect the T-84 is similar to the Russian T-90 MBT.

   Vehicle has an all-welded turret and is fitted with built-in explosive reactive armor blocks. Protection is enhanced by Shtora-1 countermeasures system, significantly increasing tank's survivability against ATGW with semi-active or semi-automatic guidance.

   The T-84 has similar weapons as the T-80UD. It is armed with a 125-mm smoothbore gun, fitted with an autoloader. This MBT is also compatible with the 9K119M Reflex (NATO designation AT-11 Sniper-B) anti-tank guided missiles. These missiles are launched  in the same manner as ordinary rounds. Effective range of fire with APFSDS round is 2 000 - 3 000 m day and 2 000 - 2 600 at night. Armor penetration is about 590 - 630 mm at 2 000 m range.

   Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun and a roof-mounted 12.7-mm machine gun.

   This main battle tank is powered by a 6TD-2 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 200 hp. Some variants of the T-84 are powered by a more powerful 6TD-3 turbocharged diesel, developing 1 500 hp. Auxiliary gas turbine power unit is fitted to power all the tank's systems, when the main engine is turned off. The T-84 has a deep wading kit, and a built-in self-entrenching blade.

   Models of the T-84 include the T-84U MBT with new armored side skirts, built-in Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor, muzzle reference system and some other improvements.

 

Variants

 

   Oplot is an improved version of the T-84, fitted with new turret. A small number of the T-84 Oplot MBTs is in service with Ukrainian Army;

   Yatagan is a prototype main battle tank, intended for export. It is a further development of the Oplot, featuring a 120-mm gun, compatible with the standard NATO tank munitions and special version of the Russian AT-11 Sniper anti-tank guided missiles. It has a new turret with ammunition stored in a separate compartment in the turret bustle with blow-out panels. This model also has a new autoloader;

   Oplot-M, fitted with new Duplet (Nozh-2) ERA armor that protects against tandem warheads;

   Atlet armored recovery vehicle. It is also referred as the BREM-84;

   BMU-84 bridgelayer;

   BTMP-84 prototype main battle tank, capable of carrying 5 dismounts.

 

Video of the T-84 main battle tank

 
T-84 MBT

T-84 MBT

T-84 MBT

T-84 MBT

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