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T-80

Main battle tank

T-80 MBT

The T-80 is the first production main battle tank, fitted with a gas turbine engine



Entered service 1976
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 42 t
Length (gun forward) 9.47 m
Hull length 6.78 m
Width 3.53 m
Height 2.3 m
Armament
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm, 1 x 12.7-mm
Elevation range - 5 to + 14 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 40 rounds
Machine guns 2 000 x 7.62, 300 x 12.7
Mobility
Engine GTD-1000T gas turbine engine
Engine power 1 000 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 335 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 1 m
Trench 2.85 m
Fording 1.2 m
Fording (with preparation) 5 m

 

   The T-80 main battle tank is a further development of the T-64, which had a number of significant drawbacks. It was also a more capable alternative to the T-72. The most significant features of the T-80 over the T-72 are it's gas turbine engine and ability to fire the AT-8 Songster anti-tank guided missiles (T-80B and later variants) in the same manner as ordinary projectiles.

   The T-80 was accepted to service with the Soviet army in 1976 however original version was not built in large numbers. Currently Russia operates a total of 4 500 T-80 main battle tanks of all variants. Most of these tanks are in reserve. Some official sources report that all T-80 series MBTs will be removed from active service by 2015. Currently Russian Army operates T-90 MBTs and overhauled or upgraded versions of the T-72.

   Other operators of the T-80 and it's variants are Belarus (92), China (200), Cyprus (41), Kazakhstan, South Korea (80), Syria (320) and Ukraine (271).

   The T-80 has a composite armor at the front arc.

   Vehicle is armed with a fully-stabilized 125-mm smoothbore gun, completed with an autoloader.

   Secondary armament consists of 7.62-mm coaxial machine gun and 12.7-mm anti-aircraft MG.

   The T-80 has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver.

   Vehicle is fitted with the GTD-1000T gas turbine engine, developing 1 000 horsepower. Basically it is a modified helicopter power plant. Advantages of such engine are it's compact dimensions, high power output and ability to start when the temperature is up to -40C. However it has a number of drawbacks. Most notable of them are high fuel consumption, troublesome maintenance and high unit price. The T-80 is also fitted with auxiliary power unit, powering all systems, when the main engine is turned off. Suspension of the T-80 was improved comparing to that of the T-64.

 

Variants

 

   T-80B, first version of the original T-80 produced in large numbers. It entered service in 1978;

   T-80BK, command version of the T-80B, with additional communication equipment;

   T-80BV, T-80B fitted with explosive reactive armor;

   T-80BVK, command version of the T-80BV, with additional communication equipment;

   T-80U, improved and better protected variant;

   T-80UK, command version of the T-80U;

   T-80UD, has gas turbine engine replaced by a 1 100 hp diesel engine;

   T-80U-M1 Bars, has Shtora-1 countermeasures system and more powerful engine. It was intended for export customers, but received no production orders;

   T-80U-M2, new cast turret.

 

 
T-80 MBT

T-80 MBT

T-80 MBT

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