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T-72UA1

Main battle tank

T-72UA1

The T-72UA1 is a Ukrainian refurbished and upgraded version of the T-72

 
 
Country of origin Ukraine
Entered service 2012
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight ~ 45 t
Length (gun forward) 9.5 m
Hull length 6.9 m
Width 3.5 m
Height 2.2 m
Armament
Main gun 125-mm smoothbore
ATGW -
Machine guns 1 x 12.7-mm, 1 x 7.62-mm
Elevation range - 5 to + 14 degrees
Traverse range 360 degrees
Ammunition load
Main gun 39 rounds
Machine guns ? x 12.7-mm, 2 000 x 7.62-mm
Mobility
Engine 5TDFMA diesel
Engine power 1 050 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 65 km/h
Range ~ 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.85 m
Trench 2.8 m
Fording 1.2 m
Fording (with preparation) 5 m

 

   The T-72UA1 is a Ukrainian refurbished and upgraded version of the T-72 main battle tank. It has improved mobility and protection. The T-72UA1 first appeared in 2011. This tank is aimed at export customers. At the time of its introduction Ukrainian Army did not use T-72 tanks, but had a number of decommissioned MBTs from the Soviet times in storage.

   In 2011 Ethiopia ordered from Ukraine 200 T-72B1 tanks. Some of these were planned to be refurbished, while the other refurbished and upgraded to T-72UA1 standard. Sometimes these upgraded machines are referred as T-72E1. First MBTs were delivered in 2012. Currently Ethiopia is the only export customer of this tank.

   Some sources report that due to ongoing military conflict in Ukraine, some T-72UA1 tanks might be phased into service with Ukrainian armed forces.

   Some sources report that in 2014 Ukraine obtained 80 T-72 tanks from Hungarian Army stocks. These are also likely to be upgraded to T-72UA1 standard for use by Ukrainian armed forces. However this information was not confirmed.

   The Ukrainian T-72UA1 upgrade is broadly similar to recent Russian upgrades of the T-72, that are being offered for export customers. However Ukraine offers to upgrade tanks at a cheaper price.

   Front of the turret is fitted with new Nozh explosive reactive armor. It provides protection against tandem warheads. Hull of the tank is covered with older Kontakt-1 explosive reactive armor. It adds some protection against HEAT rounds. It seems that more advanced ERA modules were not used to keep the price low. Some sources report, that the tank also has upgraded countermeasures.

   The T-72UA1 is armed with a 125-mm smoothbore gun. The gun is completed with an automatic ammunition loading system. As well as its predecessor, the T-72B1, it lacks capability to launch anti-tank guided missiles. Secondary armament consists of coaxial 7.62-mm and roof-mounted 12.7-mm machine guns.

   Upgraded tanks did not receive any new sights or upgraded fire control system. Other sources claim that the T-72UA1 has upgraded fire control system.

   The T-72UA-1 is powered by a 5TDFMA turbocharged engine, developing 1 050 hp. This engine has opposing piston design and is smaller than original V-46 engine of the T-72 with 780 hp. Yet it develops more power. During the engine swap no sufficient engine compartment and hull redesign is required. Free space in the hull rear is used to add auxiliary power unit and air conditioner. The 5TDFMA engine was specially developed for operation in hot climate. It can operate at +55C without loosing power, as it happens with original engine of the T-72. This multi-fuel engine can run on diesel, petrol or kerosene. Broadly similar opposing piston design engines are used on Ukrainian upgraded T-64BM Bulat and T-64E tanks. The T-72UA1 is fitted with tracks similar to those used on the T-80UD MBT and Oplot main battle tanks.

 

 
T-72UA1

T-72UA1

T-72UA1

T-72UA1

T-72UA1

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